Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
Bridgend Local Development Plan
County Borough Council
Adopted Plan
September 2013
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Transport Planning
Format of the Document
- SP3
Strategic Transport Planning Principles
Local Development Plan Process
- PLA5
Development in Transport Corridors
The Area Covered by the LDP
- PLA6
Development West of the Railway Line, Pencoed
The National, Regional and Local Policy Context
- PLA7
Transportation Proposals
Key Issues in Bridgend County Borough
- PLA8
Development Led Improvements to the
Transportation Network
Translating the Issues - Strategy Development
- PLA9
Development affecting Public Rights of Way
- PLA10
Safeguarding of Disused Railway Infrastructure
- PLA11
Parking Standards
Local Development Plan Vision
Local Development Plan Objectives
The LDP Strategy
Natural Environment
- What is the Regeneration-Led Spatial Strategy?
- SP4
Conservation and Enhancement of the Natural Environment
- Focused Regeneration
- ENV1
Development in the Countryside
- Benefits of Growth
- ENV2
Development in Green Wedges
- Regeneration-Led Spatial Strategy on the Ground
- ENV3
Special Landscape Areas
Bridgend and Pencoed
- ENV4
Local/Regional Nature Conservation Sites
Focused Regeneration - Bridgend SRGA
- ENV5
Green Infrastructure
Porthcawl and Pyle / North Cornelly / Kenfig Hill
- ENV6
Nature Conservation
Focused Regeneration - Porthcawl SRGA
- ENV7
Natural Resource Protection and Public Health
Maesteg and the Llynfi Valley
Built and Historic Environment
Focused Regeneration - Maesteg and the Llynfi Valley SRGA
- SP5
Conservation of the Built and Historic Environment
The Valleys Gateway and the Ogmore & Garw Valleys
- ENV8
Heritage Assets and Regeneration
Focused Regeneration - The Valleys Gateway SRGA
- Strategic Employment Sites
- SP6
Brocastle, Waterton, Bridgend
- ENV9
Development in Mineral Safeguarding Areas
Island Farm, Bridgend
- ENV10
Development within Mineral Buffer Zones
Pencoed Technology Park, Pencoed
- ENV11
Mineral Development
Ty Draw Farm, North Cornelly
- ENV12
Coal Extraction Operations
- What is the Underlying Level of Growth?
Unstable Land
- LDP Strategy Components and Actions
- ENV13
Unstable Land
Strategic Diagram
Waste Management
- SP7
Waste Management
- ENV14
Inert Waste
- ENV15
Waste Management in New Development
Regeneration-Led Sustainable Development Distribution Strategy
- ENV16
Commercial and Industrial Waste
- SP1
Regeneration-Led Development
Energy Generation, Efficiency and Conservation
- Spatial distribution of Growth
- SP8
Renewable Energy
- PLA1
Settlement Hierarchy and Urban Management
- ENV17
Renewable Energy and Low/Zero Carbon Technology
- PLA2
Implementation of Regeneration Strategies
- ENV18
Renewable Energy Developments
- PLA3
Regeneration and Mixed Use Development Schemes
Design and Sustainable Place Making
(continued over)
- SP2
Design and Sustainable Place Making
- PLA4
Climate Change and Peak Oil
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Pages 69-78
Employment and the Economy
- SP9
Employment and the Economy
Pages 79-80
- REG1
Employment Sites
- REG2
Protection of Identified Employment Sites
- REG3
D2 Class Uses on Employment Sites
Pages 81-82
Former Stormy Down Airfield
Commercial and Retailing Developments
- SP10
Retail and Commercial Hierarchy
- REG5
Local Retailing and Commercial Development
- REG6
Primary Shopping Frontages
Appendix 1 -
Descriptions of Regeneration and Mixed Use Development Schemes
- REG7
Non A1, A2 and A3 Uses Outside of Primary Shopping Frontages
allocated under Policy PLA3
- REG8
Control and Exclusion of Uses in Retailing and Commercial Centres
Appendix 2 -
Details of the Transport Corridors Identified in PLA5
- REG9
Development Sites in Retail and Commercial Development Centres
Appendix 3 -
Employment Land Schedule
- REG10
Existing Retail Development Outside of Retailing and Commercial Centres
Appendix 4 -
Housing Sub Markets in Bridgend County Borough
- REG11
New Bulky Goods Retail Development Out of Centre Retail Development
Appendix 5 -
Site Delivery
Pages 113-118
- SP11
- REG12
New or Extended Tourist Facilities,Accommodation and Attractions
- REG13
Protection of Existing Tourist Accommodation
Proposals Map Index
Map Index
- SP12
Proposals Map Key
Map Key
- COM1
Residential Allocations in the Strategic Regeneration Growth Areas
Proposals Map
- COM2
Residential Allocations Outside the Strategic Regeneration Growth Areas
Maesteg Town Centre Inset Map
- COM3
Residential Re-Use of a Building or Land
Bridgend Town Centre Inset Map
- COM4
Residential Density
Porthcawl Town Centre Inset Map
- COM5
Affordable Housing
- COM6
Gypsy and Traveller Sites
Social and Community Facilities
- SP13
Social and Community Facilities
- COM7
Protection of Social and Community Facilities
- COM8
Provision of Health and Well-Being Facilities
- COM9
Provision of Community Buildings
- COM10
Provision of Educational and Training Facilities
- COM11
Provision of Outdoor Recreation Facilities
- COM12
Provision of Playing Fields
- COM13
Provision of Accessible Natural Greenspace (including public open space)
- COM14
Provision of Allotments and Community Food Networks
- COM15
Provision of Cemeteries
- SP14
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Introduction & Background
Plan 2006-2021
1.1.1 The Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 requires
Bridgend County Borough Council (the Council) to prepare a Local
Development Plan (LDP) setting out its objectives for the
development and use of land in Bridgend County Borough over
the plan period to 2021, and its policies to implement them. The
Plan, which should be read as a whole, will be used by the Council
to guide and manage development, providing a basis for
consistent and appropriate decision-making.
The LDP should:
deliver sustainable development;
build upon, and add value to the Wales Spatial Plan, and have
regard to the national planning policies and guidance produced
by the Welsh Government;
reflect local aspirations for the County Borough, based on a
vision agreed by the local community and other stakeholders;
provide a basis for rational and consistent development
management decisions;
guide growth and change, while protecting local diversity,
character, and sensitive environments; and
show why, how and where change will occur over the plan
The LDP is one of four key strategies that Local Authorities
in Wales have to prepare. The other three are:
The Community Strategy
The Children and Young People’s Plan
The Health, Social Care and Wellbeing Strategy
The LDP is a key means of delivering the land use elements
of these and other strategies.
Format of the Document
Chapter 1 sets out the role and purpose of the LDP
together with a brief summary of the Plan preparation process. It
also outlines the processes of Sustainability Appraisal (SA)/
Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) and Habitats
Regulations Assessment (HRA) which underpin the LDP. It
highlights and summarises the Plan’s relationship with other
policies, plans and programmes.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
The chapter also identifies the key environmental, social
Chapter 9 focuses on the delivery and implementation of
approach to appraisal and assessment in which economic and
and economic issues for the County Borough that have been
the land use allocations contained in the plan and explains how
social issues have been considered alongside environmental
Plan 2006-2021
identified through consultation and the analysis of the evidence
the Council will monitor site activity through an online database.
base. Only those issues that are capable of being influenced or
addressed through the LDP have been included.
1.2.10 The Proposals Map shows, on an Ordinance Survey Map
The SA incorporating the SEA has been an iterative process
base, the geographical location and extent of the various land use
throughout the Plan preparation process and policies and
Chapter 2 sets out the Vision together with four strategic
allocations and designations in the Plan.
proposals in the LDP reflects this.
objectives that have been identified for Bridgend County Borough
to provide an expression of the priorities for the LDP. Each strategic
1.2.11 A range of Supporting Documentation has been prepared
The Habitats Regulations Assessment (HRA)
objective is supported by a range of specific objectives. In
to complement and support the policies and proposals of the Plan.
combination these seek to address Bridgend’s distinctive
These include:
The Council has also undertaken a HRA of the LDP. The
environmental, social and economic characteristics and maximise
HRA determines the likely significant effects of the Plan on
available land-use opportunities in a way that complements the
Sustainability Appraisal / Strategic Environmental Assessment
European Sites of nature conservation importance and, if
priorities of the Council’s Community Strategy.
Report (SA/SEA Report);
applicable, scope what needs “appropriate assessment” (AA) and
Habitats Regulations Assessment Screening Report;
how it will be undertaken. In summary, this report made a detailed
This chapter proceeds to set out the LDP Strategy and
Consultation Report;
assessment of the likelihood of significant impact of LDP policies
how this works on the ground to guide future development and
Background Papers.
on 10 international sites in and around Bridgend County Borough.
land use in the County Borough during the plan period. It identifies
The HRA concluded that although some land-use policies may
the four Strategic Regeneration Growth Areas (SRGAs) and other
need to mitigate against potential adverse impacts, none were
Local Development Plan Process
strategic elements including four Strategic Employment Sites which
considered likely to have a significant effect either alone or in
are crucial to the implementation of the strategy. A description of
combination with other plans, projects or programmes.
The LDP process is divided into 7 main stages:
how these elements link together to deliver the vision and objectives
of the Plan is also included.
1. Review and Development of an Evidence Base;
The Area Covered by the LDP
2. Delivery Agreement;
Chapters 3 - 6 are based on the four strategic objectives
3. Pre-Deposit Plan Preparation;
The LDP covers the whole of the County Borough of
and associated strategic policies which contain general criteria
4. Deposit Plan;
Bridgend. The County Borough is a Unitary Authority and lies at
against which planning proposals will be considered having regard
5. Submission and Examination;
the geographical heart of South Wales. It is bordered by Neath
to the LDP’s Vision, strategic objectives and specific objectives.
6. Inspectors Report of Findings; and
Port Talbot County Borough to the west and north, Rhondda Cynon
Each of the strategic policies is supported by a specific justification
7. Adoption.
Taf County Borough to the north and north east, and by the Vale of
for its formulation. Each of the chapters include detailed Borough-
Glamorgan Council to the east. It has an area of about 25,500ha,
wide, area specific and topic/criteria-based policies that are
As an adopted plan, the Council is required to prepare an
and has a population of approximately 134,200 according to the
grouped together to complement the strategic policies and
Annual Monitoring Report (AMR) for consideration by the Welsh
2009 Mid Year Population Estimate.
strategic objectives.
The County Borough extends approximately 20km from
Area specific policies help deliver the LDP’s Strategy on
In addition to fulfilling each of the stages in the plan making
east to west, encompassing the Ogmore, Garw and Llynfi valleys
the ground and include specific land use allocations on the LDP
process the Council is also required to assess the environmental
to the north, and bordering the Bristol Channel to the south. The
Proposals Map. Topic/criteria-based policies set out the framework
and sustainability aspects of the LDP. This has been achieved by
main settlements are the towns of Bridgend and Maesteg and the
for assessing any future proposals. In order to avoid repeating
the following.
seaside resort of Porthcawl. Bridgend is the largest of these
national guidance the number of criteria based policies has been
settlements and is the administrative centre for the area.
kept to a minimum. Each policy is supported by a specific
The Sustainability Appraisal (SA) and Strategic Environmental
justification and appropriate cross-referencing where necessary.
Assessment (SEA) Process
The County Borough has an excellent transportation
infrastructure with the M4 motorway traversing the southern part
Chapter 7 outlines the detailed monitoring framework for
The LDP has been the subject to Sustainability Appraisal
of the County Borough in an east-west alignment, providing fast
the Plan. It sets out monitoring targets and indicators that are to
(SA) incorporating Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)
road access to Cardiff, Swansea, the rest of South Wales and
be used as a basis for assessing the effectiveness of the Plan
as required by the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004
beyond. Additionally, an inter-city high speed rail service linking
during future implementation.
and the SEA Regulations. These are tools to ensure that policies
the area with the whole of the national rail network provides fast
in the LDP deliver sustainable development which is a fundamental
and efficient rail transport, whilst Cardiff-Wales Airport is only 19
Chapter 8 outlines the Supplementary Planning Guidance
purpose of the plan and take into account any significant effects
kilometres away.
(SPG) which has been or will be produced to supplement and
expand upon the relevant policies in the LDP.
on the environment. The Council has adopted an integrated
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
A comprehensive review of the spatial context of the County
The Revised Countryside Strategy for Bridgend;
NR 5 In acknowledging that the topography of the northern part
Borough is set out in Background Paper 1: The National, Regional
Swansea Bay Shoreline Management Plan;
of the County Borough lends itself to making a contribution towards
Plan 2006-2021
and Local Context.
Communities First Action Plans;
wind-powered renewable energy targets, the LDP will need to
Bridgend County Borough Walking and Cycling Strategy.
designate locally-refined Strategic Search Areas, whereas the
The National, Regional and Local Policy Context
remainder of the County Borough will have a role to play in
contributing to the aims of the Renewable Energy Route Map for
Key Issues in Bridgend County Borough
The LDP is one of a range of national, regional and local
plans, strategies and policy statements that provides the
The key issues identified through the LDP preparation
NR 6 Bridgend County Borough should support the less
framework for planning in the County Borough.
process have directly informed the development of the LDP Vision,
prosperous parts of South East Wales by maintaining a long term
Objectives and Strategy. The key issues set out in this section
local supply of land for employment which is well located and
The Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 requires
have been identified following:
accessible, realistic and deliverable and offers sufficient diversity
the Council to prepare an LDP and, in so doing, to have regard to
of choice.
its Community Strategy and national policy, including the Wales
A review of baseline social, economic and environmental
Spatial Plan (WSP). The LDP Regulations prescribe that LDPs
NR 7 The LDP should identify and safeguard the appropriate
must have regard to the Waste Strategy for Wales and Regional
The results of consultation;
amount of aggregates and coal reserves as identified in the
Waste Plans, Regional Transport Plan and Local Housing
Sustainability Appraisal / Strategic Environmental Assessment.
Regional Technical Statement for Aggregates and national minerals
Strategies. The LDP must have regard to this policy framework to
technical guidance.
pass the tests of soundness.
The review of the available data supports the issues
identified through the pre-deposit consultation process and SA/
The Key Local Needs and Issues
The national, regional and local policy framework that has
SEA. The analysis provides a clear picture of the social, economic
helped inform the Plan is detailed in Background Paper 1 and
and environmental issues which need to be addressed through
Having taken into account the Local Spatial and Policy
summarised below:
the LDP process. The key needs and issues identified are as
Context, and a general review of baseline information, the following
key local needs and issues (prefixed with LS) have been identified
Planning Policy Wales;
as having strategic land-use implications for the Bridgend LDP:
Minerals Planning Policy Wales;
The Key National and Regional Needs and Issues:
Technical Advice Notes;
Environmental Issues
Minerals Technical Advice Notes;
Having taken into account the relevant national and regional
The Wales Spatial Plan Update: People, Places, Futures (July
policy context, the following needs and issues (prefixed by NR)
LS 1
The County Borough contains nationally, regionally and
have been identified which have strategic land-use implications
locally important landscapes and coastal scenery and a wide
Environment Strategy for Wales;
for the Bridgend LDP:
range of biodiversity and nature conservation interests which
Regional Technical Statement for Aggregates;
require identification and protection in the LDP.
South West Wales Regional Waste Plan;
NR 1 Recognition that Bridgend, Maesteg and Porthcawl-Pyle
South East Wales Regional Transport Plan;
act as hubs for services, employment, housing and retail
LS 2
The rich built heritage and historic environment of the
Bright Futures - A Community Strategy for Bridgend County;
developments, whose success will spread prosperity to their
County Borough requires protection in the LDP.
Bridgend County Borough Council Corporate Improvement Plan;
surrounding communities.
Fit for the Future, Bridgend County Borough’s Regeneration
LS 3
The three Valley areas are under increasing pressure from
NR 2 Bridgend in particular, building on its existing status as the
proposed wind farm developments.
The Bridgend Health, Social Care & Wellbeing Strategy;
major service centre for the Llynfi, Ogmore and Garw Valleys,
Bridgend County Children and Young People’s Plan;
should seek to perform a greater sub-regional role as an
LS 4
Significant areas along all the main rivers and watercourses
Bridgend Local Housing Strategy;
employment and service centre to reduce the overall need to travel.
of the County Borough are identified as being at risk of flooding.
Bridgend Sustainable Economic Regeneration Strategy and
The existing urban areas of Aberkenfig and Pencoed are highly
Action Plan;
NR 3 Porthcawl, in its pivotal position on the Swansea Bay
constrained by flood plains. There is also a risk of tidal flooding
Never Too Old - Joint Strategy for Older People Living in
waterfront, should maintain and enhance its role as a vibrant and
and storm surges in parts of Porthcawl and along the coast.
Bridgend County Borough;
distinctive tourism and leisure destination.
Bridgend County Borough Tourism Strategy;
LS 5
Many of the County Borough’s stretches of river are at risk
Bridgend Community Safety Partnership Crime and Disorder
NR 4 The valleys , whilst facing economic and social challenges
of having poor water quality through ‘point source pollution’.
should aim to become attractive yet affordable places containing
Bridgend Local Health Board Primary Care Estates Strategy;
a mix and balance of housing with sustainable transport links to
Local Biodiversity Action Plan;
the larger settlements to access jobs and services.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
LS 6
There is a risk of poor air quality along the M4 corridor
LS 18 There is a shortage of general employment land in Porthcawl,
visitors to enjoy the exceptional scenery, fascinating history, and
where it crosses the County Borough.
and the Valleys.
various activities the areas have to offer.
Plan 2006-2021
LS 7
Parts of the highway network experience congestion
LS 19 Bridgend town centre is currently under-performing in its role
The LDP needs to ensure that these places are fit for the
especially at peak times with corresponding impact on road safety.
as a sub regional centre and needs to attract further retail investment.
purpose of delivering the services and facilities that are required to
There is also a lack of major retailer representation in Porthcawl.
meet their own needs and that of their hinterlands and surrounding
LS 8
No significant landfill capacity currently exists for waste
communities. In accessing these, the LDP should seek to ensure
disposal in the County Borough. Appropriate sites for new waste
LS 20 In the three Valley areas and Pyle - Kenfig Hill, the district
that all areas are well served by public transport.
processing facilities to meet both local and regional needs for the
centres are dispersed over a wide area containing a high percentage
future will require identification in the LDP.
of residential units with sometimes no identifiable core area of activity
The environment has also emerged as a strong theme. This
which is leading them to the point of terminal decline.
includes preserving the natural and historic beauty of the County
Social Issues
Borough in its rural, urban and coastal forms. This environment has
LS 21 There is a need to build on the success of smaller retail areas
been and will continue to be used by man to the benefit of energy and
LS 9
Housing choice in the Garw and Ogmore Valleys is limited.
at the neighbourhood or community level of provision especially where
resource generation. However it also has been abused in the past in
these can be co-ordinated with co-located social, educational and
terms of contamination and pollution. The LDP will need to ensure
LS 10 The estimated annual need for affordable housing in the
community facilities.
that these issues are tackled whilst sustainably managing the
County Borough far exceeds the average annual level of general
environment to harness its potential.
housing completions. In the three valleys and Porthcawl there has
LS 22 The majority of visitors to the County Borough only stay for
been minimal provision of affordable housing.
one day and only a small percentage stay in serviced accommodation.
Many areas of the County Borough are subject to ongoing
The varied landscape together with the natural, historic and built
regeneration strategies, plans and projects. The LDP will therefore
LS 11 There is a shortfall in the provision of extra care housing
environment of the County Borough presents numerous opportunities
need to ensure that the economic decline experienced in some areas
and of smaller dwellings and in particular two bedroom properties,
for tourism related developments.
is addressed by providing appropriately located land and premises
in both the affordable and general purpose housing markets
to accommodate new and expanded businesses. Retailing and
across the County Borough.
commercial centres at all levels will need to provide appropriate
Translating the Issues - Strategy Development
ranges of services and facilities. The 3 main town centres of the
LS 12 Many parts of the County Borough, especially in the Valley
County Borough are the main focus for business and commercial
The LDP seeks to resolve and, where appropriate, address
communities, are among the most deprived areas of Wales, with
activity and will need to ensure the services they provide are befitting
the above issues through policies and effective monitoring, assisted
low levels of access to facilities and services particularly for
of their role in the regional hierarchy. Bridgend town centre in particular
by national planning policy where appropriate.
children, young and older people.
will need to play an enhanced role to that which it has previously
The settlement of Bridgend has and will increasingly play a
LS 13 The Valleys Gateway is geographically central to the County
significant role in the delivery of higher level services to the sub region,
Borough and easily accessible, and is therefore the preferred
The communities of the County Borough will need to have
as well as being a sustainable location within which to focus
location for many facilities that can serve a much wider catchment.
an appropriate range of housing which collectively meets the needs
development where such services can be readily accessed without
of the projected population of the area by 2021. In meeting these
the need to travel.
LS 14 There are deficiencies in outdoor sport, children’s playing
requirements the LDP will also need to ensure that the residents of
space, accessible natural open space and allotment provision
these new and existing communities have access to, and be
Maesteg, Porthcawl and the combined settlements of the
within the County Borough, particularly in the large urban centres.
adequately served by, an appropriate range of services and
Valleys Gateway also play a strategic role within the County Borough
community facilities including recreation, leisure, health and education.
as focus points for services, transport and community activity.
Economic Issues
Porthcawl equally plays an important role as a leisure and tourism
1.7.9 TAN20 requires local planning authorities to have regard to
destination and this will be enhanced in the future.
LS 15 The Porthcawl Regeneration Strategy will need to be
the needs and interests of the Welsh language in preparing LDPs.
delivered to revitalise the town as a premier seaside resort.
The Council has concluded that given the relatively low levels of Welsh
The Valleys communities themselves consist of a large
language use across the County Borough, it is not considered that
number of individual communities with strong local characteristics
LS 16 The economy of Bridgend County Borough is more reliant
major development proposals will materially affect the linguistic
which have faced, and will continue to face, challenging times. Through
on the manufacturing sector than Wales as a whole.
balance of the area, to the detriment of Welsh language use within its
continued initiatives and building on their strong sense of community,
communities. This issue will therefore not be addressed by specific
these areas will be assisted to become more economically resilient,
LS 17 There is a mismatch in the current location of employment
policies in the LDP. However, under the provisions of TAN20, the
and environmentally and socially regenerated to provide appropriate
sites in the County Borough and the areas of higher deprivation
Welsh language will remain a material consideration in the develop-
facilities and services for the local community whilst welcoming
especially in the Valleys.
ment management decision making process.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Local Development Plan Strategy
Plan 2006-2021
Local Development Plan Vision
This section sets out the LDP Vision for 2021 - what the
LDP is working towards - and the Objectives - how the Vision
will be achieved.
LDP Wales advises that, in preparing an over-arching Vision
for the LDP, authorities should incorporate the land-use aspects
of their Community Strategy which may include identifying priority
The LDP Manual states that where that over-arching
document is of limited spatial relevance the LPA will need to
generate a spatial vision for the LDP.
The LDP Vision has therefore been developed to take into
account the Community Strategy together with the specific spatial
characteristics and key issues affecting the County Borough.
By 2021, Bridgend County Borough will be transformed
to become a sustainable, safe, healthy and inclusive
network of communities comprising strong,
interdependent and connected settlements that can
offer opportunities, an improved quality of life and
environment for all people living, working, visiting and
relaxing in the area.
The catalysts for this transformation will be:
a successful regional employment, commercial and
service centre in Bridgend;
a vibrant waterfront and tourist destination in
a revitalised Maesteg;
a realisation of the strategic potential of the Valleys
Gateway; and
thriving Valley communities.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Local Development Plan Objectives
To produce high quality sustainable
To protect and enhance the
Plan 2006-2021
The LDP Vision will be delivered through four strategic LDP
National Regional Issues:
NR1, NR2, NR3, NR4, NR5, NR6
National Regional Issues:
NR5, NR7
objectives which seek to address the national, regional and local
issues facing the County Borough. These four strategic objectives
LS3, LS4, LS6, LS7, LS9, LS10,
LS1, LS2, LS3, LS4, LS5, LS6, LS7,
Local and Sub Area Issues:
Local and Sub Area Issues:
are at the centre of the LDP and form the basis for its policy
LS12, LS13, LS15, LS18, LS19, LS20
development. They are:
To produce high quality sustainable Places.
OBJ 1a
To promote Bridgend as the key principal settlement
OBJ 2a
To promote, conserve and enhance the natural,
To protect and enhance the Environment.
of the County Borough where major employment,
historic and built environment of the County Borough.
To spread prosperity and opportunity through
commercial and residential development is focused.
(NR5, LS1, LS2, LS3, LS4, LS5, LS6)
(NR1, NR2, NR6, LS19)
To create safe, healthy and inclusive Communities.
OBJ 2b To safeguard the quality of water, air and soil and
OBJ 1b To revitalise Maesteg by recognising its role as the
tackle all sources of pollution.
In formulating the 4 strategic objectives for the LDP the
principal settlement serving the Llynfi Valley which
(LS5, LS6, LS7)
following specific objectives have been identified:
has the potential capacity and infrastructure to
accommodate future growth.
OBJ 2c
To manage development in order to avoid or
(NR1, NR4, LS3, LS10, LS12, LS18, LS20)
minimise the risk and fear of flooding and enable and
improve the functionality of floodplains.
OBJ 1c
To realise the potential of Porthcawl as a premier
seaside and tourist destination which capitalises on
the regeneration of its waterfront.
OBJ 2d To meet the Council’s regional and local commit-
(NR1, NR3, LS10, LS15, LS18, LS19)
ments for mineral resources, waste management
and waste disposal.
OBJ 1d To recognise the strategic potential of the Valleys
(NR7, LS8)
Gateway to provide for future development and
facilities serving the whole of the County Borough.
OBJ 2e To contribute towards the energy needs of Wales
(LS4, LS6, LS13)
with a focus on the promotion of renewable energy.
(NR5, LS3)
OBJ 1e To promote sustainable and attractive valley settle-
ments with improved access to jobs and services.
(NR4, NR5, LS3, LS9, LS10, LS12, LS18, LS20)
OBJ 1f
To reduce traffic growth, congestion and commuting
levels whilst promoting the safe and efficient use of
the transport network.
(LS6, LS7)
To support integrated transport solutions and
measures that will encourage modal shift to more
sustainable forms of transport for people and freight.
(LS6, LS7)
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Diagram 2.2 highlights the linkages between the various
To spread prosperity through
To create safe, healthy and inclusive
stakeholders, data sources and policy documents which have
Plan 2006-2021
assisted in identifying the issues facing the County Borough for
National Regional Issues:
NR1, NR2, NR3, NR4, NR6
National Regional Issues:
NR1, NR4, NR6
the LDP as well as formulating the Vision, Objectives and Strategy
contained in the plan.
Local and Sub Area Issues:
LS15, LS16, LS17, LS18, LS19,
Local and Sub Area Issues:
LS10, LS11, LS12, LS13, LS14,
LS20, LS21, LS22
LS17, LS21
OBJ 3a
To build a more diverse, dynamic and self reliant
OBJ 4a To provide a land use framework that recognises
economy and business environment.
the needs of deprived areas within the County
(NR1, NR2, NR6, LS16, LS17, LS18)
Borough, which affords those communities the
opportunities to tackle the sources of their deprivation.
OBJ 3b To provide a realistic level and variety of employment
(NR4, NR6, LS12. LS17)
land to facilitate the delivery of high quality work-
spaces and job opportunities.
OBJ 4b To ensure that there is equality of access to
(NR1, NR2, LNR6, LS16, LS17, LS18)
community services for all sectors of the community,
addressing the particular needs of children the
OBJ 3c
To bring the benefits of regeneration to the valley
young, older people and the less able.
communities by directing new development to those
(LS12, LS13, LS14)
areas at a scale which acknowledges their geographi-
cal constraints and infrastructure capacity.
OBJ 4c
To deliver the level and type of residential development
(NR4, LS9, LS17, LS18, LS20)
to meet the identified needs of the County Borough
ensuring that a significant proportion is affordable and
OBJ 3d To capitalise upon the environmental assets and
accessible to all.
tourism potential of Porthcawl to encourage people
(NR1, NR4, LS9, LS10, LS11)
to visit and stay in the County Borough.
(NR3, LS15, LS18, LS19, LS22)
OBJ 4d To provide for the required quantity and range of
accessible leisure, recreational, health, social and
OBJ 3e To enable Bridgend Town to become an attractive and
community facilities throughout the County Borough.
successful regional retail and commercial destin-
(LS14, LS21)
ation which meets the needs of its catchment.
(NR1, NR2, LS19)
OBJ 3f
To support viable town and district centres in the
County Borough which are attractive and economically
(LS19, LS20)
OBJ 3g To protect and promote the role of smaller shopping
centres and freestanding local shops in the County
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
The LDP Strategy
Plan 2006-2021
Local Policies
National Policies
LDP Key Stake-
This section sets out the LDP Strategy (including the
and Strategies
and Strategies
holder Forum
Strategic Diagram). The LDP Strategy, which includes the
Strategic Policies, provides the core framework to meet the
development needs of the County Borough, and is the tool which
Regional Policies
the Council will use to achieve the LDP Vision and Strategic
and Strategies
Objectives. The Strategy has been derived having regard to the
National, Regional, Local and Sub Area Issues
Evidence Base
national, regional and local policy context as well as social,
economic and environmental factors.
Wales Spatial Plan
In order to achieve the Vision and Objectives of the LDP
the Council will follow a Regeneration-Led Spatial Strategy
By 2021, Bridgend County Borough will be transformed to become
that incorporates a level of growth for the County Borough which
Local Service
a sustainable, safe, healthy and inclusive network of communities
broadly balances the housing and social needs of the existing
comprising strong, interdependent and connected settlements that
and future population with that of the economy and the
can offer opportunities, an improved quality of life and environment
for all people living, working, visiting and relaxing in the area.
The catalysts for this transformation will be:
a successful regional employment, commercial and service centre
What is the Regeneration-Led Spatial Strategy?
in Bridgend;
a vibrant waterfront and tourist destination in Porthcawl;
‘Regeneration’ in the context of the LDP’s Regeneration-
a revitalised Maesteg;
a realisation of the strategic potential of the Valleys Gateway; and
Led Spatial Strategy, is defined as an overarching and balanced
thriving Valley communities.
process that delivers investment and opportunity to areas and
communities within the County Borough of previous or current
decline, to improve their physical, economic and social fabric.
In the context of the County Borough, regeneration needs
To produce high
To protect and
To spread
To create safe,
and priorities relate to the development of specific sites that are
quality sustainable
enhance the
prosperity through
healthy and inclusive
key to the success of the County Borough, including those that
are in need of redevelopment and investment, and sustaining wider
communities that are in particular need of regeneration and growth
to stem acknowledged and continuing decline.
The Regeneration-Led Spatial Strategy puts in place a
LDP Objectives
policy framework that can best deliver the regeneration needs of
the County Borough in order for it to prosper and fully realise its
Consideration of Growth
& Spatial Options
The LDP Strategy has been developed to provide a land
use framework, which will help realise the regeneration aspirations
and priorities of the Council, and will make the most meaningful
contribution with respect to securing social, environmental and
economic benefits for the communities of the County Borough.
Local Development Plan (LDP)
Local Development Plan Strategic Linkages
Diagram 2.2
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
In recognition of the regeneration needs and priorities of
2.3.10 Within these areas there are individual sites which may
the County Borough, the Council already has in place and is
already have the benefit of planning permission or are the subject
Plan 2006-2021
developing a range of site-specific and area based Strategies,
of development briefs or master planning exercises to facilitate
Regeneration Activity
Programmes and initiatives (Diagram 2.3). One of the main
delivery and their regeneration. A substantial number of these sites
functions of the LDP Regeneration-Led Strategy is to help deliver
are brownfield in character or under-utilised in their present
Bridgend County Borough
these identified priorities and needs, where they have land-use
capacity. The reuse of brownfield and under-utilised land in this
implications and requirements.
way is viewed by the government as a key to creating a more
sustainable pattern of development. The government supports
Focused Regeneration
the concentration of development for uses which generate a large
number of trips in locations supported by good public transport
Regeneration Sites
Area Based Plans,
facilities. Therefore the overall preference of the LDP Strategy is
which include:-
Programmes &
The regeneration-related activities in the County Borough
for the development of land within urban areas, especially on
are widespread and the deliverability of some of these could be
enhanced and secured in whole or in part by directing new
previously developed ‘brownfield’ sites, before considering the
Porthcawl Waterfront
Western Valleys Strategic
development to specific areas. Taking into account the spatial
development of greenfield sites.
Regeneration Area
Regeneration Area
distribution of regeneration activities and needs, development is
Fit for the Future: Bridgend
2.3.11 The level of development and growth has taken into
North East Brackla
directed to settlements and parts of the County Borough which
Regeneration Strategy
account how much development would be required to have a
will benefit the most and where there are opportunities for securing
the greatest positive impacts and benefits of growth.
significant regenerative effect, the availability of sites for
Llynfi Valley Area
development in that area, existing settlement patterns, having
Regeneration Plan (VARP)
Town Centre Sites
In line with the above, four Strategic Regeneration
regard to the social and economic function and identity of
Ogmore VARP
settlements and to relevant environmental considerations.
Growth Areas (SRGAs) at:
Parc Afon Ewenni
Coity Road Sidings
Bridgend Town Centre
Land west of Maesteg
Maesteg and the Llynfi Valley; and
Road, Tondu
Maesteg Town Centre
The Valleys Gateway
Gateway to the Valleys
together with four Strategic Employment Sites at:
Caerau Housing Renewal
Former Maesteg
Porthcawl 7 Bays Project
Brocastle, Waterton, Bridgend
Washery Site
Island Farm, Bridgend
Pencoed Regeneration
Pencoed Technology Park, Pencoed
Ty Draw Farm, North Cornelly
Reclamation Site
Communities First Areas
Ewenny Road, Maesteg
School Modernisation
have been identified which, collectively, will deliver a range of
Regeneration Area
mixed-use developments and facilities, the implementation of
which will contribute significantly to fulfilling the LDP Vision and
its Objectives.
Land-use policy framework
that can best deliver the regeneration
needs of the County Borough
Regeneration in Bridgend County Borough
Diagram 2.3
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Benefits of Growth
Regeneration-Led Spatial Strategy on the Ground
2.3.18 In terms of employment, the Strategy allows for Bridgend’s
strategic locational advantages in terms of accessibility along the
Plan 2006-2021
2.3.12 Focusing housing, retailing and employment growth in the
Bridgend and Pencoed
M4 corridor to continue to be recognised as an asset to grow
four SRGAs enables economic benefits to be felt across the
jobs and commercial activity. The existing Industrial Estates of
County Borough, whilst protecting the social and environmental
2.3.14 The Regeneration-Led Spatial Strategy places significant
Bridgend (REG1(2)) and Waterton (REG1(8)) will continue to fulfil
qualities of communities; the concept enshrined in the Wales
emphasis on Bridgend and defines it as the Primary Key
this wider employment function and be protected from alternative
Spatial Plan.
Settlement (PLA1) of the County Borough, supporting its sub-
uses whilst further opportunities exist for promoting strategic
regional role and its identification in the Wales Spatial Plan as a
employment sites at Brocastle (SP9(1)) and Island Farm (SP9(2))
2.3.13 The specific benefits to the County Borough have been
‘key settlement’, serving as the main retail, commercial, service
which will consolidate and provide the opportunity to enhance
outlined in the following section. Table 2.3 summarises these.
and employment centre for the whole of the County Borough.
Bridgend’s role as a major focus for employment and new inward
2.3.15 Bridgend Town Centre is positioned at the top of the retail
Strategic Regeneration Growth Area
and commercial hierarchy of the County Borough and is defined
2.3.19 Although not identified as an area of significant growth,
as a Sub-Regional Centre (SP10). In terms of its retail,
Pencoed is seen as an important settlement and defined as a
commercial and service role, the Strategy enables the ongoing
Main Settlement in the hierarchy with important retail, community
Whole of
Increased levels of
regeneration of the town centre through continued conservation-
service and employment provision that meets the needs of its
County Borough,
services and facilities;
led environmental improvements, better accessibility (PLA7) with
population and the surrounding area.
Sub Region
access to transport,
the overall aim of increasing its retail, commercial and leisure
and Pencoed
education, sub regional
offer. This is to be achieved by the identification of key retail and
2.3.20 It will benefit from smaller scale proposals and projects
retailing and major
commercial development sites (REG9) which are of a scale
being progressed in the Pencoed Regeneration Strategy and
required to attract significant retail provision in order that the town
Action Plan. The LDP policies and proposals recognise the land-
can cater fully for its catchment and stem the existing leakage of
use elements of the projects being brought forward such as the
retail expenditure.
mixed use retail and residential development at the former surgery
Maesteg and
Llynfi Valley
Increased levels of local
site (PLA3(19)), a new Park and Ride and other community and
Llynfi Valley
housing, employment
2.3.16 The Strategy acknowledges that the success and vibrancy
recreation proposals which aim to improve the environment,
and retailing
of the town centre also depends on increasing the level of footfall.
accessibility and social wellbeing of the community.
The Strategy will achieve this by encouraging a mix of uses within
Valleys Gateway
Ogmore and
Increased access to
the town centre, strengthening its already attractive environmental
2.3.21 Pencoed will continue to benefit from its proximity along
Garw Valley
local housing, education,
character, and promoting residential development within walking
the A473 to the significant areas of growth and opportunity identified
retail and employment
distance of the town and its facilities. Sites have been identified
within Bridgend, especially in terms of access to jobs and higher
opportunities as well as
at Brackla Street (COM1(12)), Queen Street (COM1(15)), Jubilee
level services, enabled by its rail access, the M4 and strategic
recreation provision and
Crescent (COM1(8)), Cowbridge Road (COM1(5)) and Coity
highway improvements along the A473. Also building on Pencoed’s
other social community
Sidings (COM1(4)) , which as well as allowing for the development
direct access to the M4 at Junction 35, the Strategy recognises
of currently underutilised and brownfield sites for beneficial use
this locational asset by continuing to identify Pencoed Technology
in their own right, will underpin the vitality and retail-led regeneration
Park (SP9(3)) as a Strategic Employment Site, where a significant
Whole of
Enhanced tourism and
of the town centre.
redevelopment opportunity exists to create a high quality B1
County Borough
leisure facilities, services
Business Park within part of the under-utilised former Sony factory
and Sub Region
and accommodation
2.3.17 Outside of the town centre the Strategy acknowledges the
site, complementing the adjacent employment development in
North Cornelly/
Increased access to
extent of existing commitments and the significant opportunities
Rhondda Cynon Taf.
Pyle/Kenfig Hill
local housing and retail
that exist on greenfield, large-scale brownfield and under-utilised
sites within the wider urban area of Bridgend. These commitments
and opportunities will allow the area to grow sustainably in terms
Reciprocal employment
of future employment and housing, whilst at the same time
benefit to Porthcawl of
protecting the environment, the countryside setting, and the
Strategic Employment
individual identities of the smaller settlements of Laleston, Penyfai,
Site at Ty Draw Farm
Coity and Coychurch.
Benefits of Growth
Table 2.3
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Focused Regeneration - Bridgend SRGA
walking and cycling routes (PLA7) and also by means of a new
Porthcawl and Pyle/North Cornelly/Kenfig Hill
railway station (PLA7(17)) and park and ride facility (PLA7(20)) to
Plan 2006-2021
2.3.22 The ‘arc’ of opportunity defined as the Bridgend Strategic
jointly serve the residential area of Brackla and Bridgend Industrial
2.3.29 The Regeneration-Led Spatial Strategy will maintain
Regeneration Growth Area is primarily focused to the north and
Estate immediately to the south. This proposal is included in the
Porthcawl‘s role as a Main Settlement (PLA1) in the County
east of Bridgend town centre. In the north it encompasses a
Regional Transport Plan and will directly link Brackla, a community
Borough and will allow it to redefine itself as a premier tourist
large-scale, previously committed, but as yet largely undeveloped,
in excess of 4000 existing homes with Bridgend Industrial Estate
destination. Porthcawl Town Centre (SP10) is seen as an integral
residential area at Parc Derwen (PLA3(1)), which is located
(REG1(2)), one of the largest industrial estates in South Wales,
element in the retail hierarchy, supporting the Sub-Regional Centre
immediately south of Junction 36 of the M4. Parc Derwen will
making it a highly sustainable and accessible destination benefiting
of Bridgend, providing an important focus for retailing and services
create a sustainable community of approximately 1500 new
the wider region and the County Borough as a whole.
for residents. The Strategy will deliver a more sustainable
market and affordable dwellings (COM1(1)) , a new primary
community that can better serve its immediate catchment and
school (COM10(2)) with community and recreation facilities, and
2.3.27 Immediately south and building on the accessibility of
spread the benefits of its tourism-led regeneration to the nearby
a new district centre ( REG5(1) that will serve the new community
Bridgend Industrial Estate, the Strategy focuses on the strategically
settlements of Pyle, North and South Cornelly and Kenfig Hill.
and is the subject of an approved Development Brief.
located site of Parc Afon Ewenni (PLA3(4)), a significant brownfield
This is as envisaged in the Wales Spatial Plan, which defines
and underutilised employment site which stretches along the A473
Porthcawl and Pyle/North Cornelly area as a ‘linked’ key settlement.
2.3.23 The Strategy also responds to the complex and uncertain
corridor from the existing residential community of Waterton in
needs of the future by introducing greater flexibility on former
the east to Waterton Roundabout in the west. The small residential
2.3.30 As a linked settlement their relationship and benefits of
employment-only sites such as North East Brackla Regeneration
area at Waterton is currently isolated within the urban area of
growth are seen as being reciprocal and complementary. Pyle/
Area (PLA3(2)), Coity Road Sidings (PLA3(3)) and Parc Afon
Bridgend and lacks any facilities to serve its existing residents.
North Cornelly is the focus of more traditional employment at
Ewenni (PLA3(4)) thereby enabling the market to respond to the
The proposed mixed-use development of the Parc Afon Ewenni
Village Farm (REG1(36)) and South Cornelly (REG 1(34)),
changing and challenging economic landscape by identifying a
Site represents an opportunity to build a viable and more
serving the western part of the County Borough, and the Strategy
series of mixed-use schemes and development capable of
sustainable community by accommodating additional residential
will maintain and enhance this function offering scope for further
responding flexibly to existing need and future requirements.
development (COM1(3)) served by a commercial hub, community
employment provision. The Strategy further develops this
and recreation facilities. The Strategy enables the overall
‘employment’ role by defining Ty Draw Farm (SP9(4)) at Pyle, an
2.3.24 The North East Brackla Regeneration Area (PLA3(2)),
regeneration of the Parc Afon Ewenni site to be developed in a
accessible greenfield site close to Junction 37 of the M4, as a
based around the Brackla and Litchard Industrial Estates, provides
phased manner according to a comprehensive but flexible
Strategic Employment Site.
the focus for an employment-led mixed-use regeneration scheme.
development framework that will deliver future residential,
This scheme will retain and provide additional jobs and homes
commercial and business space. At its western extent close to
2.3.31 The key attractor of Porthcawl is its environment. It is an
and flexible commercial and recreation facilities to serve the new
Waterton Roundabout a ‘landmark’ building is envisaged.
area of high scenic beauty and biodiversity, enhanced by its
community, the industrial estates, the village of Coity to the north
coastal location, and characterful town centre and seafront. It
and the existing residential community of Brackla to the south.
2.3.28 The site is located immediately adjacent to the A473 and
offers accessible sandy beaches and surf for active pursuits and
The development is the subject of a Development Brief, and the
represents an important gateway to Bridgend from Junction 35 of
a base for touring South Wales. It is therefore important that the
LDP will ensure that the site’s regeneration comes forward in a
the M4 and from Cardiff and Cowbridge along the A48. Careful
Strategy ensures that any development balances the interests of
comprehensive and phased way which is integrated with
regeneration of this environmentally degraded and under-utilised
tourism with that of the environment, which is key to the area’s
surrounding development.
site has the potential to raise the image of the whole of Bridgend,
as well as creating valuable additional jobs, homes and other
2.3.25 The existing Brackla residential area is also the focus of
commercial opportunities in a landscaped and comprehensively
2.3.32 The delivery of the Strategy for this area is linked to the
new investment, in the form of the new Archbishop McGrath
developed environment.
wider implementation of the 7 Bays Project. This project relates
Secondary school which has community facilities that serve the
to an area encompassing a wide coastal belt between Merthyr
surrounding area. Dedicated community changing rooms have
Mawr Warren to the east, taking in the entire urban area of
been incorporated into the development, so that the sports
Porthcawl itself and extending to Kenfig Burrows and the boundary
facilities at the school can be utilised by the community outside
of Bridgend County Borough with that of Neath Port Talbot to the
of school hours. The adjoining sports fields, which will also be
west. It is envisaged that a number of sensitive tourism related
used by the school, were upgraded as part of the project.
projects could be promoted and brought forward by means of a
Regeneration Action Plan for the Seven Bays Project Area. The
2.3.26 The Strategy recognises the potential to increase
LDP Strategy will ensure that any development outside of the urban
accessibility throughout this ‘linked’ area by means of enhanced
area fully respects landscape and biodiversity interests and
mitigates any adverse effects, giving proper protection to those
highly sensitive areas of international importance.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Focused Regeneration - Porthcawl SRGA
2.3.37 The project area overlaps and is closely linked to the town
Maesteg and the Llynfi Valley
centre, which will continue to benefit from environmental
Plan 2006-2021
2.3.33 A significant element of the 7 Bays Project and therefore
improvements. Links from the town centre will secure improved
2.3.42 Maesteg is the second largest town in the County Borough
the success of the LDP Strategy for Porthcawl, is dependent on
accessibility and the newly defined retail and commercial area
and defined as a Key Hub settlement in the Wales Spatial Plan.
the delivery of the Porthcawl Waterfront Regeneration Area (PLA3(8))
will be the focus of any new retail development. A new foodstore
This major regeneration project, on the town’s waterfront, is
(REG9(6)) will link to John Street and the town centre with additional
2.3.43 As a Key Hub Settlement, Maesteg should function as a
the strategic focus of growth and opportunity for Porthcawl.
opportunities for other retail units to increase diversity and the
focus for development benefitting surrounding valley communities
Tourism and leisure related development will provide the main
viability of the town centre by means of new active retail frontages
and smaller settlements and has been identified as a Main
employment opportunities for the local population however the
along Dock Street.
Settlement (PLA1) in the County Boroughs settlement hierarchy.
project does not preclude small-scale commercial B1 elements
Maesteg should have the ability to grow sustainably, providing
coming forward to provide alternative employment opportunities.
2.3.38 It is important that the Strategy delivers new retail
increased access to employment opportunities, stimulating
development (REG9(6)) in Porthcawl to stem the current leakage
housing, retail and tourism related developments, while building
2.3.34 The Porthcawl Waterfront Regeneration Area (PLA3(8))
of expenditure to Bridgend and to cater adequately for the town’s
on its cultural heritage.
is an extensive brownfield site, of approximately 47 hectares,
local catchment population and the many day and longer stay
extending from Trecco Bay caravan site and Rhych Point in the
visitors from Trecco Bay Caravan Park, which swell the town’s
2.3.44 In order to fulfil this role, the LDP Strategy will continue to
east to the existing harbour and town centre to the west, taking in
population threefold in the summer months.
protect and promote the town centre as an important retail, service
the former Council owned Sandy Bay caravan site, the fairground
and cultural centre, by recognising and building on its ongoing
and Salt Lake car park and its environs. The regeneration of this
2.3.39 The provision of 1050 new residential units (COM1(25)),
physical regeneration in terms of a phased programme of
area is the subject of adopted Supplementary Planning Guidance,
incorporating affordable dwellings will enable the delivery of other
enhancements to the public realm. Pedestrian, cycling and public
which was approved in 2007. Agreed elements of the regeneration
vital regeneration requirements, including the provision of the
transport improvements will be undertaken, to increase the
are embodied in the LDP Strategy which seeks to secure a vibrant
necessary flood defences incorporated in the construction of the
accessibility of the town centre to surrounding communities and
and distinctive new environment, contributing to an improved
new promenades, parking, cycling, walking and public transport
visitors. This will lift the town’s image and promote private sector
perception of Porthcawl as a premier visitor destination and
accessibility proposals, the provision of educational and other key
confidence, encouraging further investment and helping to realise
seaside resort. It’s aim is to properly integrate new development
community facilities.
the area’s wider tourism potential.
areas into the town centre and the surrounding urban area and
will guide development in a phased approach. The guidance is
2.3.40 Outside of the Waterfront Regeneration Area but within
2.3.45 In strategic terms, accessibility is key to the area’s future
considered flexible and robust enough to adapt over time to cope
the Portcawl SRGA other opportunities exist to broaden the base
success. The LDP Strategy proposes a ‘transport hub’ (PLA7(19))
with varying market conditions.
of the local economy and provide additional homes and facilities
with better integration between the bus and railway stations,
to serve the particular characteristics of local residents. The LDP
improved cycling and pedestrian links and an increase in rail
2.3.35 The future layout of the development aims to maximise
Strategy promotes a mixed-use development at Pwll y Waun
frequency to a half-hourly service between Maesteg, Bridgend
the benefits of its unique seafront location, incorporating views
(PLA3(9)), which will deliver B1 employment (REG1(15)) and
and the rest of South Wales, as proposed in the Regional
across Sandy Bay, with key focus on the delivery of an attractive
housing (COM1(27)) alongside an area of informal public
Transport Plan (RTP).
seafront promenade linking a revitalised harbour with a newly
openspace (COM13(4)) to complement and enhance the setting
engineered permanent body of water, with increased berthing
of Pwll y Waun Lake to the benefit of the surrounding community.
2.3.46 As part of the ongoing improvements to the town centre
opportunities, to Rhych Point in the east. The guidance and
The bringing forward of the employment aspect of this site is seen
and the creation of better links to the train station the LDP
policies in the LDP will ensure that development is of a high
as important in the context of Porthcawl, given the general lack of
recognises the proposal to redevelop Maesteg’s outdoor market,
standard of design creating new quality public spaces for fairs,
designated employment sites and buildings outside of the tourism
existing bus station and riverside area (REG 9(8)). This proposal
markets and events incorporating formal and informal
will further enhance the town’s attractiveness in terms of market
greenspaces and residential squares.
trading and tourism. It has the potential to increase footfall around
2.3.41 The Strategy also recognises other opportunities at the
a new public space close to a revitalised Maesteg Town Hall.
2.3.36 Crucial to the overall development is the opportunity to
Albert Edward Prince of Wales Court (COM1(28)) and on land to
provide space for indoor and outdoor leisure activities to promote
the rear of the Seabank Hotel (COM1(26)), which could provide
2.3.47 The Regeneration-Led Spatial Strategy will secure a
local employment opportunities by attracting visitors throughout
particular niche market housing to cater for the increasingly ageing
sustainable level of growth for Maesteg that will enable it to fulfil
the year, as well as catering for the local community and the leisure
population of Porthcawl, which because of its ‘seaside’ location
its potential as an important service and cultural centre for the
needs of residents of Bridgend County Borough as a whole.
is recognised as an attractive location for retirement.
whole of the Llynfi Valley by providing new homes, and local job
opportunities, including those related to tourism.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
2.3.48 In the context of the County Borough, areas of high
Focused Regeneration - Maesteg and the Llynfi Valley SRGA
the area’s improved cycling and walking routes (PLA7(1)) and
deprivation are particularly concentrated in the Bridgend Valleys,
integrated to the existing communities of Caerau and Nantyffyllon
Plan 2006-2021
and in recognition of this, the Llynfi Valley, together with the Ogmore
2.3.53 The ‘band’ of development opportunities defined in the LDP
where the re-use of redundant buildings for visitor accommodation
and Garw Valleys have been included in the Welsh Government’s
as the ‘Maesteg and the Llynfi Valley Strategic Regeneration
and social enterprises is encouraged. These initiatives will
Western Valleys Strategic Regeneration Area (WVSRA).
Growth Area complements the ethos of the overall VARP Strategy,
complement the environmental and housing improvements in
which recognises the need to facilitate development of new mixed-
Caerau and Nantyffyllon being progressed as part of the designated
2.3.49 A framework has been developed for the sustainable
use places on brownfield sites. This will be achieved by bringing
‘Housing Renewal Area’ and focussed investment in Caerau’s
regeneration of each of Bridgend’s three valleys until 2020. This
forward a range of key regeneration and development
Tudor and Caerau Park Estates, as priority estates for
is set out in an integrated Valley Area Regeneration Plan (VARP).
opportunities stretching northwards from the town centre to
improvement by V2C Housing and the re-use of a derelict site at
The plan identifies many cross-valley projects and initiatives which
Caerau and the Coegnant Reclamation site (PLA3(6)) and south
the former BlaenCaerau Junior School for much needed local and
can be developed locally as well as valley-specific strategies and
and eastwards to the former Budlepack Cosi and Cooper Standard
affordable housing (COM1(20)).
action plans.
factory site at Ewenny Road (PLA3(7)) and former Maesteg
Washery (PLA3(5)) respectively.
2.3.57 To the south of the town centre a strategic regeneration
2.3.50 Policies in the LDP are supported by levering Western
opportunity exists at Ewenny Road, Maesteg (PLA3(7)). The
Valleys Strategic Regeneration Area (WVSRA) funding for specific
2.3.54 This defined area of growth builds on the ongoing and
vacant employment sites formerly occupied by Budlepack Cosi
projects. In addition the Council, as a significant land owner with
future regeneration initiatives for Maesteg Town Centre, and will
and Cooper Standard at Ewenny Road are located adjacent to
respect to these key sites, will need to work in partnership with
complement the recent investments in new schools in the valley;
the Oakwood Estate, which is also a renewal priority for V2C
the private and voluntary sector and other key stakeholders to
linking the new Maesteg Comprehensive School at the Maesteg
Housing. The strategic and sustainable location of these sites
promote and facilitate delivery and maximise external funding
Washery Site with the new primary school at Caerau.
adjacent to a rail halt on the Maesteg to Bridgend line, means that
this regeneration opportunity could have benefits for the whole of
2.3.55 The former Maesteg Washery Site (PLA3(5)) is located
the Llynfi Valley. The significance of this opportunity has been
2.3.51 Within the context of the Llynfi Valley the land-use
immediately to the east of the town centre and is already the site
recognised by the Llynfi VARP which earmarks the future
implications of the objectives, projects and priorities of the Llynfi
of the new comprehensive school and its associated playing fields,
development of the area as a Strategic Project. The LDP strategy
Valley Area Regeneration Plan have been translated into
serving the whole of the Llynfi Valley. This extensive and
promotes the site as a flexible regeneration opportunity to create
appropriate and flexible LDP policies and proposals. As well as
sustainably located brownfield site, in the ownership of the Council,
a new mixed-use neighbourhood that can deliver much needed
promoting Maesteg as a focus of future growth, the LDP
offers the opportunity for additional development in the form of
development space for small businesses (REG1(10)), new
recognises the VARP objective of diversifying the local economy
new housing (COM1(16)) and further recreation facilities directly
market and affordable housing (COM1(17)), related retail,
by capitalising on its rural surroundings and upland character
linked to the town centre and by a dedicated route to Caerau and
commercial (REG5(4)) and social facilities set within a pleasant
beyond the built-up areas on the valley floor to grow the tourism
Nantyffyllon to the north via a new pedestrian and cycle route
environment that embraces its riverside setting.
industry, promote active lifestyles and promote renewable energy.
(PLA7(1)), and extending south linking the communities of Garth
In terms of tourism, the focus should be on activity-based tourism
and Cwmfelin.
2.3.58 In terms of encouraging enterprise, it is not envisaged that
of cycling and mountain biking. This will be achieved by enhancing
the Llynfi Valley will be the focus of major inward investment,
the area’s links to the Afan Forest Park (PLA7(1)), a tourism
2.3.56 Immediately north of Maesteg Washery is Coegnant
however local and social enterprises need to have space to
destination of international importance, in the immediately adjacent
Reclamation Site (PLA3(6)), an extensive brownfield site of
expand and to thrive. The LDP Strategy aims to achieve this by
administrative area of Neath Port Talbot, as well as linking in to
approximately 16 hectares. This site similarly offers the opportunity
protecting existing industrial estates at Spelter (REG1(13)) and
opportunities associated with another of Welsh Government’s
to deliver a range of beneficial after-uses. A desk-top
Forge (REG1(11)), and in the case of Heol Ty Gwyn Industrial
Regeneration Initiatives the ‘Valleys Regional Park’.
Regeneration Framework outlines scope to provide new housing
Estate (REG1(12)), the LDP identifies an area for its future
(COM1(18)), informal and formal open-space and local
2.3.52 Another VARP cross-valley project relates to developing
employment (REG1(9)) opportunities as well as sustainable
community food networks, and this theme is also supported in
energy generation. The LDP recognises the specific Llynfi VARP
the LDP by the designation of the Caerau Market Garden project
Project for the delivery of part of this site as a comprehensive
in Caerau (COM14(1)), and policy support for allotment gardens
Leisure Park to include a BMX track, football/rugby pitches and
and community based food growing initiatives.
skateboarding facilities, jointly sharing the use of changing facilities,
car parking, security and maintenance. The scope of the project,
linked to the surrounding countryside could be broadened to
include camping and outdoor pursuit facilities, well connected to
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
The Valleys Gateway and the Ogmore and Garw Valleys
2.3.64 In terms of the Valleys Gateway being a focus for
Focused Regeneration - The Valleys Gateway SRGA
employment activity, the area already benefits from having well
Plan 2006-2021
2.3.59 The Valleys Gateway is located at the geographical heart
established traditional Industrial estates at Abergarw (REG1(16) Abergarw Industrial Estate)
2.3.71 The LDP Strategy proposes to continue to promote the
of the County Borough and comprises several different
and Brynmenyn (REG1(18)), which the strategy seeks to protect
area’s role in providing housing, community and employment
communities of what is almost one continuous urban area
and expand, as well as the successful Enterprise Centre at Tondu
opportunities. In this respect the LDP seeks to bring forward a
immediately north of, and highly accessible to, Junction 36 of the
range of new development opportunities in a number of mixed-
use developments and regeneration schemes across the Valleys
2.3.65 In terms of the LDP Strategy the Ogmore and Garw Valleys
Gateway area.
2.3.60 The area centres on the large urban area of Sarn, with the
are not identified as areas of significant growth. However, in line
settlements of Tondu and Aberkenfig to the west and Brynmenyn
with the aspirations of the Western Valleys Strategic Regeneration
2.3.72 The LDP Strategy defines the growth opportunities within
and Bryncethin to the east. The area has not been identified in
Area (WVSRA), of which the Ogmore and Garw Valleys form a
this area as the Valleys Gateway Strategic Regeneration Growth
the Wales Spatial Plan as a ‘key’ settlement, however the LDP
part, the LDP Strategy proposes to create sustainable
Area the central focus of which is a new comprehensive school
Regeneration-Led Strategy recognises its strategic role in the
communities linked to wider opportunities, whilst protecting the
(COM10(5)) on a 16 hectare site at Ynysawdre. This initiative
context of the County Borough.
areas high quality environment.
forms part of the Council’s School Modernisation Programme and
centres on the creation of a new Secondary School to replace
2.3.61 Because of its central location and accessibility, especially
2.3.66 For both the Ogmore and Garw Valleys it is recognised
the two existing schools of Ogmore and Ynysawdre and will serve
to the more constrained and disadvantaged valleys of the Ogmore
that Bridgend and the opportunities associated with the Valleys
the wider catchment area of the whole of the Valleys Gateway
and Garw to the north, the LDP Strategy promotes this area as a
Gateway Area immediately to the south acts as service ‘hubs’
and the Secondary School educational needs of the Ogmore and
focus for future employment and housing and as a centre for
and have an important role to play in their overall success.
Garw Valleys.
local retail opportunities, community facilities and other service
2.3.67 Both valleys, which are essentially rural in character, have
2.3.73 The campus will provide a range of services and facilities
good main road connections with the more urban areas in the
to the local community with scope to become a multi-agency hub
2.3.62 In terms of its place in the settlement hierarchy this
Valleys Gateway, Bridgend and the M4. The roads give access to
and a focus for sporting excellence, benefiting from it’s location
combined Valleys Gateway area is defined as a Main Settlement
many higher-level services, facilities and job opportunities.
immediately adjacent to the recently refurbished existing
(PLA1). Its multi component nature and character however mean
Ynysawdre Swimming Pool and Pandy Park Playing Fields.
that only the western area at Aberkenfig is adequately served by
2.3.68 The LDP Strategy seeks to enhance these connections
a district centre, which has been expanded in the LDP to serve
by promoting walking and cycling links, public and community
2.3.74 The project has been successful in receiving funding from
its growth potential. The western settlements of Abergarw,
transport and improvements to the local highway network
the Welsh Government and it is anticipated that the new campus
Bryncethin, Brynmenyn and Ynysawdre lack any established
throughout the valley areas.
will be completed by 2014.
commercial centres. The LDP therefore proposes to designate
commercial elements (REG5) in mixed-use regeneration sites
2.3.69 Notwithstanding the more significant growth to the south
2.3.75 The successful delivery of this project has consequential
to serve the local convenience needs of existing and future
which will benefit and serve these communities, the LDP
beneficial effects in terms of harnessing regeneration opportunities
Regeneration-Led Spatial Strategy needs to ensure the creation
on brownfield sites for alternative development, and the LDP
of sustainable communities. This will be achieved by policies in
Strategy identifies scope to develop part of the existing Ynysawdre
2.3.63 Accessibility is key to fulfilling the area’s potential, and the
the LDP which will enable and facilitate the objectives and projects
Comprehensive School site for additional residential development
LDP Strategy will ensure the provision of localised access
that have been identified in the integrated Valley Area Regeneration
(COM1(34)) with a small commercial hub (REG5(6)) to serve
improvements, especially in terms of east-west links, including
Plans (VARPs) and Rural Development Plan for the Ogmore and
the development and the immediate locality.
providing better walking and cycling routes (PLA7). In terms of
Garw Valleys.
wider accessibility issues, as well as benefitting from it’s proximity
to the M4 corridor the Valleys Gateway also has the locational
2.3.70 In common with the Llynfi Valley the LDP recognises the
advantage of two railway stations and associated park and ride
VARP’s objective for the Ogmore and Garw of diversifying the
facilities at Sarn and Tondu, from which regular train services
local economy by: capitalising on its rural surroundings and high
operate between Maesteg and Bridgend. The LDP Strategy builds
quality environment to grow the tourism industry, including the
on these assets by recognising the proposal to increase frequency
promotion of high-quality design for new developments;
to a half hourly service and improvements and expansion to the
strengthening the local economy by providing good quality flexible
existing Park and Ride facility at Sarn. These proposals are
workspace in existing industrial estates and retailing and
included and promoted in the RTP and agreed to be funded by
commercial centres; promoting active and healthy lifestyles and;
the WEFO Convergence Funding Programme.
developing other cross-valley initiatives such as cycle routes and
a community food network.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
2.3.76 Similarly at the Ogmore Comprehensive School site
2.3.79 Further west in Tondu the LDP Strategy recognises the
Strategic Employment Sites
(PLA3(12)), the LDP proposes the utilization of the existing school
scope to build on the existing mixed-use regeneration site on land
Plan 2006-2021
buildings for the relocation of the Special School at Ysgol Bryn
west of Maesteg Road (PLA3(10)) , which already provides a
2.3.81 The strategic employment sites are identified because of
Castell in Bridgend, together with the possibility of consolidation
County Borough wide waste transfer facility. This substantial
their importance in contributing to the wider economic prosperity
of complementary social and children’s services activities within
development opportunity, of approximately 40 hectares has scope
of the whole of the County Borough and the wider sub region as
the existing buildings, and an element of residential development
to complement and enhance the role of the existing Heritage
recognised in the County Borough’s Regeneration Strategy: Fit
(COM1(33)) on surplus land with a small commercial element to
Centre by retaining existing woodland with improved public
For The Future. They represent the greatest assets to the area
serve local need (REG5(5)). This in turn provides additional
access. There is an opportunity here to provide a sustainable
in generating high levels of jobs. Their flexibility as predominately
brownfield windfall development opportunities within and outside
community of approximately 530 new dwellings (COM1(31))
greenfield sites will also be attractive to high quality businesses,
the area. In this respect the wider School’s Modernisation
served by a retail and community hub that will expand the service
both in terms of inward investment and accommodating
Programme is recognised as a significant driver for regeneration
role of the existing Aberkenfig Commercial Area. The LDP also
indigenous growth.
and source of opportunity for the delivery of the LDP Strategy,
promotes new local business space (REG1(21)) and public open
especially within the Valleys Gateway area.
space. The LDP will ensure that development will come forward
2.3.82 Designating a portfolio of high quality, strategic employment
in accordance with a phased Masterplan, that will also enable the
sites will enable the LDP to assist the local economy by providing
2.3.77 The site of the new Comprehensive School is in close
realignment of Maesteg Road, a substantial benefit to the wider
opportunities for investment and to enable employers to diversify
proximity to a number of other existing and proposed residential
area in terms of accessibility to the Llynfi Valley to the north, thereby
and grow their own businesses. This will create a mix of
and mixed use developments which the LDP identifies as part of
improving the area’s overall accessibility and job opportunities to
employment opportunities for the local labour force in a high quality
this strategic growth area. These include land at Parc Tyn-y-Coed
communities to the north and south.
environment, meeting the employment objectives of the LDP. The
(COM1(32)) a large site of approximately 300 dwellings, the
Strategic Employment Sites are all being progressed individually
development of which is subject to an agreed development brief,
2.3.80 An opportunity also exists to promote a high-quality
by the Council and the Welsh Government and several are
and which will deliver an extensive informal parkland area adjacent
strategically-located ‘business park’ in the north-west quadrant
included in funding bids for the EU Convergence Programme. By
to the river Ogmore, and on and off site recreation facilities, as
of Junction 36 of the M4 on land adjacent to the existing Sarn
being in public ownership there is greater control as to when and
well as contributing to increase capacity at a local Primary School
Park Services (REG1(22)). This facility requires renewal and
how the sites are brought forward.
at Bryncethin.
investment and presents an opportunity for a complementary
business park extension on land immediately to the west of the
2.3.83 The strategic sites are distinguished from other
2.3.78 Within Brynmenyn, the LDP proposes a mixed-use
existing motorway related facilities. The site’s strategic location
employment sites on the basis of their physical and locational
development at the former Christie Tyler factory site (PLA3(11)).
makes it an attractive proposition for future investment, and the
characteristics, particularly their prominent locations adjacent to
This site located only half a mile distant, and linked to, the new
proposed nature of the development will differ from the more
areas of countryside, and their proximity to the strategic road
school site by an established walking and cycling route, has the
traditional employment sites that exist in the area. The
network. Given the sensitive locations of these sites, the
potential to deliver up to 75 new dwellings (COM1(35)) and will
redevelopment of the motorway service area should be co-
requirement for consistently high design and environmental
enable a substantial part of the site for immediate occupation for
ordinated with the development of the new employment site. This
standards within an overall concept framework would be a pre-
employment purposes (REG1(19)). At Bryncethin, the existing
will be achieved by the formulation of a joint Masterplan
requisite for development as well as ensuring access to these
‘Depot’ site (PLA3(14)) has scope for expansion to accommodate
encompassing both areas of land.
areas by means other than the car.
an element of residential (COM1(36)) and new commercial
opportunities (REG5(7)) to serve the eastern part of the Valleys
2.3.84 Preferred uses of the strategic employment sites will be
Gateway which lacks a local commercial focus to serve local
those priority sectors highlighted by the Welsh Government.
Further information in this respect is contained in Section 5.1.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Brocastle, Waterton, Bridgend (SP9(1))
successful and prestigious Bridgend Science Park. Furthermore,
Ty Draw Farm, North Cornelly (SP9(4))
located as it is in south-west Bridgend it serves an area of recent
Plan 2006-2021
2.3.85 Brocastle is one of the most important and prestigious
significant residential development at Broadlands, which lacks
2.3.94 This site is strategically located to the east of North
greenfield inward investment sites within the South Wales M4
any significant employment opportunities and other established
Cornelly in the northwest quadrant of Junction 37 of the M4 with
corridor. The site is in a highly accessible and desirable location
communities to the south of Bridgend, where the Science Park is
good proximity to public transport facilities, particularly at Pyle
on the outskirts of Bridgend, on the A48 towards Cowbridge.
already well integrated, being within walking and cycling distance
railway station. It offers an opportunity to provide much needed
of the town centre less than 1.5km away which acts as a public
high quality employment opportunities within a landscaped
2.3.86 Brocastle represents one of the largest greenfield
transportation hub in terms of rail and bus services.
environment, close to the deprived community of Marlas, which
employment sites in south-east Wales and located immediately
is a designated Communities First area. Enabled by
adjacent to Bridgend’s focussed area of growth, closely linked to
2.3.91 ‘Hut 9’ of the former Prisoner of War camp is to be retained
accompanying residential development (COM2(22)), it also
the Waterton Industrial Estate and south of the existing Ford
and is a listed building. Any development would have to take into
provides a strategic employment opportunity to serve the local
factory, the County Borough’s largest private sector employer.
account known biodiversity interests and the listed building and
economy in the western part of the County Borough, especially
The site also has the potential to be served by a railway siding for
where necessary incorporate these into design and layout. There
for Porthcawl where employment opportunities are primarily linked
the movement of materials / products. There is also an opportunity
would be a requirement for high quality landscaping and
to the leisure and tourism industry.
for synergy and further integration with Parc Afon Ewenni also
architectural design in any development, similar to the adjacent
located within relatively close proximity - which represents the
existing Science Park developments. Linked to this will be the
What is the Underlying Level of Growth?
County Borough most significant mixed-use development and
protection and enhancement of the existing biodiversity value of
brownfield regeneration opportunity.
the site, ensuring appropriate provision for, and protection of,
2.3.95 The growth level adopted for the LDP is based on the 2009
existing wildlife in the area.
Cambridge Econometrics (CE) Population Projections for
2.3.87 Vehicle access is gained off the A48, approximately 4km
Bridgend and Wales which aims to broadly balance the future
from Junction 35 of the M4 motorway. A new road access
Pencoed Technology Park, Pencoed (SP9(3))
population and economic forecasts for the County Borough up
(roundabout) with realignment of the A48 is now in place.
2021. The population forecast and resulting dwelling
Re-profiling is required to create development plateaux.
2.3.92 The undeveloped part of this site is in the ownership of
requirement for the County Borough is directly related to the
Welsh Government and is proposed for technology and specialist
County Boroughs’ economic prospects. It is considered that linking
2.3.88 The site is almost entirely undeveloped. It is considered to
medical activities. The 20 hectare site is located next to Junction
population growth and housing requirements to wider economic
be the County Borough’s greatest asset in terms of attracting
35 of the M4 east of Bridgend; with good proximity to public
prospects improves the robustness and deliverability of the LDP
large scale employment investment to the area. The site is owned
transport facilities, particularly at Pencoed railway station. Whilst
by the Welsh Government and development is the subject of a
most of the, as yet, undeveloped greenfield site lies within Rhondda
concept Masterplan to promote the site for employment purposes
Cynon Taf, it functionally forms part of the Pencoed and Bridgend
2.3.96 CE’s district-level population projections are produced to
and help secure European funding to facilitate further road and
areas; 5 hectares of undeveloped land is located within Bridgend
accompany district-level employment projections in a way that
utility infrastructure to make the site ‘occupier-ready’. The concept
County Borough. The site’s infrastructure is now in place, and it
ensures consistency with CE’s own forecast for population in
Masterplan will guide different scales of development to different
offers a number of ‘occupier-ready’ development opportunities,
Wales (forecasts which are influenced by the economic
locations within the site, by identifying appropriate development
including three plateaux for medical and technology uses within
performance of the Wales economy relative to other parts of the
plateaux. In order to facilitate development more suited to the
Rhondda Cynon Taff. In addition there are also substantial
UK). CE’s population forecasts for Wales use the ONS projections
changing employment structure up to 2021, this will involve
redevelopment opportunities in private ownership within the former
for birth and death rates, but use CE’s own estimates of migration
defining areas more suitable for B1 business park development
Sony land holding, most notably the large car park, which
(internal and international, in and out) based on the relative
along the highly visible A48 frontage.
represents a site of 4.5 hectares, which is also wholly within
economic prospects of Wales and the English regions.
Bridgend County Borough and the subject of a separate
Island Farm, Bridgend (SP9(2))
masterplanning exercise.
2.3.97 This approach therefore seeks to take the strengths of
the detailed methods used to produce the Welsh Government
2.3.89 Island Farm is a prestigious greenfield site in an accessible
2.3.93 Although at the eastern extremity of the County Borough,
projections, such as the detailed analysis of underlying trends in
location along the A48, adjacent to the Bridgend Science Park,
it is closely associated with the existing community at Pencoed,
mortality and birth rates and to augment them with a view of overall
8km from junctions 35, 36 and 37 of the M4 motorway. Part of the
where future development can provide local as well as County
migration into Wales that is informed by the prospects for the
site comprises of a former Prisoner of War camp. When
Borough wide job opportunities and contributes to a diverse
relative performance of the Welsh economy. It is considered this
developed, new access to the site will be required off the A48.
employment land portfolio. The master plan for the underutilised
makes them more ‘robust’ than purely trend-based projections.
and ‘brownfield’ opportunity related to the former Sony factory will
2.3.90 In location terms, Island Farm is not specifically linked to
ensure development here complements the existing prestigious
2.3.98 Under the CE projection the population of Bridgend rises
Bridgend’s current focussed area of growth however it forms a
pharmaceutical / bio-tec park in the adjacent Rhondda Cynon
from 132,600 in 2006 to 144,640 in 2021.The projection indicates
subsequent phase and logical extension to the existing highly
that the projected increase in working age population of the County
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Borough will have the opportunity and scope to live and work in
requires the retention of existing community uses and facilities
2.3.101 The Strategic Diagram (Plan 1) outlines the extent of the
the area. The growth in population and households complements
and seeks to develop new ones, where they are needed;
County Borough and the area covered by the LDP. It illustrates
Plan 2006-2021
its economic prospects. Housing is neither constrained to a level
requires new development to be accompanied by an approp-
the elements of the LDP Strategy, including strategic policy
that could frustrate economic development or promoted in such
riate level of infrastructure.
proposals, the Strategic Regeneration Growth Areas and
a ways as to encourage inward commuting. The underlying
strategically important areas of environmental constraint.
growth is such that the County Borough has the means to become
more independent and less reliant on outside sources of labour,
with scope for reducing levels of out commuting and becoming a
sustainable and more self contained set of communities in
accordance with the LDP Vision.
2.3.99 Further information on the Cambridge Econometrics (CE)
Population Projections for Bridgend and Wales is contained in
Background Paper 2: Population and Housing and the Examining
Alternative Demographic and Labour Market Projections Study
LDP Strategy Components and Actions
2.3.100 The LDP is underpinned by a number of components
and actions which are integral to the implementation of the Strategy
and realisation of the LDP Vision and Strategic Objectives. These
are translated into various land-use policies expanded upon in
the following chapters.
The LDP Strategy:-
requires development to be distributed according to the
Regeneration-Led Sustainable Development Spatial Strategy;
requires all development to meet Sustainable Place Making
requires all development to meet Strategic Transport Planning
requires the protection of sites and buildings of acknowledged
natural, built and historic interest;
safeguards areas of aggregates and coal resources;
seeks to meet the County Borough’s contribution to regional
and local waste facilities;
requires that the County Borough contributes towards the
country’s renewable energy requirements;
identifies and protects 120 hectares of vacant employment
directs new retail and leisure development to the town and
Population Projection for Bridgend County Borough
district centres of the County Borough;
encourages high quality sustainable tourism;
Table 2.4
requires 9,690 market (including 1,370 affordable) dwelling
units to be accommodated in the County Borough during the
LDP period 2006 - 2021;
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Strategic Diagram
Plan 2006-2021
Afan Valley
Plan 1
Afan Valley
Llynfi Valley
Ogmore Valley Nantymoel
Garw Valley
Afan Valley
Ogmore Valley
Valleys Gateway
Ogmore Vale
Ogmore Valley Evanstown
of Growth
Growth Areas
Strategic Employment Sites
Core Road Network
Strategic Roads Network
Existing Railway Stations
Swansea & SW
Transport Hubs
Strategic Cycling Links
Kenfig Hill
Regional Waste Management Site
Cefn Cribbwr
Strategic Linkages
Town Centres
Llanilid &
South Cornelly
Technology Park
Special Areas of Conservation (SAC’s)
1 - Kenfig & Merthyr Mawr
2 - Blackmill Woodlands
Cardiff &
3 - Cefn Cribbwr Grasslands
SE Wales
Glamorgan Heritage Coast
Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI’s)
National Nature Reserves
©Crown Copyright and database right 2011. Ordnance Survey 100023405.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Plan 2006-2021
Producing High Quality
Sustainable Places
Regeneration - Led Sustainable Development
Distribution Strategy
Strategic Policy SP1
Regeneration-Led Development
Development in the County Borough will be permitted
where it provides the maximum benefits to regeneration
at a scale that reflects the role and function of
settlements as set out in the settlement hierarchy.
In particular, development will be focused in the
following areas:
Bridgend Strategic Regeneration Growth Area
Maesteg and Llynfi Valley Strategic Regeneration
Growth Area
Porthcawl Strategic Regeneration Growth Area
The Valleys Gateway Strategic Regeneration Growth
LDP Objectives: 1a, 1b, 1c, 1e
Strategic Policy 1 seeks to ensure that new developments
in Bridgend County Borough are distributed according to the LDP
Spatial Strategy. In particular, the four Strategic Regeneration
Growth Areas (SRGAs) at Bridgend, Maesteg and the Llynfi Valley,
Porthcawl and the settlements of the Valleys Gateway will
collectively deliver a significant proportion of the County Borough’s
growth up to 2021 in a range of mixed-use developments that will
create high quality sustainable places delivering new homes, work
places and facilities. These areas can serve the existing and future
residents of the County Borough and are considered to be of such
a scale and focus to be strategic in nature and will have the
potential to provide significant regeneration benefits for the whole
of the County Borough.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Focussing new development in the SRGA‘s means that
and residential development is being directed to certain areas to
the collective scale of development is able to deliver ‘more’ in
address the issues and objectives contained in the Plan.
Plan 2006-2021
terms of benefits and improvements, balancing future job creation,
housing provision, infrastructure provision and improvements to
Bridgend continues to be the main area of growth to reflect
services and community facilities to create better places at key
its status as a sub-regional settlement being a focus for
locations and can service other areas that are underperforming,
commercial, service and employment development to meet the
suffering decline or in need of redevelopment or regeneration.
needs of a wide area beyond the County Borough boundaries.
Focussing development in these areas will deliver better
In Maesteg and the Llynfi Valley, employment development,
overall outcomes and a more sustainable pattern of development
as a proportion, is above residential. This situation attempts to
for the County Borough as a whole.
rectify the current imbalance in employment provision in this area
whilst still providing a sustainable and realistic level of growth.
In this respect ‘scale’ matters and is seen as an enabling
factor - not just for the sustainability of the new developments
In the Valleys Gateway, given its central and accessible
that are proposed in the Plan but also having a beneficial effect
location, the distribution of employment land is higher than the
on existing communities.
housing as the LDP Strategy promotes this area as a focus for
future employment to serve the Ogmore and Garw Valleys.
This focussing of development is core to the regeneration-
in this area and is identified as a key site for this purpose in the
led strategy, recognising that a more dispersed approach to
Western Valleys Strategic Regeneration Area.
3.1.10 In Porthcawl, the imbalance is acknowledged. However it
locating development would dilute future benefits and would not
is likely that the majority of employment in the town will continue
ensure that critical sites for redevelopment would come forward,
to be provided through planned growth in the commercial, leisure
3.1.12 The strategic employment sites are excluded from the
the delivery of which is essential to meet the Vision and Strategic
and tourism sectors. The strategic employment site at Ty Draw
spatial analysis as it is envisaged that they will provide a level and
Objectives of the Plan.
Farm, North Cornelly and Village Farm Industrial Estate, Pyle will
type of employment which will attract workers from across the
provide B1, B2 and B8 opportunities to serve Porthcawl as a ‘linked
County Borough and further afield in the region.
Spatial Distribution of Growth
settlement’, recognised in the Wales Spatial Plan.
3.1.13 Strategic Policy SP1 recognises that other settlements in
Table 3.1 illustrates the amount and proportion of new
3.1.11 Outside of the SRGAs, the significant employment site
the County Borough will be required to accommodate differing
housing development and vacant employment land allocated in
(with vacant land) of Penllwyngwent Industrial Estate in the
scales of future development and growth in order to maintain
the LDP by area. The table demonstrates how new employment
Ogmore Valley provides a vital local growth source for employment
sustainable communities, in line with their role and function, to
achieve the LDP‘s Vision and Objectives.
Strategic Regeneration Growth Area
Housing Units on
% of Housing
Vacant Employment
% of Vacant
3.1.14 Benefits to regeneration will be maximised by using an
Allocations (2009)
Land (Ha) (2009)
Employment Land
appropriate mix of land uses on sites to achieve economic and
social growth by enabling and ‘readying’ employment land to come
forward by providing vital infrastructure. This process of renewal
will create jobs on what were previously unviable sites, through
Maesteg and Llynfi Valley
the development of other, viable uses. This approach, combined
with environmental enhancement and protection policies ensures
that regeneration-led growth is sustainable in nature. Mixed use
schemes also enable the delivery of new or upgraded community
Valleys Gateway
facilities, services and infrastructure which benefit both existing
Outside SRGAs
and new communities.
Strategic Employment Sites
Spatial Distribution of Growth
Table 3.1
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
3.1.15 Although the SRGAs will be the main focus of planned
Policy PLA1
development, it is acknowledged that the settlements detailed in
Settlement Hierarchy and Urban Management
Plan 2006-2021
Policy PLA1 will also provide opportunities for development within
their respective settlement boundaries.The identified settlements
Development will be permitted within settlement
will continue to be the location of future planned development, the
boundaries at a scale commensurate with the role and
scale and type of which will reflect their individual role and function.
function of settlements as set out in the hierarchy below:
The settlement hierarchy is based on the conclusions of the
Bridgend County Borough Settlement Role and Function Study
Primary Key Settlement
Main Settlement
3.1.16 The Primary Key Settlement of Bridgend and the Main
Settlements have a strong employment function with an existing
concentration of business and a good variety of retailing and
Pyle/Kenfig Hill/
community services that meet the needs of the settlement and
North Cornelly
the surrounding area, with Bridgend being the most significant in
performing this role. The settlements are comparatively self-
Valley Gateway settlements
of Aberkenfig/Bryncethin/
contained and provide a dominant role in terms of travel to work
within the County Borough, which can be maintained and
developed to meet the needs of the settlement and the
Policy PLA2
surrounding area. The settlements represent some of the largest
Implementation of Regeneration Strategies
Local Service Settlement
centres within the County Borough in terms of employment,
population, economically active people and retail and community
Development likely to have an unacceptably detrimental
service provision. Bridgend is distinguished as the Primary Key
impact on the implementation of a regeneration strategy/
Settlement on the basis that it accommodates the largest
programme will not be permitted.
Ogmore Valley Nantymoel
proportion of the population and is the focus of employment, retail
Ogmore Vale
and services serving the whole of the County Borough.
3.1.17 The Local Service Settlements are smaller and less
3.1.19 The LDP recognises that the implementation of
significant than the Main Settlements. While their range of services
Small Settlement
regeneration strategies and programmes are an appropriate
is narrower than the main settlements, they act as focal points
Cefn Cribbwr
means of delivering improvement to the social, economic, and
for the surrounding locality for retail and community facility
environmental fabric of an area. It therefore provides a policy
provision. The settlements are capable of supporting some
framework that seeks to secure that regeneration.
additional growth, particularly on underutilised or brownfield land.
The Small Settlements provide a more limited retail and
3.1.20 The County Borough’s regeneration priorities are central
Ogmore Valley Evanstown
community facility function for their respective residents. Services
to the LDP Strategy which directs development to those areas
in the Small Settlements are generally confined to those meeting
currently subject to area based regeneration initiatives, strategies
Heol Y Cyw
purely local needs with limited retailing and community facilities.
or programmes and other priority areas where regeneration and
investment is needed. Proposals for development or actions which
3.1.18 All settlements in the settlement hierarchy have defined
are contrary to the objectives and aims, or hinder the
settlement boundaries. These have been reviewed and amended
implementation of a strategy and/or programme will not be
where appropriate to accurately define the urban area from the
countryside. This provides certainty and direction in terms of
where appropriate development will be permitted; encouraging
the re-use of land and buildings and protecting the countryside
Ogmore Valley Pantyrawel
from inappropriate development that may have an adverse effect
South Cornelly
on its rural character. It also assists in the prevention of the
coalescence of settlements and avoidance of urban sprawl which
enables communities to operate efficiently.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
3.1.21 The Regeneration and Mixed Use Schemes included in
Design and Sustainable Place Making
PLA3 offer opportunities for comprehensive development within
Plan 2006-2021
Regeneration and Mixed Use Development Schemes
their respective Strategic Regeneration Growth Areas and
Strategic Policy SP2
Settlements. The location and scale of these sites present an
The regeneration of brownfield and under-utilised sites
opportunity for significant new development to take place over
Design and Sustainable Place Making
within defined settlements that provide an appropriate
the plan period to help meet the LDP Vision and Objectives.
mix of land uses will be permitted.
All development should contribute to creating high
3.1.22 The combination of development on these sites will result
The following sites are specifically allocated for
quality, attractive, sustainable places which enhance the
in the provision of comprehensive residential, employment and
regeneration and mixed use schemes:
community in which they are located, whilst having full
commercial development whilst providing new transportation,
regard to the natural, historic and built environment by:
community, education and recreation facilities to serve the
Bridgend Strategic Regeneration Growth Area
respective sites and existing communities. Descriptions of the
1) Complying with all relevant national policy and
PLA3(1) Parc Derwen, Bridgend"> Parc Derwen, Bridgend
sites allocated under Policy PLA3 are contained in Appendix 1
guidance where appropriate;
PLA3(2) North East Brackla Regeneration Area
and their individual land-use components are contained in
2) Having a design of the highest quality possible, whilst
PLA3(3) Coity Road Sidings, Bridgend
subsequent LDP Policies and on the Proposals Map.
respecting and enhancing local character and
PLA3(4) Parc Afon Ewenni, Bridgend
distinctiveness and landscape character;
3) Being of an appropriate scale, size and prominence;
Maesteg and the Llynfi Valley Strategic Regeneration
4) Using land efficiently by:
Growth Area
(i) being of a density which maximises the develop-
ment potential of the land whilst respecting that
PLA3(5) The former Maesteg Washery, Maesteg
of the surrounding development; and
PLA3(6) Coegnant Reclamation Site, Caerau and Nantyffyllon
(ii) having a preference for development on
previously developed land over greenfield land;
PLA3(7) Ewenny Road, Maesteg
5) Providing for an appropriate mix of land uses;
6) Having good walking, cycling, public transport and
Porthcawl Strategic Regeneration Growth Area
road connections within and outside the site to
PLA3(8) Porthcawl Waterfront Regeneration Area
ensure efficient access;
PLA3(9) Pwll-y-Waun, Porthcawl
7) Minimising opportunities for crime to be generated
or increased;
The Valleys Gateway Strategic Regeneration Growth Area
8) Avoiding or minimising noise, air, soil and water
PLA3(10) Land west of Maesteg Road, Tondu
PLA3(11) Former Christie Tyler Site, Brynmenyn
9) Incorporating methods to ensure the site is free from
PLA3(12) Ogmore Comprehensive School, Bryncethin
contamination (including invasive species);
PLA3(13) Gateway to the Valleys, Tondu
10) Safeguarding and enhancing biodiversity and green
PLA3(14) Bryncethin Depot, Bryncethin
PLA3(15) Glanyrafon, Tondu
11) Ensuring equality of access by all;
12) Ensuring that the viability and amenity of neighbour-
Other Areas
ing uses and their users/occupiers will not be
PLA3(16) Land south west of City Road, Bettws
adversely affected;
PLA3(17) Land adjoining Cwm Ogwr Fach, Blackmill
13) Incorporating appropriate arrangements for the
PLA3(18) Land at Gibbons Way, North Cornelly
disposal of foul sewage, waste and water;
PLA3(19) Former Surgery Site, Coychurch Rd, Pencoed
14) Make a positive contribution towards tackling the
PLA3(20) Ty Draw Farm, North Cornelly
causes of, and adapting to the impacts of Climate
Change; and
The implementation of each of the above will be in
15) Appropriately contributing towards local, physical,
accordance with a master plan/development brief and/or
social and community infrastructure which is affected
appropriate planning/highway agreements. These must
by the development.
be agreed with the County Borough Council before
LDP Objectives: 1f, 1g, 2a, 2b, 2c
development commences.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Strategic Policy 2 introduces 15 Sustainable Place Making
contribution towards strengthening local identity, achieving
Climate change is regarded to be one of the biggest threats
criteria which will be applied to all development proposals across
sustainable communities, encouraging a more sustainable way
facing our planet today. It is predicted that by 2050, Wales will be
Plan 2006-2021
the County Borough. This Policy represents the starting point
of living, and promoting community cohesion and engagement.
warmer by approximately 2.3º C, with 14% more rainfall in winter
for the assessment of all planning applications which are
and 16% less in summer. Sea levels in 2050 are expected to
received by the Local Planning Authority.
The LDP, through the criteria of its Sustainable Place
have risen by 20cm. Climate change is now viewed by the UK
Making Policy also seeks to ensure that the viability and amenity
and Welsh Governments as a fundamental issue which needs to
Policy SP2 demands a high quality of design incorporating
of neighbouring uses and their users/occupiers is not
be addressed.
equality of access in all development proposals. Design and
compromised by new development.
Access Statements will be used within the Development
The planning system, therefore, has an important role to
Control process and should contain information relating to
play in ensuring that measures are taken to reduce the causes of
each of the 15 criteria (where appropriate) to ensure this
climate change, most notably the emission of greenhouse gases,
Policy PLA4
policy is implemented effectively. The statements will be
in new developments. National planning policy already sets out
Climate Change and Peak Oil
monitored to ensure development maintains and enhances both
the requirements for new residential and commercial
local character, and the ‘sense of place’ it creates, and/or sustains
developments to achieve Code for Sustainable Homes Level 3
All development proposals will be required to make a
within existing communities.
and BREEAM ‘Very Good’ (respectively).
positive contribution towards tackling the causes of, and
adapting to the impacts of Climate Change and Peak Oil
Where appropriate, the LDP contains more detailed
3.2.10 However, the need to adapt to future climate changes is
issues. Means of achieving this may include:
policies on some aspects of Policy SP2. In other areas, particularly
also extremely crucial. It is important that the effects of climate
on specific design guidance, the Council has produced
change are considered over the lifetime of a development. A
1) Having lower carbon energy requirements by reducing
Supplementary Planning Guidance to assist developers in
scheme may have a design life of 75 - 100 years (depending
energy demand, and promoting energy efficiency;
producing schemes which reflect the local characteristics of the
upon location and usage intensity). Policy PLA4 therefore requires
County Borough, these are outlined in chapter 8 and will be
development proposals to consider their impacts on the climate
2) Utilising local materials and supplies wherever
reviewed and updated for the LDP.
and to demonstrate how it adapts to the effects of climate change
as well as allowing surrounding wildlife and habitats to adapt
Place making is an over arching concept which relates to
around it.
3) Encouraging the development of renewable energy
the design and context of a development which ensures that the
design process, layout structure and form provide a development
3.2.11 Of immediate and paramount concern to many will be the
that is appropriate to the local context and supports a sustainable
increased risk of flooding caused by climate change. The Council
4) Having a location and layout which reflects sustainable
community; creating an environment within which people can
will resist inappropriate development within floodplains where
transport and access principles, thereby reducing the
identify with and use easily; whilst respecting the natural
such development would itself be at risk from flooding or may
overall need to travel;
cause flooding elsewhere.
5) Having a design, layout and landscaping which:
Underpinning the LDP Strategy is the Council’s desire to
3.2.12 Risk to life is of paramount concern in relation to any
(i) helps wildlife and habitats to adapt to the changing
make sound judgments when assessing all development
development in areas at risk from flooding, but especially for
proposals, for example, by ensuring that new built development
residential development in tidal (including estuarine) and coastal
(ii) assists cooling of the urban environment, including
is sensitive to its surrounding environment. This is particularly
locations. Therefore, all new development sites proposed in the
the use of passive building techniques where
important: where proposals are located either within, or where
LDP have been assessed by the Council using data supplied by
they would have an impact upon, the setting of environmentally
the Natural Resouces Wales. However, these assessments and
sensitive areas; where they would affect designated heritage
the work undertaken as part of the LDP Strategic Flood
6) Using resources more efficiently, and minimising waste
assets; where the development will be a landmark building by
Consequences Assessment (SFCA) should only be regarded as
water use and pollution;
virtue of location or scale; or where it will be an incident building
the starting point for more detailed scrutiny of future proposals.
on highly visible gateway sites within urban areas.
More detailed Flood Consequences Assessments (FCAs) will be
7) Avoiding or minimising the risk from flooding and/
required on specific sites at the planning application stage.
or adapting to the increased risk of flooding, coastal
In addition, where appropriate, Travel Plans, Transport
erosion and warmer annual mean temperatures; and
Statements or Transport Assessments will also be required as
part of the planning process. In short, all future development
8) Promoting sustainable building methods and drainage
proposals will be assessed to ensure that they will make a positive
systems where appropriate.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Transport Planning
Strategic Policy SP3 supports sustainable development
and encourages the establishment of an integrated, safe and
Plan 2006-2021
equitable transport system. The policy therefore introduces 11
Strategic Policy SP3
Strategic Transport Planning Principles which outline how the
LDP will seek to improve opportunities for sustainable travel,
Strategic Transport Planning Principles
contribute positively to social inclusion agendas, and allow better
management of both travel demand and of the transport network.
All development proposals should promote safe,
All development proposals should be designed in a manner
sustainable and healthy forms of transport through good
that secures the safety of all highway users. In this respect all
design, enhanced walking and cycling provision, and
developments will need to: take account of Welsh Government
improved public transport provision.
design criteria; ensure vehicles can enter or leave the highway at
any new access point safely; provide appropriate measures of
Land-use transportation solutions will therefore be
mitigation to counter any adverse highway effects of new
required to deliver a more effective, efficient and
development and; ensure that the flow of traffic on the highway is
accessible transport system according to the following
not affected detrimentally.
The LDP directs new developments to locations offering
1) Improves public transport links between the Primary
a choice of transport modes that will support, and contribute
3.2.13 Peak oil is the point in time when the maximum rate of
Key Settlement of Bridgend and the main settlements
towards the development of an efficient transport network. In
global petroleum extraction is reached, after which the rate of
of the County Borough, and links with Cardiff and
particular this approach will enhance what the Wales Spatial Plan
production declines, thereby restricting supply and raising costs.
defines as the ‘key settlement transport hubs’ of Bridgend and
This will have a direct impact on affordability and a persons ability
2) Develops the roles of Bridgend and Maesteg as
to travel as well as raising the costs of manufacturing and
'Transport Hubs';
purchasing goods and services. Some projections suggest that
3) Favours development which is located close to
In terms of transportation planning the LDP incorporates
this event has already occurred or will occur during the lifetime of
public transport facilities;
the ‘corridors concept’. This establishes corridors of interest that
the LDP. This concept is based on the observed production rates
4) Reduces congestion, the need to travel, and reliance
encompass land-use and associated accessibility requirements
of global oil reserves, and the combined production rate of known
on the private car;
including all forms of transport in order to aid transport investment
existing oil wells and envisaged new sources. Whilst the
5) Reduces the negative impact of road freight
decisions and land-use planning. Despite this holistic approach
background to peak oil and climate change are different, the land-
it is the road network which is the predominant mode in terms of
use planning responses to these issues are similar, particularly
6) Improves road safety;
network coverage and flexibility of movement within the transport
in the need to reduce unnecessary travel (of people, goods and
7) Makes better use of the core, strategic and local
corridors. Consequently, it is imperative that the road network is
materials), encourage a ‘modal shift’ in transport and the use of
highway network;
appropriately identified, protected and safeguarded, particularly
alternative sources of energy in developments.
8) Encourages rail freight movement within the County
in relation to the location of developments. In order to achieve
this, the LDP has adopted the approach recommended in
3.2.14 The Council has produced Supplementary Planning
9) Provides appropriate standards of car parking;
paragraph 8.6.2 of Planning Policy Wales and followed in the
Guidance (SPG) on how to adapt new developments to the
10) Maximises the potential for sustainable transport
Regional Transport Plan (RTP). The road network is therefore
impacts of climate change in order to ensure their long-term future
infrastructure and services; and
divided into two major categories: the core network and the
and the use of sustainable construction methods (such as using
11) Provides strategic lorry parks at appropriate locations
strategic network. The identification of these categories forms
recycled products and locally produced materials). It is intended
in the County Borough.
the basis of the corridor approach to transportation planning as
that this SPG will be updated during the LDP period to reflect up-
expressed in the LDP.
to-date evidence and emerging best practice as well as
LDP Objectives: 1f, 1g, 2b, 4b
incorporating appropriate actions to adapt to peak oil issues.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
The Core Roads Network connects the County Borough
As there is a need to consider all forms of movement,
to adjacent County Boroughs and to regional transport consortium
transportation links and infrastructure along transport routes in
Development west of the railway line, Pencoed
Plan 2006-2021
areas. The following roads constitute the Core Roads Network
the context of the topographic characteristics of the County
in the County Borough:
Borough through which they pass, it is a prerequisite that
movements within the Authority should be considered on a
Development that will generate a net increase in
‘corridor basis’. This method of considering the existing
vehicular traffic movement in Pencoed to the west of the
transportation network and the effects on it of development more
railway line, in the area shown on the proposals map, will
not be permitted.
The Strategic Roads Network connects the major
accurately models the actual situation.
settlements and population centres in the County Borough and
comprises mainly the A-roads (including the Core Roads Network).
The ‘corridor’ approach also allows the management and
The following roads are identified as the Strategic Roads Network:
allocation of the existing road network to be carried out more
effectively; for example, the location of development proposals
3.3.13 In accordance with PLA5 it is considered that the existing
can be assessed, and their demand on transportation and
highway network in Pencoed, which forms part of the Pencoed-
environmental standards, as affected by transportation issues
Pyle Transport Corridor, is severely constrained by the mainline
along the length of the corridor, considered. This is of particular
railway with no prospect of mitigation within the Plan period. In
importance when development proposals are assessed in the
recognition of this constraint Policy PLA6 introduces a moratorium
The local highway network connects local areas of
valley corridors, where the quality of the transportation network
on further development which generates a net increase in vehicular
population within the County Borough to the major settlements
varies greatly along its respective corridor and alternative transport
movement to the west of the railway line. For clarity and certainty
and comprises mainly the B road networks and all classified
routes are limited.
the specific area to which Policy PLA6 applies has been
unnumbered routes within the County Borough these include:
designated on the proposals map.
3.3.10 The standards to be considered will not only be limited to
traffic capacity, which is determined by the width and alignment
3.3.14 It is considered that any new development which
of the carriageway and junctions. Factors such as the degree of
generates a net increase in vehicular movement will exacerbate
priority to be accorded to pedestrians, cyclists and public transport,
congestion either side of the level-crossing and at the complex
frontage activity, conservation area designation, residential areas,
over-bridge junction between the eastern end of the relief road
on-street parking, location of schools and hospitals, noise, air
and Penybont Road. It is recognised that development capacity
Policy PLA5
quality, and risk of accident will also be considered. These factors
to the west of the railway line would not be of sufficient scale to
Development in Transport Corridors
will assist in assessing the maximum capacity and the nature of
generate the required level of developer-funded infrastructure
vehicles compatible with acceptable environmental standards
required to resolve the problem within the Plan period.
The following transport corridors are identified as the
associated with transportation issues.
main routes in the County Borough for the movement of
3.3.15 It should be noted that land is allocated for residential
people and goods:
3.3.11 The corridors will be managed to encourage walking,
development, west of the railway line, under Policy COM2(27)
PLA5(1) M4
cycling and use of public transport especially for journeys to work.
Land South of Hendre Road, however this reflects planning
PLA5(2) Llynfi
It is also recognised that the efficient and reliable movement of
permission which has previously been granted in accordance with
PLA5(3) Garw
freight is vitally important to the economy of the County Borough.
the provisions contained in the adopted Ogwr Borough Local Plan
PLA5(4) Ogmore
As such, development which generates lorry movement will be
and Bridgend UDP. That consent was subject to the construction
PLA5(5) Aberkenfig-Brynmenyn
required to locate in areas which can be effectively accessed so
of an interim relief road link and signalised junctions. However,
PLA5(6) Pyle-Aberkenfig
that the impact of road freight movement on the environment is
those highway works are only sufficient to accommodate
PLA5(7) Pencoed-Pyle
minimised. This is particularly significant to the valleys’ corridors
movements related to that development and cannot therefore be
PLA5(8) Porthcawl-Cornelly
for the reasons previously stated above.
used as a means of progressing any further development west
of the railway line.
Development which would:
3.3.12 Details of the corridors identified in Policy PLA5 are set
out in Appendix 2.
a) adversely affect safe and efficient movement in these
corridors; and/or
b) create or exacerbate harm to the environment along
them; and/or
c) not be capable of mitigation;
will not be permitted.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
quality network of dedicated walking and cycle routes is an
essential element in realising the LDP Strategy and will promote
Plan 2006-2021
Transportation Proposals
sustainability, encourage healthier lifestyles and increased
physical activity. To complement these proposals, Safe Routes
The following transportation proposals are allocated and safeguarded from development that would prevent their
to Stations and Safe Routes in Communities schemes will also
be given priority.
Walking and Cycling Proposals
Public Transport Interchange Proposals
3.3.18 Where known the proposals are safeguarded and allocated
on the Proposals Map. Plan 2 illustrates the existing and proposed
PLA7(1)* Llynfi Valley Community Route
PLA7(18)* Bridgend transportation interchange
walking and cycle route network within the County Borough and
PLA7(2)* Improved links to the National Cycle Network
PLA7(19)* Maesteg rail/bus interchange
shows how the proposed routes on the Proposals Map fit with
in the Vale of Glamorgan
the current network. Further details can be found in the Council’s
PLA7(3)* Bridgend and Porthcawl
Park and Ride Proposals
Walking and Cycling Strategy.
PLA7(4)* Bridgend and Pencoed
PLA7(20)* New park and ride facility at Brackla, Bridgend
PLA7(5)* Porthcawl and Pyle
PLA7(21)* New park and ride facility at Wildmill railway
3.3.19 The specific proposal identified under Policy PLA7(14) is
PLA7(6)* Bryngarw Country Park and Brynmenyn
being brought forward by the Council under the Wales Coastal
station, Bridgend
PLA7(7)* Bridgend and Bridgend Designer Outlet, at J36
Access Improvement Programme (WCAIP) which aims to
of the M4
improve access to the coast for local communities and visitors
PLA7(8) Brynmenyn and Pencoed, via Heol Y Cyw
Park and Share Proposals
by creating a high quality walking route around the coast of Wales.
PLA7(9) Porthcawl and Rest Bay
PLA7(22)* New park and share facilities at M4 junction 35
The development of the Path is being funded by the Welsh
PLA7(10) Llangynwyd and Llangeinor
and 36
Government, the European Regional Development Fund and the
PLA7(11) Caerau and Pontyrhyl
Council. Since the programme started in 2007 Bridgend has
PLA7(12) Bridgend Industrial Estate and Wildmill
Highway Proposals
carried out a number of projects along its stretch of coast to
PLA7(13) National Cycle Network 885 to Bridgend
improve paths and links and the identified route will complete the
PLA7(14) Wales Coastal Path
PLA7(23)* Improvements at Ewenny and Broadlands
Coastal Path within Bridgend
roundabouts, A48, Bridgend
Rail and Bus Proposals
PLA7(24)* Road dualling between Waterton and Laleston,
Rail and Bus
A48/A473, Bridgend
PLA7(15)* Improvements to the capacity of the Maesteg-
PLA7(25)* Improvements to A4063 between Sarn and Maesteg
3.3.20 Improving railways and bus infrastructure enhances public
Bridgend railway line
transport services and encourages more residents to rely less
PLA7(16)* Bus corridor improvements in the Blaengarw-
on the car, and helps reduce the number and length of car-borne
Bridgend, Maesteg-Bridgend, and Bridgend-
journeys. The proposed schemes will lead to an improvement in
Cowbridge strategic road corridors
journey times for both car and public transport users particularly
PLA7(17)* New railway station at Brackla, Bridgend
during peak periods and therefore help reduce transport related
environmental impacts.
Those proposals marked with an asterisk* are identified in the Sewta Regional Transport Plan.
3.3.21 PLA7 (15) Maesteg-Bridgend Railway Line capacity
improvements. The Maesteg Railway line is an integral part of
3.3.16 Policy PLA7 safeguards and allocates the strategic
transport corridors in PLA5. Details of these schemes are set
the Llynfi transport corridor. The proposal will increase the
transportation improvements which will provide opportunities to
out in the RTP.
frequency of trains from one per hour to one every 30 minutes.
reduce congestion, and provide enhanced facilities for walking,
This will include the introduction of a passing loop and may
cycling, and public transport, thus allowing appropriate reallocation
Walking & Cycling
introduce opportunities for additional freight movement.
of road space to deliver more sustainable travel within the County
Borough. The majority of the proposals have been identified in
3.3.17 In addition to the RTP walking and cycling schemes
3.3.22 PLA7(16) Bus Corridor Improvements in the Blaengarw-
the Sewta Regional Transport Plan (RTP) and are therefore
(PLA7(1) - PLA7(7)), a number of locally significant schemes have
Bridgend, Maesteg Bridgend, and Bridgend-Cowbridge strategic
Assembly-approved schemes. They all form part of the strategic
been identified (PLA7 (8) - PLA7 (13)). The provision of a high
corridors. These improvements will include bus stop
enhancements which may include new shelters, raised kerbs and
carriageway enhancements encouraging greater use of public
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
3.3.23 PLA7(17) New Railway Station, Brackla. The proposed
Brackla railway station will be situated on the main South Wales
Plan 2006-2021
Railway line from London to Fishguard. It forms part of the Sewta
initiative to promote seamless rail travel between Maesteg and
Llanharan in neighbouring Rhondda Cynon Taff County Borough.
The station will also provide an integrated facility that will comprise
○ ○ ○ ○ ○
two platforms, a footbridge and cycle access. It also includes a
park and ride facility identified in PLA 7(20).
○ ○ ○ ○ ○
Public Transport Interchange
Coastal Path
3.3.24 PLA7 (18) Bridgend Transportation Interchange. This policy
provides for a multi modal interchange to be developed in Bridgend
Town Centre which will facilitate quick and easy transfer of
Coastal Path
passengers between all modes of travel. A physical link between
the bus station and the railway station will be incorporated into
Not to scale
Crown copyright and database rights
the scheme which will also include a coach, bus and taxi
[2011] Ordnance Survey [100023405]
interchange at the existing railway station.
3.3.25 PLA7 (19) Maesteg Rail/Bus Interchange. This scheme
will provide an upgrade of the bus station and improved linkages
between the bus station and the railway station.
Park & Ride
3.3.26 PLA7(20) and (21) Park and Ride facilities at Brackla and
Wildmill, will provide the opportunity for an effective interchange
between cars and public transport to facilitate a reduction in the
length and number of car-borne journeys especially for the journey
to work. In addition, the Wildmill Park and Ride will provide a bus
turning circle at the existing station which will permit bus and rail
based park and ride operations.
Park & Share
3.3.27 PLA 7 (22) New Park and Share facilities at M4 Junctions
35 and 36. Park-and-share schemes are similar to park-and-ride
sites but they differ in one respect: park-and-share sites are
located adjacent to highways and do not serve as public transport
nodes. Park-and-share schemes therefore provide a vital
transportation source and widen choice by offering the opportunity,
particularly for car users to pool and share journeys.
3.3.28 The proposed park-and-share sites at J35 and J36 of the
M4 on the core network will provide an interchange for car to car
or car to bus transfers for shared journeys. It would reduce traffic
levels on the motorway particularly during the peak period when
Existing and Proposed Walking and Cycling Route Network
motorways and motorway junctions are more likely to suffer severe
stress. The sites are too small to be shown specifically on the
Plan 2
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Proposals Map and are shown by way of a symbol. However,
PLA8(1) B4281/Heol Simonston Improvement, Bridgend
can be developed fully and comprehensively, the A4063, Maesteg
they are located within existing highway land.
Road, north of the existing traffic signals will need to be re-aligned
Plan 2006-2021
3.3.32 The North East Brackla Regeneration Area (PLA3(2)) will
to allow for an appropriate access to be constructed to serve the
Highway Proposals
increase volumes of traffic along Heol Simonston down to its
junction with the A473 at Coychurch Roundabout. The route is
3.3.29 PLA7(23) Improvements at Ewenny and Broadlands
generally sub-standard in terms of its width, alignment, visibility,
PLA8(4) Access to Parc Afon Ewenni Regeneration Area,
Roundabout, A48, Bridgend CBC and PLA7(24) road dualling
provision of pedestrian facilities and the lay out of junctions, and
between Waterton and Laleston A48/A473, Bridgend. There are
is not suitable to accommodate the traffic generated by the
capacity issues between Waterton roundabout and Laleston.
proposed developments; therefore, it must be improved to enable
3.3.36 Parc Afon Ewenni Regeneration Area (PLA3(4)) requires
These include the junctions and the adjoining links. Therefore
the development to proceed. The works will, where appropriate,
the adoption of a masterplan and land-owner agreement (between
works are proposed as part of the RTP ‘Making Better Use’
include realignment of the carriageways, junction improvements
the major land owners) that would effectively link the various
programme to improve the capacity of the junctions and the
and capacity enhancements, and provision of walking and cycling
elements of the development. This would ensure the
associated links across the corridor. These junctions will be
facilities to eliminate conflict with the additional traffic generated.
implementation of the necessary on-site facilities and highway
upgraded to improve their capacity and efficiency.
infrastructure requirements; to include a new roundabout access
PLA8(2) M4 Junction 35
on the A473 and sustainable and safe walking routes connecting
3.3.30 PLA7(25) Improvements to A4063 between Sarn and
the site and the wider urban area.
Maesteg. There are significant constraints along the A4063 which
3.3.33 The M4 Motorway junction 35 at Pencoed is an important
generate capacity and safety issues. Works will be carried out
strategic junction in the County Borough. Funding for the highway
PLA8(5) Access to Island Farm Strategic Employment Site,
where possible along this route to improve both of these issues.
improvement has been deposited with the Council in respect of
A48, Bridgend
the Llanilid Film Studio site and Pencoed Technology Park and is
likely to be sought for further development on the Llanilid Opencast
3.3.37 Land at Island Farm, Bridgend is identified as a Strategic
site to cater for any predicted increased traffic levels on the junction
Employment Site (SP9(2) refers), which is based on a number of
and its approaches, arising from that development in Rhondda
requirements, one of them being that it is highly accessible from
Development Led Improvements to the
Cynon Taf. The junction is reaching capacity and will not
the M4 corridor. To provide this effective access, and thereby
Transportation Network
accommodate all of the additional traffic movements generated
conform to the requirements of the highway network, the
by further development without improvement. Therefore land has
development of the site will require a new junction to be constructed
Development led improvements to the transportation
been protected for the future improvement of the motorway
on the A48 at a location which will affect, and have to include
network will be undertaken at the following locations:
roundabout. It is anticipated that the junction’s capacity can be
junction facilities for, Merthyr Mawr Road (North and South of the
improved on a phased basis to accommodate new developments
A48). Therefore, careful consideration must be given to this
PLA8(1) B4281/Heol Simonston Improvement, Bridgend
as they come on stream.
development to ensure that it introduces mitigation to overcome
PLA8(2) M4 Junction 35
any adverse effect on the efficiency of the surrounding highway
PLA8(3) Access to land west of Maesteg Road, Tondu
3.3.34 Developer’s whose new developments, or expansion of
PLA8(4) Access to Parc Afon Ewenni Regeneration Area
existing developments, which have an impact on Junction 35 will
PLA8(5) Access to Island Farm Strategic Employment Site
be required to improve the junction’s capacity to a level where it
can accommodate additional traffic movements (generated by
PLA8(6) Access to land east of A4065 Abergarw
PLA8(6) Access to land east of A4065 Abergarw
the development(s)) without detrimental effects being imposed
on either local or strategic traffic movements.
3.3.38 The land to the east of A4065 has been identified as a
future housing site (COM1(33)) Ogmore Comprehensive School.
PLA8(3) Access to land West of Maesteg Road, Tondu
The existing school access road is constrained and not
3.3.31 A number of allocations for development have been made
considered capable of facilitating access to a new residential
in the LDP which are likely to have a significant impact on the
3.3.35 The land to the west of Maesteg Road (A4063), Tondu
development. Housing on this area should incorporate a new
existing transportation network. Policy PLA8 of the Plan lists the
(PLA3 (10)) has been identified in the LDP for proposed mixed
access of an appropriate standard onto the highway and an
transportation improvement schemes that should overcome the
use development of employment, residential, and retail uses. The
associated highway improvement. The works should include
anticipated problems for the network as a consequence of the
A4063 highway to the south of the nearby railway bridge is up to
potential realignment of the A4065 carriageway, widening to
new development proposals.
the necessary standard to accommodate the traffic movements
incorporate a harbouring facility, associated roundabout
related to the proposed development of the site. However, as it
improvement and enhanced pedestrian and cycling facilities
proceeds north from the traffic signals, beneath the railway bridge,
including crossing provision to eliminate conflict with the additional
then bearing sharply eastwards, the highway is sub-standard with
traffic generated.
poor visibility and several existing accesses. In order that the site
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
3.3.39 Developers and/or landowners of the allocations
3.3.43 Development must cater for existing rights of way by either
3.3.45 A number of existing pedestrian and cycle routes have been
associated with the above schemes will be required to enter into
protecting the right of way, or providing an equally effective and
implemented through the re-development of disused railway
attractive alternative route. In either case, the right of way affected
Plan 2006-2021
planning obligations/agreements with the Council to ensure that
infrastructure. There are still a number of disused railway lines in
the appropriate highway works and improvements will be provided
by the development must provide a safe and pleasant environment
the County Borough which have potential for transport related
in addition to any other relevant planning requirements. It is
for all pedestrians to encourage its future use. Cycling, like
development and the remaining sections will be assessed in terms
anticipated that these improvements to the transport network will
walking, does not create pollution and is a sustainable mode of
of their suitability for redevelopment as transport routes. Policy
be entirely funded by the developments they are associated with.
transport to be encouraged. Development must also cater for
PLA10 will therefore safeguard all disused railway infrastructure
cycle tracks either by protecting the existing tracks, or by providing
from non-transport development, until an assessment has been
3.3.40 It is also emphasised that the Council will require
an equally effective alternative route, which is safe and pleasant
made of their suitability for future transportation schemes.
appropriate contributions from developers/landowners of sites
to use.
which have a ‘connection’ not only with those highway
improvement schemes listed under Policy PLA8 but also with
3.3.44 The design layout for residential, employment, retail, leisure
Policy PLA11
any other policies, objectives, and aims of the LDP and RTP which
and other developments will be expected to incorporate provision
Parking Standards
it considers to be ‘material’ to the satisfactory development of
for walking and cycling and, where possible, links or access to
those site(s), providing that the requirements of the ‘legal test’ for
the developing walking and cycling networks.
All development will be required to provide appropriate
such a ‘connection(s)’ is (are) met.
levels of parking. This should be in accordance with
adopted parking standards.
Policy PLA10
Policy PLA9
Safeguarding of Disused Railway Infrastructure
Development affecting Public Rights of Way
Development which inhibits the potential re-opening of
Development proposals that do not cater for 'public rights
disused or redundant railway infrastructure or their re-
of way' and/or do not protect the existing or proposed
use for alternative transport purposes, will not be
network for public use, will not be permitted.
Proposals for alternative routes for a public right of way
should provide a route of similar or improved quality to
that of the existing route.
3.3.41 ‘Public Rights of Way’ as referred to in Policy PLA9 relate
to non-carriageway highways. They include existing and proposed
footpaths, bridleways, restricted byways, byways open to all traffic,
and cycle tracks, all of which are statutory highways.
3.3.42 Footpaths and bridleways were originally a vital means of
getting to work, visiting relatives and friends, and accessing many
other activities. Today, many of these journeys are undertaken
using a motor car or alternative forms of transport, and these
facilities are more usually seen as a recreational asset. However
within the context of fostering more sustainable development and
communities it is important that walking and cycling, as means
of travel, is encouraged. Existing public rights of way should,
therefore, be protected and developed to meet the needs of the
pedestrian and cyclist. The Council will therefore protect public
rights of way to favour walking, cycling and where appropriate
horse riding.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Plan 2006-2021
3.3.46 In accordance with guidance provided in paragraph 8.4.3
3.3.47 All development proposals will be expected by the Council
of PPW 2012, the Council, in association with other local
to have due regard to, and, wherever appropriate, conform with
authorities in Sewta, has adopted regional parking standards that
its up-to-date and/or adopted parking guidelines and standards
endorse maximum levels of parking provision in developments.
over the period of the LDP.
In order to give the regional standards local relevance, the
Council’s Supplementary Planning Guidance on Parking provides
detailed guidance on the way in which Policy PLA11 will be applied
in particular circumstances and areas.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Plan 2006-2021
Protecting and Enhancing the
Natural Environment
Strategic Policy SP4
Conservation and Enhancement of the
Natural Environment
Development which will conserve and, wherever
possible, enhance the natural environment of the County
Borough will be favoured.
Development proposals will not be permitted where they
will have an adverse impact upon:
The integrity of the County Borough's countryside;
The character of its landscape;
Its biodiversity and habitats; and
The quality of its natural resources including water,
air and soil.
Areas having a high and/or unique environmental quality
will be protected and the following strategically
important areas within the County Borough will
specifically be protected from inappropriate
development which directly or indirectly impacts upon
SP4(1) Natura 2000 Network Sites (including Special
Areas of Conservation (SACs);
SP4(2) Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs);
SP4(3) Kenfig and Merthyr Mawr National Nature
Reserves (NNRs);
SP4(4) The Glamorgan Heritage Coast;
LDP Objectives: 2a, 2b, 2c
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
The LDP Strategy acknowledges that the County Borough
importance for nature conservation in the County Borough. SAC
The Glamorgan Heritage Coast covers one of the finest
has a rich and varied biodiversity, in terms of species and habitats,
sites form part of the Natura 2000 network of European designated
stretches of undeveloped coast in England and Wales and its
Plan 2006-2021
which requires continued protection. For development to be
sites. The LDP Habitats Regulation Assessment (HRA) concludes
landscape is important within the national context. As such, it
sustainable, it needs to be soundly based on good environmental
that future development could potentially have an impact on water
occupies the highest tier of landscapes of importance in the
assessments, and to be well planned and controlled with regard
resources affecting Kenfig and Cefn Cribwr SACs and air quality
County Borough. It merits a very high degree of protection in
to its environmental impact, in order to conserve and enhance
affecting Blackmill Woodlands SAC. Development will therefore
planning policy. Development which is likely to have a detrimental
not be permitted in the vicinity of these areas where monitoring
impact on the landscape of the area will only be permissible under
by the Council, Natural Resources Wales or Welsh Water
the most exceptional of planning circumstances, and then only if
Wherever possible, the LDP Strategy seeks to enhance
indicates that there would be an over abstraction of water or
it is of such importance to the national interest that the preservation
the biodiversity of the County Borough through native species
decrease in air quality. Assessment will need to take into account
of the undeveloped natural beauty of these areas are outweighed.
landscaping, careful location of development, the creation of green
the effects on water quality and quantity, air quality; and of human
There must also be indisputable evidence that there are no
corridors, and open space management. The various grant
impact and coastal change amongst others.
alternative sites elsewhere which can accommodate the proposal.
regimes and local regeneration initiatives such as Woodland
Management Schemes will also assist in achieving the aim. Only
Development proposals affecting those sites will be
The Integrity of the Countryside
in exceptional circumstances where it is in the public interest, will
rigorously examined. Development proposals will need to be
new development be located where it may have an adverse impact
screened to assess their potential impact (directly and indirectly)
on sites designated for their importance for nature conservation.
on SACs and other Natura 2000 network sites. Assessment will
Policy ENV1
Robust mitigation and compensation will be provided wherever
need to take into account the effects on water quality and quantity;
Development in the Countryside
this situation is unavoidable, in line with considered advice from
air quality; and of human impact and coastal change amongst
statutory and advisory organisations.
others. Habitats Regulations Assessments (HRAs) will be
Development in the countryside of the County Borough
required by the local planning authority to determine whether a
will be strictly controlled.
Policy SP4 also conserves and wherever possible
proposal is likely to have a significant direct or indirect impact (on
enhances the landscape quality as part of the natural environment
its own or cumulatively with other proposals) on internationally
Development may be acceptable where it is necessary
within the County Borough. A high level of protection is afforded to
important sites, and the comments of NRW as the statutory
all areas identified as having high and/or unique landscape
advisor on nature conservation matters will be material to its
1) Agriculture and/or forestry purposes;
importance, particularly the nationally important Glamorgan
consideration. Legislation provides that where it appears that
2) The winning and working of minerals;
Heritage Coast and the outstanding historic landscapes of Kenfig
development would have an adverse effect upon those sites, the
3) Appropriate rural enterprises where a countryside
and Merthyr Mawr Warren, and other regionally and locally
Council is not able to grant planning consent for such a proposal,
location is necessary for the development;
important areas designated as ‘Special Landscape Areas’ (See
but must either refer it to the Welsh Government, or refuse it.
4) The implementation of an appropriate rural
Policy ENV3) all of which are included in the Proposals Map. Other
enterprise/ farm diversification project;
features in the landscape which contribute to its distinctive local
4.1.6 Development which affects a site of national importance
5) Land reclamation purposes;
character, such as agricultural land quality and Common Land,
for nature conservation, (a Site of Special Scientific Interest or a
6) Transportation and/or utilities infrastructure;
will also be taken into account and afforded the appropriate level
National Nature Reserve), will be subject to special scrutiny to
7) The suitable conversion of, and limited extension to,
of protection. The Landscapes Working for Bridgend County
establish any potential or indirect effects upon those sites. Where
existing structurally sound rural buildings where the
Borough Strategy sets out a clear vision for the landscape and
potential impacts remain unknown, a ‘precautionary approach’
development is modest in scale and clearly sub-
ecological assets of the County Borough. The design principles
will be followed by the Council weighted in favour of the
ordinate to the original structure;
and guidelines in the strategy will be used in the assessment of
preservation of those sites. Full regard will be given to Government
8) The direct replacement of an existing dwelling;
relevant planning applications to ensure the design of the
advice and policies relevant to a site’s status, its intrinsic value,
9) Outdoor recreational and sporting activities; or
development respects its local context.
and its value to the national network of such sites. Where an
10) The provision of Gypsy Traveller accommodation.
overriding need for a proposed development is claimed, the onus
Policy SP4 seeks specifically to protect statutorily
is firmly placed on any potential developer and/or owner to clearly
Where development is acceptable in principle in the
designated sites of international or national importance. This
demonstrate the case for the site’s development, and why
countryside it should where possible, utilise existing
policy, together with future development control decisions should
development should not be located elsewhere on a site of less
buildings and previously developed land and/or have an
therefore reflect the relative significance of the site for nature
significance to nature conservation. Sensitive design in
appropriate scale, form and detail for its context.
conservation, placing particular emphasis on the protection of
conjunction with appropriate planning conditions and/or planning
internationally important sites. SAC designations are shown on
obligations/agreements will be pursued by the local planning
the Proposals Map, and represent the ‘highest tier’ of sites of
authority with a view to overcoming potential adverse impacts on
4.1.8 The countryside, for the purposes of the LDP, is defined as
the environmental resource, and to ensure protection and
land lying outside of the designated settlement boundaries (defined
enhancement of a site’s nature conservation interest.
by Policy PLA1). A number of site specific proposals in the LDP
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
are located outside of these boundaries. Although these allocations
To protect the setting of an urban area(s); and
would reduce the openness between settlements to a point where
are located in the countryside, there would be a general
To assist in urban regeneration by encouraging the
they would be vulnerable to coalescence. Although the prevention
Plan 2006-2021
presumption in favour of their development for the specific
recyclingof derelict and other urban land.
of coalescence has been the primary purpose of designation,
purposes of their designation, subject to satisfying other policies
consideration of ‘protecting the setting of an urban area’, especially
in the plan.
along highly visible and potentially easily developable road
frontages has also been taken into account as part of the green
4.1.9 The countryside should be protected for its own sake (i.e.
Development in Green Wedges
wedge methodology which is considered in more detail in the
for its beauty, landscape quality, natural resources, and its
Backgound Paper to the LDP.
agricultural, ecological, geological, physiographic, historical,
Development which causes, or contributes to, the
archaeological and recreational value). Development in the
Landscape Character
coalescence of settlements or reduces the openness of
countryside should benefit the rural economy, whilst maintaining
land between settlements will not be permitted.
or enhancing the environment. Therefore new building in the
Policy ENV3
countryside outside defined settlements or areas allocated for
Special Landscape Areas
The following areas of land have been specifically
development in the LDP will be strictly controlled.
designated as Green Wedges:
Development in Special Landscape Areas (SLAs) will only
4.1.10 The Council recognises the value which people place on
ENV2(1) Coity and Bridgend
be permitted where:
the countryside of the County Borough. Because of the increasing
ENV2(2) Tondu and Coytrahen
pressures for rural development, a robust planning policy
ENV2(3) Coychurch and Pencoed
1) It retains or enhances the character and
framework is essential to reconcile such development with the
ENV2(4) Bridgend and Laleston
distinctiveness of the SLA;
need to protect the countryside.
ENV2(5) Bridgend and Sarn
ENV2(6) Kenfig Hill and Cefn Cribwr
2) The design of the development reflects the building
4.1.11 It is accepted that certain developments may be
ENV2(7) Cwmfelin, Llangynwyd and Pontrhydycyff
traditions of the locality in its form, materials and
appropriate in the countryside, provided that they will encourage
ENV2(8) Penyfai and Aberkenfig
details, and/or assimilates itself into the wider
rural enterprise and bring wider community benefits to the County
ENV2(9) Penyfai and Bridgend
landscape; and
Borough or region. Examples are mineral extraction, or
ENV2(10) Aberkenfig and Sarn
improvements to transportation, or essential utility service
ENV2(11) Bridgend and Ewenny
3) The proposed development is accompanied by a
infrastructure, where these developments could not be located in
ENV2(12) Kenfig and Mawdlam
landscape assessment which takes into account the
neighbouring designated settlements. However these
ENV2(13) Blackmill and Ogmore Valley Pantyrawel
impact of the development and sets out proposals to
developments will still need to meet other policies in the Plan,
ENV2(14) Ogmore Valley Nantymoel and Ogmore Vale
mitigate any adverse effects.
particularly those in relation to nature and environmental protection.
In this respect, the following areas have been designated
4.1.12 Policy ENV1 therefore represents the starting point for the
as Special Landscape Areas:
4.1.14 The Council acknowledges that the rigorous application
assessment of all future development proposals for development
of settlement boundaries as limits to urban built development, as
in ‘the countryside’ of the County Borough. The policy will not be
ENV3(1) Foel y Dyffryn
defined in Policy PLA1, will achieve most of the aims listed above.
set aside lightly, in the interests of maintaining the integrity of the
ENV3(2) Northern Uplands
However, the Council considers that, due to the proximity of some
ENV3(3) Western Uplands
neighbouring settlements and/or development pressure, some
ENV3(4) Bryngarw Country Park
areas of countryside are more vulnerable than others in terms of
ENV3(5) Mynydd y Gaer
4.1.13 Protection of the integrity of individual settlements is a well-
coalescence with one another. Therefore, in the LDP the overriding
ENV3(6) Kenfig Burrows
established principle of planning policy which the Council will
purpose of the Green Wedge allocations is for their primary
ENV3(7) Laleston
function, namely to prevent the coalescence of settlements.
continue to rigorously apply. Policy ENV2 reinforces this by
ENV3(8) Porthcawl Coast
allocating certain areas of the County Borough as ‘Green Wedges’.
ENV3(9) Merthyr Mawr Warren
Advice contained in Planning Policy Wales states that the purpose
4.1.15 ‘Green Wedges’ perform this function by maintaining an
of a Green Wedge is to:-
open area of countryside between settlements, and thereby afford
The settings of SLAs will be protected with consideration
a higher degree of protection for that land which lies beyond the
of the views from those areas to the settlements of the
To prevent the coalescence of settlements;
designated settlement boundaries. The areas identified under
County Borough. New development within settlements
Policy ENV2 are between settlement boundaries which are either
To manage urban form through controlled expansion of
should be designed to provide an attractive transition
urban areas;
already close enough where distance alone makes them
between the urban area and the countryside.
vulnerable to coalescence, or are areas known to have been
To assist in safeguarding the countryside from
subject to past pressures for inappropriate development, which
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County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
4.1.16 A consistent characterisation and definition of landscapes
Biodiversity and Habitats
4.1.23 All of these sites are addressed in the Council’s adopted
and sites is now possible throughout South East Wales as the
Local Biodiversity Action Plan
(LBAP), which offers
Plan 2006-2021
Council participated in a consortium of local authorities to progress
Supplementary Planning Guidance (SPG) to assist in the planning
Policy ENV4
a project using the “Landmap” methodology for landscape
and management of those sites. Those SINCs already included
Local/Regional Nature Conservation Sites
assessment, as recommended by Natural Resources Wales.
in the Council’s LBAP have been validated on a scientific basis
This assessment includes the many facets of the landscape and
prior to their inclusion in that document. Any additional sites to be
provides a clearer context for the landscape designations in
Development within or adjacent to a:
promoted will go through the same process of validation before
development plans.
inclusion in any future review of the LBAP. All existing and proposed
ENV4(1) Local Nature Reserve (LNR);
LNRs and RIGS are shown on the Proposals Map of the LDP;
ENV4(2) Site of Importance for Nature Conservation
however, in the interests of clarity, and in view of their number
4.1.17 In a collaborative exercise in 2007 a consortium of South
East Wales Local Authorities (including Bridgend) commissioned
(SINC); or
and variety in terms of scale, SINCs are excluded from the
consultants to produce criteria for the designation of ‘Special
ENV4(3) Regionally Important Geodiversity Site (RIGS);
Proposals Map. Full details of the latter are already included in
Landscape Areas’. Fundamental to this assessment procedure
the Council’s LBAP as adopted Supplementary Planning Guidance
should be compatible with the nature conservation or
methodology is the use of the LANDMAP data which is split into
and will be revised in conjunction with the LDP which will include
scientific interest of the area, whilst promoting their
five character areas to critically evaluate the quality of the
a comprehensive review of all SINCs within the County Borough.
educational role.
landscape across different spatial ‘aspect areas’.
This work will form part of the Green Infrastructure SPG which is
expected to be in place by 2014 and the adoption of which is
Developments which would have an adverse impact on
4.1.18 The Council has since commissioned further work to take
included as an indicator within the LDP monitoring framework.
these sites will not be permitted unless the benefits
forward this methodology to recommend specific boundaries for
associated with the development can be demonstrated
SLAs in the County Borough. This assessment recommended
Policy ENV5
to outweigh the harm and/or the harm can be reduced or
that nine areas warranted consideration for inclusion in the LDP.
removed by appropriate mitigation and/or compensation
Green Infrastructure
These ‘candidate SLAs’ are designated in Policy ENV3 and have
been transposed on to the LDP Proposals Map.
Green infrastructure will be provided through the
protection and enhancement of existing natural assets
4.1.19 Special Landscape Areas are those which are important
and the creation of new multi-functional areas of green
locally within the County Borough in the context of a sub-regional
4.1.20 In order that an holistic approach is taken to nature
space. Green infrastructure corridors will connect
assessment framework. It should be noted that some of these
conservation and/or areas of scientific interest in the County
locations of natural heritage, green space, biodiversity
designations coincide, overlap or are inclusive of other regionally
Borough, Policy ENV4 builds on Strategic Policy SP4 and provides
or other environmental interest. They will be
or nationally important environmental designations that are made
a second tier of protection above that afforded by national policy
safeguarded through:
for landscape reasons and other purposes not related to
which is necessary to protect those sites defined in the LDP as
landscape considerations. Development within these SLAs will
being of regional or local importance.
1) Not permitting development that compromises their
not be favoured unless adequate measures can be taken to reduce
integrity and therefore that of the overall green
any adverse effects and/or visual intrusion posed by the proposals
4.1.21 The regionally and locally important sites identified in Policy
infrastructure framework;
to minimum acceptable levels in planning terms. Likewise, the
ENV4 (which include all designated Local Nature Reserves, Sites
integrity of the SLAs will be maintained by ensuring that
of Importance for Nature Conservation, and identified Regionally
2) Using developer contributions to facilitate improve-
development within urban areas does not materially impact upon
Important Geodiversity Sites) are important to biodiversity and
ments to their quality and robustness;
the wider landscape viewable from within the SLA itself.
the conservation of scientific interest in the County Borough.
3) Investing in appropriate management, enhancement
4.1.22 Where development is considered to outweigh protection
and restoration, and the creation of new resources.
of these regionally and locally important sites, developers must
demonstrate that every attempt has been made to minimise
impact on the site and/or to provide compensatory or mitigation
4.1.24 Green Infrastructure is a network of multifunctional green
measures for any loss of the site, its biodiversity or its scientific
spaces, natural features and environmental management
interest. Proposals must also include measures for the longer
systems which help to provide a natural life support system for
term maintenance of the site (including any habitats) to ensure
people and wildlife. They can provide opportunities for recreation
that they remain sustainable. In respect of biodiversity, the Local
and tourism, public access, education, biodiversity, water
Biodiversity Action Plan will represent a major consideration in
management, the protection and enhancement of the local
determining the propriety of impact mitigation or replacement of
landscape and mitigation of and adaption to climate change and
any site subject of Policy ENV4.
the effects of Peak Oil. Elements of Green Infrastructure include:-
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
4.1.28 Every opportunity must be taken to record important
Policy ENV6
biodiversity features within a site prior to their displacement and
Nature Conservation
Plan 2006-2021
ongoing management, or in the worst case scenarios, before such
features may be permanently lost. The latter situation will,
Proposals for development or redevelopment will be
however, be avoided wherever possible by the Council requiring
required to:
appropriate mitigation and compensatory measures in order to
secure the future biodiversity of those sites. These measures
1. In the first instance, retain, conserve, restore and
will be secured by means of planning conditions and/or planning
enhance wherever possible existing:
obligations or agreements with developers.
a) Woodland;
b) Trees;
4.1.29 The protection and enhancement of wildlife corridors and
c) Hedgerows;
networks is considered to be essential to secure the longer-term
d) Wetlands;
protection of biodiversity in the County Borough. Development
e) Watercourses;
proposals must therefore take into account, and should not
adversely affect (but seek to restore and enhance), the integrity
g) Green Lanes/Wildlife Corridors;
or continuity of existing landscape features, landforms and habitats
h) Geological Features;
of importance to local fauna and flora. The Council will therefore
Other Natural Features or Habitats.
expect potential developers to provide for the necessary ongoing
2. Where this is demonstrated not to be possible,
conservation and management of wildlife corridors in their
Parks and gardens;
suitable mitigation or compensatory measures will
development proposals, and, as a last resort, provide for the local
Amenity green space (eg village greens, playing fields);
be required to secure biodiversity including future
replacement of those features which support and provide corridors
Natural and semi-natural urban green spaces (eg grassland,
management programmes.
for wildlife.
woodland, wasteland, open and running water);
3. Avoid or overcome harm to nature conservation assets
Green corridors (eg rivers, road and rail corridors and public
4.1.30 Schedules 5 and 8 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act
and/or species of wildlife which may be either resident,
rights of way including cycling routes, footpaths and bridal
1981 and Part III of the Conservation (Natural Habitats & etc.)
in-situ or which can be demonstrated to have
Regulations (1994) (as amended) give special protection to a wide
frequented habitats within the site on a migratory
Other areas (such as allotments, cemeteries and church-
range of animals and plants and introduces penalties for disturbing
their habitats. The protection of these species is not confined to
designated areas, but must be taken into account wherever a
4.1.25 This network of land and water supports biodiversity,
planning application may affect those species and their habitats
maintains natural and ecological processes, sustains air and
4.1.27 The Natural Environment and Rural Communities (NERC)
water resources, ameliorates adverse effects of climate change
Act 2006 places a statutory duty on public bodies to conserve
4.1.31 Woodland, small groups of trees, individual trees and
and contributes to the health and quality of life of people and
biodiversity. It is therefore essential that a balance is achieved
hedgerows are aspects of biodiversity, and, as such, make a
between the need for development and the need to protect existing
particularly beneficial contribution to the natural and built
habitats and species which contribute to the general biodiversity
environment. Areas of woodland can also be a significant feature
4.1.26 By adopting the green infrastructure approach,
of the County Borough. It is the aim of Policy ENV6 to achieve
in the landscape, providing opportunities for local nature
development schemes may be adapted or designed to provide:
that balance between the location, design, and layout of
conservation, and they may lessen the impact of air pollution, so
improved connectivity through footpaths and cycle routes; space
development or redevelopment, and the need to conserve that
assisting in redressing the process of global warming and climate
for nature that contributes to the local or sub-regional pattern of
site’s biodiversity interest, whilst also taking into account the
change. It is important, therefore, that development or other
connected habitat, and imaginative recreational facilities that give
interests of any adjacent nature conservation resources.
activities which may be detrimental to trees and nature
educational and physical health benefits to local people. The Green
conservation should be minimised and mitigation / compensation
Infrastructure Approach will therefore be used in the context of
of a scale and value appropriate to the damage or loss provided,
providing new outdoor recreation facilities, as required by Policy
and for planned management of the County Borough’s woodland
COM11 and the implementation of various recreation proposals
and forestry resources to be encouraged.
for new playing fields, public open space, accessible natural
greenspace, allotments etc. detailed in Policies COM12, COM13
4.1.32 The implementation of Policy ENV6 is anticipated to be
and COM14. Further guidance on this will be issued in the form
complemented by a dedicated Supplementary Planning Guidance
of a Green Infrastructure Plan as Supplementary Planning
(SPG) which will be produced by the Council in due course.
Guidance (SPG).
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Built and Historic Environment
The built heritage comprises the following statutorily-
Policy ENV7
recorded heritage assets:
Natural Resource Protection and Public Health
Plan 2006-2021
Strategic Policy SP5
1. The very special buildings and structures - the ‘listed buildings’.
Development proposals will only be permitted where it
These are noted for their regional or national importance
can be demonstrated that they would not cause a new, or
Conservation of the Built and Historic Environment
as being of special architectural or historic interest. There are
exacerbate an existing, unacceptable risk of harm to
362 listed buildings in Bridgend County Borough.
health, biodiversity and/or local amenity due to:
Development should conserve, preserve, or enhance
2. The special structures and earthworks that have particular
the built and historic environment of the County Borough
archaeological significance - the ‘ancient monuments’.
1) Air pollution;
and its setting.
3. The noted areas of particular architectural or historic interest
2) Noise pollution;
- the ‘conservation areas’. There are 15 conservation areas in
In particular, development proposals will only be
Bridgend County Borough.
3) Light pollution;
permitted where it can be demonstrated that they will
4) Contamination (including invasive species);
not have a significant adverse impact upon the following
These components of the built heritage are protected by
heritage assets:
other Acts of Parliament separate from the Planning Acts.
5) Land instability;
Accordingly, the LDP does not need to include specific policies
SP5(1) Listed Buildings and their settings;
6) Water (including groundwater) pollution;
directly relevant to these matters. BCBC does, however, strongly
SP5(2) Conservation Areas and their settings;
value these heritage assets, and any development proposals
7) Any other identified risk to public health or safety.
SP5(3) Scheduled Ancient Monuments;
which affect a listed building, an ancient monument, or a
SP5(4) Sites or Areas of Archaeological Significance;
conservation area, or the settings of any of these, should take full
Development in areas currently subject to the above will
SP5(5) Historic Landscapes, Parks and Gardens or;
account of the relevant but separate legislation and advice. The
need to demonstrate mitigation measures to reduce the
SP5(6) Locally Significant Buildings;
design and access statement accompanying any application for
risk of harm to public health, biodiversity and/or local
planning permission should, where relevant, clearly set out how
amenity to an acceptable level.
LDP Objective: 2a
the development is compatible with the preservation, conservation,
or enhancement of a statutorily noted heritage asset.
4.1.33 Various types of pollution may cause significant damage
to human health, biodiversity, quality of life and residential amenity,
The built heritage also comprises the following:
Care for the Built and Historic Environment is fundamental
as well as having an impact on both the natural and built
to the LDP Strategy and to achieving sustainable development.
environment. Policy ENV7 ensures that developments that would
1. Noted historic parks and gardens. There are five such parks
Development proposals must take account of heritage assets
result in unacceptably high levels of noise, light, water or air
and gardens in Bridgend County Borough which have been
where these are directly or indirectly affected. Development which
pollution are located away from residential areas and other
included on the Register of Landscapes, Parks and Gardens
directly affects architecturally or historically important buildings,
sensitive uses. The policy will also ensure that development
of Special Historic Interest in Wales, drawn up by Cadw. These
conservation areas, ancient monuments, archaeological sites,
proposals are not located in close proximity to existing sources
parks and gardens have no statutory protection, but they must
historic landscapes, parks and gardens (or their settings) must
of pollution which have not previously been addressed.
be taken into account when development proposals are made
take account of their specific characteristics and ensure that the
that either affect them directly or that affect their setting.
heritage assets are preserved and/or enhanced. Occasionally
4.1.34 Developments and operations involving scrub clearance
2. Heritage buildings and structures which have a particular
the built or natural heritage will be a constraint, the need for
and soil removal off-site can have implications for the spread of
architectural or historic interest in the immediate local context
preservation outweighing the benefit of development. More often
invasive species, some of which, such as Japanese knotweed
while not meeting the strict quality standard for inclusion on
a heritage asset will be an opportunity for the restoration and re-
and Himalayan balsam are subject to Natural Resources Wales'
the statutory list. The County Borough Council is currently
use of historic buildings, for the strengthening of local identity
licence control measures as part of the Environmental Protection
preparing a schedule of these buildings, which will form the
through respect for local characteristics of design, for the
Act (1990). Advice should, therefore, be sought prior to clearance
basis of a ‘local list’ that will, after public consultation, be adopted
interpretation of hidden heritage assets, or for the enhancement
works as to whether a site is contaminated with invasive species
as supplementary planning guidance.
of the characteristic natural environment.
and what measures are required to ensure that these species do
3. All the other modest background buildings that contribute to
not spread to neighbouring land or other areas where cleared
local identity, that reflect the continuity of local history, and that
The strategy requires high quality design and carefully-
material containing invasive species is deposited. Natural
act as a collective memory that binds the community of
sited development that is both in keeping and scale with its
Resouces Wales should be consulted if it is intended to use
Bridgend County Borough together.
location, and which is sensitive to the character of the historic
pesticides/herbicides in or near all aquatic habitats, to include all
4. The history embodied in the unscheduled archaeological
built and natural environment. The various grant schemes
watercourses, waterbodies and areas of open water and wet
available, and local regeneration initiatives, will assist in achieving
this aim.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
These elements of the built heritage have no direct
4.2.12 Policy SP5 requires that development proposals take full
4.2.18 There are special controls on demolition and development
statutory protection, but are of great significance to the quality of
account of the setting of any listed building in the vicinity and that
within conservation areas, under the provisions of the Planning
the environment and the special identity of Bridgend County
developers demonstrate that the setting will not be harmed. The
Plan 2006-2021
(Listed Buildings & Conservation Areas) Act 1990. Reference
Council intends to produce Supplementary Planning Guidance
should be made to this and to Circular 61/96: Planning and the
(SPG), as part of its Built Heritage Strategy which will expand
Historic Environment -Historic Buildings and Conservation Areas.
Listed Buildings
upon this policy and reflect the local situation, characteristics and
It is also recommended that owners or developers seek early
vernacular of the historic environment in the County Borough to
advice from the County Borough Council prior to making an
Bridgend County Borough Council considers that listed
assist developers for the implementation of this policy.
application for demolition or development within a conservation
buildings and their settings play a significant role in the townscape
and landscape of the County Borough. It therefore attaches
Locally Significant Buildings
importance to their conservation.
4.2.13 Many buildings and structures that do not reach that very
Policy ENV8
Once a building is listed (or is subject to a Building
special standard which merits inclusion on the statutory list are
Heritage Assets and Regeneration
Preservation Notice) no work to the interior or exterior of the
nevertheless of value to the identity of the County Borough for
building, or to buildings within its curtilage, that would affect the
their design, materials, social and historical associations and/or
Development which respects and utilises heritage assets
special architectural or historic interest of the building can be
contribution to the local scene. An inventory of such buildings -
and which preserve, conserve, or enhance the local
undertaken without Listed Building Consent. This can include work
the ‘Local List’, is currently being prepared as part of the Built
distinctiveness of the County Borough will be permitted.
that would not require planning permission under the provisions
Heritage Strategy. The inventory, which will include details of the
of the Planning Acts.
interest of each building, will, after public consultation, be adopted
Development which would materially harm heritage assets
as Supplementary Planning Guidance.
and features will not be permitted.
Listed building control is subject to the provisions of the
Planning (Listed Buildings & Conservation Areas) Act 1990. Advice
4.2.14 While inclusion on the local list will not bring any additional
is set out in Circular 61/96. There is no statutory requirement to
statutory protection to the buildings, it is the intention of policy
have regard to the provisions of the development plan when
SP5 to ensure that full consideration is given to the conservation
4.2.19 Bridgend County Borough Council values its built heritage.
considering an application for listed building consent. It is strongly
and continued use of such buildings, as part of the protection and
The built heritage is at the heart of local identity. The Council sees
recommended, however, that owners or developers seek early
enhancement of the special identity of Bridgend County Borough.
heritage assets as vital elements of the regeneration of the County
advice from the County Borough Council prior to making an
Borough. Heritage-led regeneration maintains and strengthens
application for listed building consent.
Conservation Areas
the unique local identity that underlies the memorability and
attractiveness of the Borough to inward investment. The built
4.2.10 Where policy SP5 is particularly relevant, however, is in
4.2.15 The fifteen conservation areas designated to date are
heritage offers guidelines for new development that strengthens
the case of development that affects the setting of a listed building.
identified on the LDP Proposals Map. Bridgend County Borough
the character of Bridgend County Borough.
Listed building consent is not required if the development only
Council will be preparing a conservation area character appraisal
affects the setting, but considerable damage can be done to the
for each conservation area as part of the Built Heritage Strategy.
4.2.20 Restoration and re-use is also a basic principle of
architectural or historic interest of the listed building if the
developing sustainably. Standing buildings represent an
development is insensitive in design, scale or positioning.
4.2.16 Each of these appraisals will be prepared in draft, and
investment of material and energy that should not be lightly cast
following public consultation and any necessary amendment, will
aside. Bridgend County Borough Council is preparing a Built
4.2.11 The setting of a listed building is often an essential feature
provide a clear and agreed definition of those elements which
Heritage Strategy with the objective of collating information about
of its character. The setting may be limited to the immediate
contribute to the special character or historic interest of the area.
the heritage assets of the County Borough and setting out an
surroundings, but it can extend for a considerable distance. A
An appraisal also facilitates the development of a robust policy
action plan for their conservation.
proposed development might affect the gardens or parkland of a
framework for the future management and enhancement of the
major house, or the street setting of an urban building that forms
conservation area, against which planning applications will be
4.2.21 New developments within historic areas should be
a important visual element of that street. A high building may
designed in such a way as to preserve or enhance their special
adversely affect views of a listed building even though it is far
character. By retaining characteristic elements of their layout, for
from that building.
4.2.17 Both policy SP5 and the forthcoming conservation area
example, visually and architecturally important spaces can be
character appraisals will not inhibit necessary adaptation and
protected or created, thereby making a positive contribution to
change in the designated and future conservation areas. It is
the appeal of the area. Rundown historic areas or buildings can
essential, however, that future development does not destroy or
be regenerated by environmental improvement schemes.
devalue their character and appearance.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
acknowledges the fact that minerals can only be worked where
they occur. Hence, administrative boundaries should not be seen
Plan 2006-2021
as a barrier to the objective of providing a sustainable supply of
Strategic Policy SP6
resources close to markets.
Minerals Planning Policy Wales (MPPW), Mineral Technical
Advice Notes 1 and 2, and the Regional Technical Statement (RTS)
for Aggregates, set out guidance/advice on how development plans
A contribution to the national, regional and local demand
should address mineral issues. They support a strong and
for a continuous supply of minerals, in a sustainable
sustainable approach to mineral planning, while ensuring valuable
manner, will be achieved by:
finite resources are safeguarded for possible future extraction.
In terms of the supply of aggregates the maximum use of
1) Maintaining a minimum 10 year supply of aggregates
secondary and recycled aggregates from commercial and
throughout the plan period;
demolition sources in preference to primary aggregates is
2) Safeguarding identified areas of high quality finite
promoted. Strategic Policy 6 therefore supports these national
resources of coal, sand and gravel, limestone and
and regional policy requirements.
3) Promoting the efficient usage of aggregates,
MTAN2: Coal - seeks to balance the needs of the
promoting the use of commercial and demolition
environment with those of the economy and requires Mineral
waste and secondary aggregates, and maximising the
4.2.22 Sustaining the historic environment is not just about
Planning Authorities to direct the coal industry to those areas where
use of these alternative materials before the use of
preserving the past, but is also concerned with the present, and
extraction would be most appropriate. In terms of coal, the LDP
virgin aggregate;
the future. Conservation of the historic and built heritage is not
Strategy safeguards primary and secondary coal resources in
4) Ensuring that mineral development will not negatively
about static preservation, but is rather a part of a longer-term
Bridgend County Borough. The majority of the band of ‘primary’
impact on amenity and the environment;
process which extends well beyond the lifespan of the LDP. Policy
resources of coal, running from Pencoed to Pyle has been worked
5) Mitigate against the conflict between sensitive land
ENV8 recognises that a key element in that process is the need
out, but significant areas of ‘secondary’ coal resources still exist,
uses, and mineral operations by defining buffer and
to recognise ‘local distinctiveness’ in the historic environment as
primarily in the north of the County Borough, which need to be
exclusion zones around mineral sites and relevant
a balance to the widespread emphasis on a few select sites of
safeguarded. Safeguarding areas for potential sources of sand
settlement boundaries respectively.
national importance. It also recognises the important role of
and gravel are identified on the Proposals Map. Their specific
Conservation Areas and Listed Buildings in delivering good quality
locations are sourced from MTAN1 and more recent data from
LDP Objective: 2d
regeneration of our local communities whilst still cherishing their
the British Geological Survey (BGS). Strategic Policy 6 also
historical significance.
protects these areas from permanent development which could
sterilise this valuable future resource. Similarly, the Policy also
In terms of maintaining a minimum 10 year supply of
safeguards areas of limestone and sandstone, and these are also
aggregates throughout the Plan period, and contributing to
identified on the Proposals Map.
satisfying national, regional and local demand, the limestone
quarries within the County Borough contribute approximately 8%
of the South Wales region’s total crushed rock sales for the
aggregates market. In 2009, the aggregate reserves figure was
estimated at about 40 years after allowing for the likely sales of
high purity limestone for non-aggregate use, such as sinter flux
in steel making industry (Port Talbot steelworks). An increase in
demand for the latter material could reduce the available aggregate
reserve. This figure is sufficient to satisfy the region's requirements
in accordance with the Regional Technical Statement (see
Background Paper : Minerals) and where there are identified
shortfalls in reserves in neighbouring authorities any 'excess' of
reserves in Bridgend could be utilised to address such a
shortfall.This collaborative working between authorities is
promoted by the Regional Technical Statement (RTS) and
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Policy ENV9
Policy ENV10
Policy ENV11
Development in Mineral Safeguarding Areas
Development within Mineral Buffer Zones
Mineral Development
Plan 2006-2021
Proposed development within buffer zones will need to
All mineral related developments, including underground
Development proposals within mineral safeguarding
demonstrate that:
gas extraction will be permitted only where all of the
areas, either permanent or temporary, will need to
following criteria are satisfied:
demonstrate that:
1) The mineral resource will not be sterilised; and
1) Pollution of ground and surface waterbodies is
1) If permanent development, the mineral can be
extracted prior to the development, and/or the mineral
2) The proposals will not be adversely affected to an
is present in such limited quantity or quality to make
unacceptable degree by mineral operations.
2) Measures will be taken to reduce, and where possible
extraction of no or little value as a finite resource;
avoid, damage or disturbance to the environment to
Mineral Buffer zones are shown on the Proposals Map
acceptable levels with specific reference to:
around all quarries and mineral operations, including dormant sites.
2) In the case of residential development, the scale and
The purpose of buffer zones is to protect both mineral reserves
a) The impact on the landscape of the area;
location of the development e.g. limited infill/house
(resources with planning permission) and mineral resources from
b) The effect on nature conservation and wildlife
extensions, would have no significant impact on the
development which may sterilise them, but also to ensure the
interests of the site and adjoining land;
possible working of the resource; and
environmental effects of quarrying/mining do not adversely affect
c) The effect on agricultural interests particularly on
sensitive development such as housing. Consequently,
high quality agricultural land;
3) In the case of temporary development, it can be
development such as extensions to existing properties, small infill
d) The effect on sites of archaeological importance;
implemented and the site restored within the timescale
development within settlement boundaries would normally be
e) The impact on the stability of adjoining land; and
the mineral is likely to be required.
permitted. For the purposes of the LDP, mineral buffer zones
f) The potential for mine gas emissions.
have only been identified on the Proposals Map around sites with
‘Mineral Reserves’.
As set out in MTAN1, MTAN2 and MPPW, the safeguarding
3) Measures will be taken to reduce damage or
of finite minerals resources is a means of preserving natural
disturbance to neighbouring land uses to
In accordance with MTAN(1) and Coal MTAN(2), the buffer
acceptable levels including:
resources for future generations. This does not infer these will
zones have been defined by a 200 metre (for limestone/sandstone
ever be worked and in most cases only very limited use will be
quarries) and 500 metre zone (for active coal extraction operations)
a) The effects of excessive noise, dust or vibration
made of them. It is also important to remember safeguarding also
respectively. This difference reflects the difference in the intrusive
does not confer any permission/ allocation for extraction/
arising from the methods of working set out in
nature of the developments on amenity and the environment.
a health impact assessment; and
These issues have been further amplified in the Mineral
b) The impact of traffic generated to and from the site.
Background Paper.
In most instances, development may proceed within
4) Proposals for the duration and phasing of operations,
safeguarding areas as long as developers demonstrate the
Certain land uses such as office, industrial and
resource in question is either of poor quality/quantity and would
restoration, beneficial after-use and aftercare are
commercial uses may be permissible within buffer zones as they
not be economical to exploit, or the nature of the development in
acceptable and priority should be given to a nature
are less sensitive to any adverse effects such as blasting. Other
conservation end use.
question would not prejudice exploitation of the resource. Such
such uses as schools, and health premises would be less tolerant
consideration will normally be made at the planning application
This policy seeks to list all of the environmental factors against
and generally would not be permitted.
stage and should form part of any submission for approval.
which applications for mineral development, including coal, are
assessed. Policy ENV11 will be used to assess proposals for new
development, extensions, and mineral review applications. Given
the variety and diverse nature of such applications, however, other
factors such as the need for planning agreements/obligations in
accordance with Policy SP14 may also need to be considered for
major development.
4.3.10 Because of their scale, some mineral sites provide an ideal
opportunity for habitat creation to help meet objectives in the Local
Biodiversity Action Plan and the proposed Green Infrastructure Plan. In
order to sustain such new habitat, it will normally be necessary to secure
funding from the developer to ensure the long term integrity of the site.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Underground Gas Extraction
Unstable Land
Plan 2006-2021
4.3.11 It is possible that the extraction of underground gases
Policy ENV13
as a source of energy can take place where any environ-
Unstable Land
mental impacts are mitigated against by appropriate safe
guarding and monitoring measures. The impacts are entirely
Where proposals affect land which has known instability/
different from those arising from opencast or deep coal
landslip issues, any planning application must be
mining operations.
accompanied by a stability report which:
4.3.12 The location and siting of sites need to be carefully
1) Identifies and assesses the risk of instability in a
chosen. This involves a sieving process which identifies all
report produced by a qualified professional in an
relevant designations from the LDP and consultation with
appropriate discipline;
relevant stakeholders. The process is designed to locate the
proposed site in the most appropriate location taking into
2) Identifies the measures required to mitigate against
account all relevant designations and sensitive areas.
any identified risk(s);
4.3.13 Policy ENV11 provides policy guidance on mineral
3) Stipulates routine monitoring and assessment of any
extraction which would relate to such proposals. In addition,
future works required; and
proposals for underground gas extraction will be assessed
4.3.15 Coal MTAN (2) requires all authorities to define where coal
against Policy SP2: Sustainable Place Making, as well as other
4) Assesses the need for formal environmental assess-
related development would be unacceptable and identify these
policies from the Environment chapter, to ensure that they do
ment for any identified stabilisation works.
areas on the Proposals Map. In order to achieve this the policy
not adversely affect environmental designations or amenity.
identifies those areas which have an international/national nature
conservation designation where no coal extraction would be
4.3.14 Mineral gas is a finite resource and it is not considered
permitted. The coal resource area is defined by the BGS coal
to be a source of renewable energy and therefore not truly
Unstable land can be the result of a variety of natural or
resource plan.
sustainable. Nonetheless, its benefits and efficiency as a
man-made/actions. These can include natural landslips; swallow
source of energy when compared to other fossil fuels and the
holes caused by the passage of water in certain types of rock;
4.3.16 Policy ENV12 makes it clear where coal extraction would
ability to combine such operations with carbon capture are still
past under-ground mining activities (either from opencasting or
be unacceptable (unless for deemed exceptions prescribed in
being developed and evaluated. This may prove useful in
deep mine operations); ground compression from landfill
ENV12(i) above) in principle but recognises that coal extraction
reducing levels of CO2 and hence reduce climate change in
operations; extreme climatic conditions (such as prolonged
may be acceptable in the remaining coal safeguarding area
the future to some degree. All underground gas extraction
freezing or flooding); or building on strata which contains clay.
subject to the specified criteria in Policies ENV 11 and 12 being
proposals will be considered against policy ENV11 and
determined on a case by case basis.
The Council holds a database on landslip areas but this is
not definitive. Whilst most natural landslip areas lie to the north of
4.3.17 The coal safeguarding area shown on the Proposals Map
the M4, other unstable land features such as swallow holes occur
defines areas of shallow coal resources which may in theory be
Policy ENV12
in some carboniferous limestone areas in the south of the
worked at some point in time. Within this area, areas of high
Coal Extraction Operations
Borough. It is not possible, however, to define the precise area
environmental designation (SAC’s and SSSI’s) would normally
where these may occur as they are a natural and progressive/
be precluded from coal extraction. In all other areas of the defined
Coal extraction operations within 500 metres of a settlement
evolving features. Any developers considering carrying out built
coal safeguarding area, proposals may be deemed acceptable
boundary will be considered unacceptable in principle unless
development, including drainage systems such as soakaways,
provided they satisfy the relevant criteria of no demonstrable harm
they are deemed as exceptions as outlined in paragraph 49
should therefore contact a qualified engineer to discuss any
to amenity and the environment; there are clear and convincing
of Minerals Technical Advice Note (TAN) 2: Coal.
constraints to development before any proposals reach the
community benefits; and it would be in the public interest to allow
planning application stage.
development to proceed.
Elsewhere proposals for coal extraction will need to satisfy
the mineral development criteria of Policy ENV11. Where this
It is important to note that the onus is on the developer to
cannot be achieved any adverse effects resulting from coal
rectify any ground stability issues to ensure the safety of property
extraction operations will need to demonstrate local or
and the general public.
community benefits which clearly outweigh the disbenefits.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Waste Management
acknowledged they are required to provide society with the
necessary waste framework to deliver national/regional waste
Plan 2006-2021
targets and reduce landfill.
Strategic Policy SP7
Waste Management
Policy ENV14
Inert Waste
Provision will be made for new waste treatment facilities
to meet the regionally identified need to treat up to
Proposals for the deposition of locally generated inert
228,000 tonnes of waste per annum. In this respect the
waste on sites in the countryside will only be permitted
following sites will be favoured:
where it is necessary for the facilitation of acceptable
development as defined in Policy ENV1 and where all of
SP7(1) Land at Heol-y-Splott, South Cornelly
the following criteria are satisfied:
SP7(2) Brynmenyn Industrial Estate, Brynmenyn
SP7(3) Village Farm Industrial Estate, Pyle
1) The waste satisfies the definition of inert waste as
SP7(4) Brackla/Litchard Industrial Estate, Bridgend
defined by current legislation;
SP7(5) Waterton Industrial Estate, Bridgend
depending on the volume of waste and availability of sites needed
to meet the Council’s requirements. At present, there is no landfill
2) The nature of the waste is such that it cannot be re-
Policy SP7(2)-SP7(5) are sites included within land
capacity within the County Borough now that the Tythegston landfill
used or recycled other than for basic fill use;
allocated for employment purposes as defined by Policy
has reached full capacity.
3) The proposed final landform is compatible with the
The Regional Waste Plan (RWP) requires individual
existing surrounding ground levels;
Other appropriate sites on land allocated for B2
authorities to designate sites suitable for the provision of waste
employment uses to meet projected local and regional
facilities which may serve a regional rather than just a local need.
4) The natural drainage of the site or adjoining land
needs/capacity will be permitted provided they meet the
The specified sites represent a cross-section which by virtue of
would not be impeded;
requirements of Policy ENV16.
their location and capacity for larger developments are considered
suitable for allocation. All of the sites identified in SP7 are located
5) Arrangements can be made to prevent the pollution
LDP Objective: 2d
in relative proximity to future receptors as part of the wider urban
of surface or underground water;
fabric should future waste treatment facilities combine with energy
generation initiatives. Some of the sites are constrained in part
6) The landform is landscaped in an appropriate manner
The Regional Waste Plan (1st Review) identifies a required
by the risk of flooding but still contain sufficient land outside of the
unless compacted areas are required for built
indicative capacity for Bridgend County Borough to be between
floodplain to offer a variety of sites and buildings as future
185,000 and 228,000 tonnes, equating to between 3 and 4 new
development options.
in-building sites on between 7.7 -11.9 hectares.
Of the sites identified, land at Heol-y-Splott, South Cornelly
The South West Regional Waste Plan requires each
(SP7(1)),is considered to be the most suitable site to meet the
A significant number of proposals for the tipping of inert
constituent authority to identify sites/areas which are considered
need for a regional facility if required, due to its proximity to the
waste (soils, bricks, concrete, stone etc) are received on land
appropriate for the location of waste processing facilities. Those
M4 corridor and the strategic road network.
which forms part of farms for the purposes of land reclamation
industrial estates listed in Policy SP7 are designated for B1, B2
and/or to facilitate a base for built-development. In many cases,
and B8 uses as defined by Policy REG1 and have been identified
As acknowledged in the RWP 1st Review, the majority of
the proposals include material which can be segregated and
as being acceptable in principle to accommodate new waste
waste processing facilities can be accommodated on
recycled and used for beneficial use rather than a basic fill material.
processing facilities. Such facilities may serve both local and sub-
employment/industrial estates. Some operations, however, may
In order to retain proper control over such activities and reduce
regional/regional needs. This provides for a degree of over-
generate effects which require they are divorced from settlements
adverse visual as well as other impacts on the countryside, the
provision, but some certainty to waste facility developers where
to avoid problems with emissions, but these will still need to be
policy seeks to set out a sustainable approach to the proper control
there are opportunities to locate in the future.
compatible with landscape and other material considerations such
of such activities to ensure the protection of the countryside and
as access constraints and traffic movements. Rural areas are
the re-use of waste materials other than for tipping. Such use of
The Regional Waste Plan identifies preferred areas of
by their very nature quiet areas with sensitive character including
material reduces the demand for primary aggregate and makes
search for in-building and landfill waste facilities. The latter may
narrow roads. Such development therefore needs to satisfy strict
the best use of limited resources.
have to be the subject of joint venture or partnership approaches
controls to protect the countryside. Nevertheless it is
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Proposals for the treatment, processing, distribution and
Energy Generation, Efficiency and Conservation
Policy ENV15
storage of commercial/industrial waste facilities will normally be
Waste Management in New Development
Plan 2006-2021
permitted on existing employment sites with permission for B2
Strategic Policy SP8
industrial uses, provided any environmental effects are capable
All proposals for new built development should include
of being controlled to an acceptable level. Some waste operations
Renewable Energy
provision for the proper design, location, storage and
such as windrow composting and anaerobic digestion may,
management of waste generated by the development both
however, need to be located outside of settlement boundaries
Development proposals which contribute to meeting
during construction and operation of the site.
where emissions such as bioaerosols will not harm the public.
national renewable energy and energy efficiency targets
Each application will therefore need to be determined on its merits
will be permitted where it can be demonstrated that there
in accordance with normal development control criteria and other
will be no significant adverse impacts on the
The Council propose to issue an SPG on the design/
relevant countryside policies; guided by the areas of search maps
management of waste facilities to compliment the LDP, which
environment and local communities.
produced as part of the Regional Waste Plan evidence base.
will set out the need for an integrated approach to providing waste
LDP Objective: 2e
facilities for all built development. Such provision covers
4.5.10 Commercial and industrial waste comprises approximately
residential, industrial, commercial, retail and other development.
60% of the total waste generated in any given area. Such waste
Early consideration of waste management needs for flats, terraced
takes a number of different forms such as business food waste,
The LDP will ensure that the County Borough’s energy
housing etc such as bin/bag enclosures, design layouts for easy
green horticultural waste, plastics, wood, glass, paper, metal and
requirements are fully satisfied whilst having the minimum impact
waste handling, segregated stores and path gradients is essential
construction and demolition waste such as soil, bricks, concrete
on the environment and local communities. However, the LDP
to ensure planning for waste is not an afterthought. Larger sites
and stone etc.
also acknowledges that the County Borough has a role to play in
may be required to produce a site environment management plan
meeting renewable energy generation targets contained in the
which would state how waste arising, and other environmental
4.5.11 The number of facilities to deal with the recycling of such
UK and Welsh energy strategies and policies.
control measures will reduce the impact of construction.
waste has grown dramatically in recent years as a result of national
and regional targets to reduce disposal to landfill. This trend is
Developments for renewable energy generation (as well
Policy ENV16
likely to continue throughout the plan period and as most waste
as micro-renewables), including biomass facilities and wind farms
Commercial and Industrial Waste
processing has elements of B1/B2/B8 use, capacity on existing
will therefore be encouraged in principle. However, the location of
industrial estates has been assessed to accommodate demand
development will need to be balanced against its impact on the
for such facilities in line with TAN 21 and the Regional Waste
environment (including the landscape) and nearby communities.
Proposals for the treatment, processing and distribution
of commercial and industrial waste such as:
Plan. Hence, such facilities are encouraged to locate on existing
sites which generally have suitable infrastructure to support
In order to reduce the overall need to generate electricity,
facilities of this nature. This also enables, where appropriate, the
energy conservation and efficiency measures will be encouraged
Materials Recycling Facilities (MRF);
sharing of energy produced from waste management processes
in all new developments.
Mechanical Biological Treatment facilities (MBT);
to adjoining industrial users or to appropriate receptors within the
In-vessel/anaerobic digestion composting facilities,
wider urban area.
will be directed to sites outlined in Policy SP7.
Other waste management facilities will be permitted at
appropriate locations primarily within allocated
employment sites with specified B2 employment use class
allocations provided they meet all of the following criteria:
1) There is no unacceptable impact on the amenity of
local residents or adjoining industrial users through
noise, dust, vibration, smells or vermin;
2) Arrangements can be made to prevent the pollution
of surface or underground water and air;
3) The traffic generated can be accommodated safely on
the existing highway network; and
4) A programme of site management is agreed for the
duration of the development.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Renewable Energy
In order for development proposals to set out how they
Policy ENV18
will make a contribution towards providing increased levels of
Renewable Energy Developments
Plan 2006-2021
energy generation from renewable and low/zero carbon
resources, energy statements should be prepared for all major
Proposals for renewable energy developments will be
Renewable Energy and Low/Zero Carbon Technology
development proposals (defined in Policy ENV17). The Council
permitted provided that:
will therefore expect all major development proposals to examine
the potential for renewable and low/zero carbon technologies on-
The Council will encourage major development proposals
1) In the case of wind farm developments of 25MW or
site and, where appropriate, the sharing of that energy with the
to incorporate schemes which generate energy from
more, the preference will be for them to be located
wider community.
renewable and low/zero carbon technologies. These
within the boundary of the refined Strategic Search
technologies include onshore wind, landfill gas, energy
To this end, the Council will take a proactive, corporate
crops, energy from waste, anaerobic digestion, sewage
role in not only seeking to make its own buildings more energy
gas, hydropower, biomass, combined heat and power and
2) The availability of identified mineral resources or
efficient and generators of renewable energy generation, but will
buildings with integrated renewable sources.
reserves will not be sterilised;
produce an Energy Opportunities Plan (EOP) as SPG to the LDP.
The EOP will assist the development industry by spatially
In achieving this, all development proposals of 10 or more
3) Appropriate monitoring and investigation can
identifying possible sources of renewable energy including suitable
residential dwellings or with a total floorspace of 1,000
demonstrate that the development will not have any
areas for smaller scale wind, hydropower generation and district
sq metres or more should, where viable, be able to
significant impacts on nature conservation;
heating networks. Such networks utilise a single source of energy
connect to district supply networks of heat and energy.
to provide heating to a number of different buildings and can help
In addition, energy assessments should be submitted with
4) Appropriate arrangements have been made for the
to minimise carbon emissions and energy costs. The Council
applications to investigate incorporating on-site zero and
preservation and/or recording of features of local
will expect major developments to be designed to enable
low carbon equipment or connecting to existing sources
archaeological, architectural or historic interest;
connection to such networks where they exist or are proposed,
of renewable energy. Such investigations should also
where viable.
examine the potential for heat and electricity generated
They can be safely accessed to permit regular
by the development to power/fuel nearby receptive
maintenance without detriment to the environment
or the public rights of way network;
The Council's Energy Opportunities Plan will inform
They will not detrimentally affect local amenity by
consideration of these issues.
reason of noise emission, visual dominance, shadow
flicker, reflected light, the emission of smoke, fumes,
The following site is allocated for renewable energy
harmful gases, dust, nor otherwise cause pollution to
the local environment;
ENV17(1) Former Llynfi Power Station
They will not lead to electromagnetic disturbance to
existing transmitting and receiving systems (which
includes navigation and emergency services), thereby
In preparing the LDP, the Council has prepared a
prejudicing public safety;
Renewable Energy Assessment (REA) to indicate the potential
level of energy generation from renewable sources. This
Local receptors of heat and energy from the proposal
assessment followed a toolkit provided by the Welsh Government
are identified and, where appropriate, are connected
and examines a wide variety of renewable energy sources.
to/benefit from the facility; and
Development allocations which will make a significant contribution
to meeting this potential are highlighted in Policy ENV17. The REA
Provision has been made for the removal of all infra-
acknowledges that, in the generation of renewable heat sources
structure from, and reinstatement of the site following
in particular, the potential for heat energy generation in the County
termination of the use.
Borough falls below the national targets set out in the UK
Renewable Energy Strategy. Therefore there is a case for
requiring closer scrutiny of proposals to assess their potential for
the receipt or generation of renewable energy generation over
the requirements set out in national policy on sustainable buildings.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
In accordance with national policy and TAN 8 Planning for
Renewable Energy (2005), locally refined Strategic Search Areas
Plan 2006-2021
for large-scale wind energy projects are shown on the LDP
Proposals Map as areas within which there is a general
acceptance of landscape change.
As part of a collaborative exercise, a consortium of South
Wales Authorities including Bridgend, Neath Port Talbot, Rhondda
Cynon Taf, Swansea, and Carmarthenshire Councils has
undertaken work on future wind farm development in the sub-
region, in accordance with TAN 8: Planning for Renewable Energy.
The consortium commissioned consultants to provide
recommendations on the proposed refinement of the boundaries
of Strategic Search Areas (SSAs) E and F defined in TAN 8.
4.6.9 The locally refined SSA within Bridgend County Borough
(as shown on the Proposals Map) is seen by the Council as the
preferred location within the County Borough for large scale wind
energy developments. Outside of the refined areas, the Council
will operate a case-by-case approach to these schemes. Where
development proposals can be justified, however, careful attention
to landscape issues will need to be consdered in accordance
with Policy SP2 as well as the criteria of Policy ENV18.
4.6.10 The Council acknowledges that renewable energy
generation is an evolving industry and therefore Policy ENV18 is
intended to cover a broad range of generation types. This policy,
together with SP8 will ensure that consideration of proposals is
balanced between the desire to generate increased levels of
renewable energy and the need to protect sensitive areas. The
local community should also benefit appropriately from any facility
with examinations of the potential to connect existing / future
developments to the facility or, where this is not possible, other
forms of community benefits should be examined.
4.6.11 Planning obligations and/or planning conditions may be
used as appropriate to ensure the adequate provision of
renewable energy facilities as part of major development
proposals are in accordance with policy and guidance.
4.6.12 The Council have produced Supplementary Planning
Guidance (SPG)12 - Climate Neutral Development (2008) which
will be reviewed in light of the LDP and Policy (PLA4) and should
be used as a guide for sustainable development.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
To Spread Prosperity and Opportunity
Plan 2006-2021
Through Regeneration
Employment and the Economy
Strategic Policy SP9
Employment and the Economy
In order to meet the varying requirements of business,
and to provide access to employment and training for all
residents, a range and choice of vacant sites on 120
hectares of land is identified and protected for
employment (B1, B2 and B8 uses) purposes.
Land is allocated and safeguarded for the establishment
of high quality 'strategic employment sites'. Such sites
must be developed, in accordance with a development
brief/masterplan, to the highest design and
environmental standards. Preferred uses on the site are
ICT, Energy and Environment, Advanced Materials and
Manufacturing, Creative Industries, Life Sciences, and
B1 Financial and Professional Services.
The following strategic sites are allocated for employment
SP9(1) Brocastle, Waterton, Bridgend;
20 Hectares
SP9(2) Island Farm, Bridgend;
11 Hectares
SP9(3) Pencoed Technology Park;
5 Hectares
SP9(4) Ty Draw Farm, North Cornelly.
2 Hectares
LDP Objectives: 1a, 1b, 1d, 3a, 3b, 3c
The LDP Strategy recognises and acknowledges that the
County Borough has one of the highest rates of employment land
development in South East Wales, and that the strategy should
maintain a healthy supply of employment land for continued
investment ensuring choice and flexibility for developers.
Including those sites identified as being ‘strategic’, the LDP
identifies a total of 120 hectares of vacant employment land to
ensure that a choice and range of sites are available across the
County Borough during the plan period up to 2021. Ongoing
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
employment uptake between 2006 - 2009 has reduced this
availability to 108ha. This identified employment land underpins
Plan 2006-2021
Employment Sites
the future prosperity of the local economy, offering a range of
sites and premises for the whole spectrum of B class uses, sui
Land is allocated and protected for employment development falling within the uses specified, at:
generis uses, and other uses (such as waste facilities) that require
an industrial location. This wide and balanced portfolio will allow
Bridgend Strategic Regeneration Growth Area
Valleys Gateway Strategic Regeneration Growth Area
the local economy to attract higher value-added knowledge-
intensive employment uses, while maintaining the significant
REG1(1)*†† Brackla Industrial Estate
REG1(16) Abergarw Industrial Estate Abergarw Industrial Estate
manufacturing base that is an important facet and driver of growth
REG1(2) Bridgend Industrial Estate
REG1(17)* Bryncethin Depot
for the local economy, now and in the future.
REG1(3)* Coity Road Sidings, Bridgend
REG1(18) Brynmenyn Industrial Estate
REG1(4) Coychurch Yard, Bridgend
REG1(19)* Former Christie Tyler Site
A review of UDP employment allocations was carried out
REG1(5)*†† Litchard Industrial Estate
REG1(20) Enterprise Centre, Tondu
in the Council’s Employment Land Review Report (June 2010).
REG1(6)* Parc Afon Ewenni
REG1(21)* Land west of Maesteg Rd, Tondu
This was based upon a Best Practice guide produced by the UK
REG1(7) Penybont Industrial Estate
REG1(22) Land adjacent to Sarn Park
Government to assess the requirements for new employment
REG1(8) Waterton Industrial Estate
land over the LDP period. It then went on to review all the existing
Other Areas
employment sites to ensure that they offered development
Maesteg and the Llynfi Valley Strategic Regeneration
REG1(23) Bocam Park, Pencoed
opportunities in the areas both where the market required sites
Growth Area
REG1(24) Bridgend Science Park
as well as those policy-driven areas where the Council would like
REG1(25) Crosby Yard, Bridgend
to see employment developments to combat deprivation and
REG1(9)* Coegnant, Caerau
REG1(26) Dunraven House, near Pyle
inactivity and promote sustainable patterns of development. The
REG1(10)* Ewenny Road, Maesteg
REG1(27) Ffaldau Industrial Estate
report also considered new sites for employment which had been
REG1(11) Forge Industrial Estate, Maesteg
REG1(28)* Land at Gibbons Way, North
promoted through the Candidate Site process. This review has
REG1(12) Heol Ty Gwyn, Maesteg
resulted in a significant reduction in the overall employment land
REG1(13) Spelter Industrial Estate, Maesteg
REG1(29) Georgia Pacific
supply when compared to the UDP. However, this reduction will
REG1(30) Green Meadow, Llangeinor
allow other uses, including residential, as enabling development
Porthcawl Strategic Regeneration Growth Area
REG1(31)* Isfryn Industrial Estate (including
on previously unviable employment sites to bring forward
Cwm Ogwr Fach, Blackmill)
employment opportunities across the County Borough, especially
REG1(14) Glan Road, Porthcawl
REG1(32) Land SW Pencoed Technology Park
in those areas where growth is anticipated.
REG1(15)* Pwll y Waun, Porthcawl
REG1(33) Penllwyngwent, Ogmore Vale
REG1(34) South Cornelly Industrial Estate
The Strategic Employment Sites identified in Policy SP9
REG1(35) Trews Field, Bridgend
and their role in the LDP spatial strategy are described in detail in
REG1(36) Village Farm Industrial Estate
Section 2.3. They represent the greatest assets to the area in
REG1(37) Wern Tarw
generating high levels of jobs. Their flexibility as predominately
green field sites will also be attractive to high quality businesses,
Those sites marked with an asterisk* are sites included within or form part of mixed-use schemes as defined in
both in terms of inward investment and accommodating
Policy PLA3.
indigenous growth. To this end, it is important that the uses on
Those sites marked with †† are sites which are also considered as acceptable in principle to accommodate a waste
these sites are aligned with the Welsh Government’s economic
treatment facility as defined in Policy SP7.
renewal priorities.
ICT (Electronics, software and services);
The policy will be flexibly applied both in terms of any future
Energy and Environment (Low carbon energy research, energy
changes to government priority sectors, or uses outside of those
In July 2010, the Welsh Government’s Economic Renewal:
efficiency, energy storage, environmental management,
specified which can justify that a strategic site is necessary for
A New Direction, set out a national framework for economic
research and consultancy);
their development and which can still meet the high design and
development. One of the priorities is to develop a sector-based,
Advanced Materials and Manufacturing (Automotive, aerospace
environmental standards required by Policy SP9.
strategic approach to business support. The sectors identified,
and electronics);
and therefore included in the Strategic Employment Sites uses
Creative Industries (Digital media, film, television and radio);
The sites allocated for employment purposes in the LDP,
are as follows:
Life Sciences (Medical technology, diagnostics and trials);
together with the amount of existing vacant land (as at October
Financial and Professional Services.
2009), are included at Appendix 3. This information is revised on
an annual basis as a result of the Council’s Employment Land
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
If Bridgend is to retain its competitive industrial base it is
5.1.13 In terms of employment land availability, Policy REG1
5.1.14 Policy REG2 aims to protect existing jobs and ensure the
accounts for 70 hectares of vacant employment land, which is
imperative that the area is able to offer a broad portfolio of sites. In
continued availability of a wide range of employment opportunities
throughout the County Borough, by strongly resisting the
Plan 2006-2021
distributed across the County Borough (see table 3.1) and helping
addition to those Strategic sites identified and safeguarded under
to deliver the regeneration-led LDP Strategy.
redevelopment of allocated industrial land and buildings for
Policy SP9. Policy REG1 also identifies a variety of employment sites
suitable for all types of employment uses of varying size and type.
alternative purposes. This is especially relevant when designated
Policy REG2
sites are located close to the strategic road network and have
Protection of Identified Employment Sites
In addition to identifying established employment sites,
been vacant for a number of years. In such circumstances there
Policy REG1 also includes those employment areas which have
is often intense pressure from alternative development proposals,
Proposals which result in the loss of existing or proposed
vacant land for development for employment purposes and
notably from housing, retail and leisure developments.
employment (B1,B2 and B8) land or buildings on sites
therefore have an important contribution to make in fulfilling the
identified in Policy REG1 will not be permitted. Exceptions
LDP Strategy (see Appendix 3). The remaining areas of vacant
5.1.15 Policy REG2 also recognises that employment areas
will need to be justified on one of the following grounds:
land on existing industrial estates collectively offer opportunities
operate more efficiently if they can provide an element of service
for investment for employment purposes.
1. In appropriate locations, a limited number of those
provision to their employees and their clients. In this context, a
uses regarded as complementary and/or ancillary
limited number of non employment uses that are considered
Many of the sites listed in the policy also form parts of
to the main use of the land for industrial purposes; or
complementary and ancillary to the main employment use, may
much larger regeneration or mixed-use sites additionally allocated
be considered acceptable, although their cumulative impact is a
2. In appropriate locations, those sui generis
by Policy PLA3 . The identification and delivery of the component
factor which will need to be taken into account when deciding
employment uses which are suitably located on
employment elements of those sites identified in Policy PLA3,
upon individual proposals. Exceptions previously identified are
employment land.
will be ensured by the respective schemes, which will need to be
generally those services to which employees/patrons of the
agreed as part of their comprehensive delivery. The development
employment area businesses can use with linked-trips to and
of these sites for employment purposes as part of much wider
Policy REG3
from their place of work/business, rather than generating new
schemes containing other uses will help to create sustainable
D2 Class Uses on Employment Sites
trips to the employment area by members of the public. Such
mixed use areas within existing communities, helping to facilitate
accepatale uses could be hotels with conference facilities, banks,
Proposals which result in the change of use of existing
the physical regeneration of the site and acting as enabling
post offices, public houses, cafes, newsagents, bakeries, gyms
employment (B1,B2 and B8) buildings to uses within Class
development to the delivery of the employment element, thereby
and creches. In addition, many sui generis employment uses do
D2 of the Use Classes Order on Policy REG1 sites will be
improving the socio-economic regeneration of the wider area.
not fit neatly within town centres or within close proximity to
permitted provided that:
residential areas; but by their very nature are far better located on
5.1.10 The Council acknowledges that B1 office uses are best
1. In sequential order of preference, all suitable retailing
an industrial estate. Such suitable sui generis u'ses that maybe
located within the town centres of the County Borough; however
and commercial centre, edge-of-centre and out-of-
acceptable include motor vehicle sales and/or hire and waste
the SP9 and REG1 sites also provide opportunities for office
centre sites and buildings have been assessed and
management facilities.
development on sites across the County Borough. These
found unsuitable;
opportunities should be viewed in the context of the need to
5.1.16 Notwithstanding the strict controls generally applied to uses
2. The building has been vacant for at least 2 years and
undertake a sequential test of sites, as required by national policy
on the County Borough’s employment allocations, the Council is
has been actively marketed for employment uses
and Policy SP10 of the LDP.
also aware that there is significant interest and pressure to allow
throughout that time;
certain uses falling within Class D2 of the Use Classes Order
5.1.11 Some of the sites identified in Policy REG1 are, for the
3. The site is accessible by a choice of means of trans-
within these areas. These include Children’s Soft Play Centres
most part, either fully developed with no remaining vacant land or
port other than the car;
and some indoor sporting activities which, by their very nature,
have little vacant land remaining. There is some, albeit limited
require a large space, often with significant headroom.
4. It is demonstrated that a former industrial building is
scope to develop new buildings for employment purposes within
required to accommodate the use;
these areas, although the opportunity for redevelopment of under-
5. The proposal, in terms of size and number, either
utilised or vacant buildings and premises still exists. The Policy
therefore acknowledges the existence of these employment areas
singularly or cumulatively with other existing or
permitted developments, is clearly subordinate to the
and seeks, along with other policies, to maintain their use in the
employment use of the area and does not threaten
future for employment purposes.
the status and character of the wider allocation as an
employment site for B1, B2 or B8 uses; and
5.1.12 However, some sites identified in Policy REG1 have been
identified as being acceptable in principle to accommodate new
6. The operations of other industrial and employment
waste treatment facilities as identified in Policy SP7.
uses in the vicinity of the site would not be adversely
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
Commercial and Retailing Developments
5.1.17 Before permitting such uses on employment sites
will continue to be temporary, having regard to the extent of the
however, the Council needs to ensure that other sites which are
available landbank at that time and when the limestone resources
Plan 2006-2021
in sequentially better locations (in line with national policy) have
is likely to be required, in order not to sterilise potential future
been investigated and found to be unsuitable by the applicants
mineral extraction.
Strategic Policy SP10
before considering such developments at these locations. It is
also important that the development of the site does not prejudice
5.1.20 Notwithstanding the constraints, the Council does not wish
Retail and Commercial Hierarchy
the use of the area for employment purposes; therefore the building
to overly frustrate limited development of the site which could assist
in question must be vacant, have been as such for at least 2
in the creation of a cluster of innovative and inter-related green
New retail, office, other commercial, leisure and
years and has been actively marketed during that time. This
industries which are supported by the Welsh Government and will
appropriate employment developments will be focused
evidence would need to be submitted with any application.
assist in the meeting of its carbon reduction targets and policies.
according to the following hierarchy of retailing and
Likewise the development, in the opinion of the Local Planning
commercial centres within the County Borough:
Authority should not be of a size and scale so as to undermine
5.1.21 To this end, a development brief has been produced for
the character and identity of the wider area for traditional
the site which examines the crucial issues of appropriate land
Sub Regional Centre
employment purposes.
uses, access and transportation, landscape, pollution and design.
Town Centres
Maesteg, Porthcawl;
An acceptable development boundary for the site is also included,
Policy REG4
this is now reflected on the Proposals Map.
District Centres
Aberkenfig (Valleys Gateway);
Former Stormy Down Airfield
Kenfig Hill; Ogmore Vale;
5.1.22 This brief will become SPG to the LDP and will remain in
Pencoed; Pontycymmer;
Temporary development of the former Stormy Down
force for the plan period. Reviews of the LDP will ensure that the
Airfield will be permitted where it relates to/facilitates the
requirement for the minerals resources underneath the airfield is
creation of a cluster of innovative green industries.
monitored with appropriate policy changes and revocation of the
Local Service Centres
Bettws North; Bettws South;
SPG when necessary. This will be assisted by the use of
Blackmill; Blaengarw;
temporary consents.
Brackla; Broadlands;
5.1.18 The former Stormy Down Airfield site has, for many years,
Bryntirion; Caerau;
seen a variety of development activity take place including leisure
5.1.23 The recognition of the site in the LDP is made in the interest
Laleston; Ogmore Valley Nantymoel;
uses and a Sunday Market. More recently one of the hangars has
North Cornelly; Nottage;
of transparency and development management, given the fact
been used to develop a test facility for an alternative low carbon
Pontrhydycyff; Sarn;
that the development exists for the lifetime of the Plan.
cement substitute. Additionally planning permission has also been
Verlands Court (Pencoed);
granted for an anaerobic digestion / biogas facility on land in close
proximity to the site and also an in-vessel composting facility for
Five Bells Road (Bridgend).
food waste within the site boundary shown on the Proposals Map.
The former may provide an energy source for the cement test
All new development proposals within retailing and
commercial centres should provide retail, community or
commercial floorspace on the ground floor.
New retail, office, other commercial and leisure
developments shall be of a scale appropriate to the
centre within which they are located, and should
contribute to or sustain the vitality and attractiveness
of that centre within the local retail hierarchy.
New out-of-centre retail and office development should
be developed as a result of an identified need and
sequential test of sites and should not be of a scale and
type which would adversely affect the vitality, viability
and attractiveness of the retailing and commercial
5.1.19 However, the site also lies within a Mineral Protection Zone
defined to protect high quality limestone and as such planning
consents which have been granted have been temporary in nature
LDP Objectives: 1a, 1b, 1c, 3e, 3f, 3g
albeit relatively long-term, with end dates of 2035, well beyond
the LDP period of 2021. Any related activity to that which is existing
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
The LDP recognises that the town and district centres of
Despite competition from out-of-centre retail
retail / commercial area and provide appropriate floorspace on
the County Borough have been, and will continue to be, the focus
developments, the established retail hierarchy has continued to
the ground floor. This is especially so in the case of new residential
Plan 2006-2021
for retailing, cultural and leisure activities. These centres also
evolve over many years and all the existing retailing and
development in these areas. The provision of new, modern
provide opportunities for employment as well as cultural and social
commercial centres fulfil an important role in meeting not only
retailing and commercial floorspace within a centre can attract
interaction. The Strategy directs all new development of an
the shopping and service needs but the cultural and leisure
higher quality occupants, thereby increasing the vitality,
appropriate scale and nature to these centres, in order to protect
requirements of the residents of the area. Policy SP10 therefore
attractiveness and overall viability of the retailing area.
their vitality and viability as well as to meet the objectives of the
seeks to protect the established retail hierarchy of the area by
Regeneration Strategies for Bridgend and Maesteg Town Centres,
focussing development in these centres and by only permitting
Policy SP10 also seeks to ensure that as far as possible
and the Porthcawl Waterfront.
out-of-centre retail development where a need and sequential test
new retail development will be to the long-term benefit of existing
have been undertaken, in accordance with national policy to
commercial centres. Whilst recognising that the position of
The distribution of shopping facilities in the County Borough
protect the vitality, viability and attractiveness of retail centres.
centres in the hierarchy may change over time, new development
fits into a regional hierarchy, with the highest order centres at
should be broadly in keeping with the character of the existing
Cardiff and Swansea being located outside the County Borough.
This policy also requires new development in retail and
centre. Developers are expected to be flexible and innovative
Within Bridgend County Borough there is a traditional and evident
commercial centres to offer retail and/or commercial floorspace.
about the format, design and scale of proposed development, in
hierarchy of town, district and local shopping centres, each fulfilling
It is imperative that new developments or redevelopment
order to achieve new development in harmony with existing
its own niche in the overall provision of retail, commercial and in
proposals acknowledge the fact that they are located within a
some cases social and community facilities and services.
Bridgend occupies the position at the top of the County
Local Retailing and Commercial Development
Borough retail hierarchy and is defined as a sub-regional town
centre. It contains the largest number and widest range of shops
Development proposals , outside of Retailing and Commercial Centres which result in the loss of retail and commercial
of any commercial centre in the County Borough. Detailed
floorspace will only be permitted where there is proven to be other sufficient provision locally or where the premises/
analysis of Bridgend’s catchment area shows that it is the principal
floorspace has been vacant for at least 2 years and has been actively marketed over that time.
shopping centre for much of the County Borough and for some
communities outside. Currently Bridgend Town Centre provides
Where a local need is identified, either through new residential development or as part of comprehensive mixed-use
over 800,000 gross square feet of retail and commercial
developments proposed by Policy PLA3 or in an existing area of under-provision, proposals for new small-scale, local
convenience and comparison goods retailing and services will be permitted.
Bridgend Town Centre’s role extends beyond that of a
In this respect the following sites are identified for small-scale, local retail developments:
shopping centre as it provides a wide range of service and leisure
Development Type
Size / (net)
facilities and an important employment role. Its diversity of uses
makes it an important destination for the whole of its catchment
Parc Derwen, Bridgend
New District Centre
(mix of A1,A2,A3,D1,D2)
Up to 3,000 sq m
Bridgend is supported by the smaller town centres of
North East Brackla Regeneration Area, Bridgend New Local Service Centre
Maesteg and Porthcawl, both of which offer a wide range of shops
(mix of A1,A2,A3,D1,D2)
Up to 450 sq m
and facilities including medium sized convenience stores to meet
Parc Afon Ewenni, Bridgend
New Local Service Centre
the needs of their immediate catchment areas. At a level below in
(mix of A1,A2,A3,D1,D2)
Up to 2,000 sq m
the hierarchy, there are a number of district and local centres
distributed throughout the County Borough. These usually contain
Ewenny Road, Maesteg
New Local Service Centre
a small supermarket and offer a range of convenience and
(mix of A1,A2,A3,D1,D2)
Up to 1,000 sq m
comparison goods as well as services such as sub-branches of
banks, newsagents, sub-post offices etc. Their immediate
Ogmore Comprehensive School, Bryncethin
Small-Scale Convenience
catchment areas tend to be more limited, with a restricted range
Goods Provision
Up to 100 sq m
of convenience and comparison goods. Their role is primarily that
Gateway to the Valleys, Tondu
Small-Scale Convenience
of ‘top-up’ or ‘walk-in’ centres, often providing essential goods on
Goods Provision
Up to 100 sq m
a daily basis as a supplement to those provided in centres further
up the hierarchy. Some smaller centres also provide many
Bryncethin Depot, Bryncethin
Local Convenience
community facilities either within their boundaries or adjacent to
Goods Store
Up to 1,500 sq m
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
5.2.12 In areas of new housing growth this may result in the need
5.2.9 Office developments also add to the diversity of uses in town
The Control of Uses in Commercial and Retail Centres
to provide new local convenience goods retailing either within, or
centres and they can attract large numbers of the general public into
Plan 2006-2021
close to, the new development to meet the everyday needs of the
those centres. In addition, they can help to diversify the employment
Policy REG6
profile in an area and help create jobs.The Government’s objective
residents. This is likely to occur outside of the retailing and
Primary Shopping Frontages
of sustaining and enhancing the vitality, attractiveness and viability of
commercial centres identified in Policy SP10. Policy REG5
town centres is complemented by advice to encourage the diversifi-
therefore facilitates the provision of new locally-scaled
cation of uses within the town centre as a whole.This is recognition
convenience goods retailing provision where the need can be
Primary shopping frontages in Bridgend, Porthcawl and
of the fact that as well as ensuring a wide variety and range of shops,
identified. In the case of large-scale residential, or mixed-use
Maesteg Town Centres are shown on the Proposals Map.
the vitality of shopping centres is also dependent on its ability to draw
developments incorporating a significant element of residential
investment from other sectors of the economy. The County Bor-
development, such as those sites identified in REG5, there is a
Development proposals on the ground floor which
ough’s town centres are well served by a choice of public transport,
case for providing a new retailing centre incorporating other
involve the loss of Class A1 floorspace to other uses in
locating employment generating uses within town centres will con-
retailing, leisure and commercial uses at a scale and size
primary shopping frontages will only be permitted where:
tribute to the overall objective of sustainability, by maximising the
proportionate to the site as a whole.
opportunities for employees as well as shoppers, to use means of
1. The development would not, by virtue of its nature,
transport other than the car.
5.2.13 Each site in Policy REG5 is accompanied by a proposed
design and scale, materially dilute the continuity of
development type and size. The development type represents
the primary shopping frontage;
5.2.10 Economic sectors requiring office accommodation are
the nature of retail provision anticipated, for example, a new
identified for growth during the plan period. However, it is likely that
purpose built centre district / local service centre containing
2. The development would not exacerbate an existing,
only a limited amount of new office development is capable of being
numerous small stores or a stand alone convenience goods store.
nor create a new, undue concentration of non A1 uses,
accommodated on town centre sites. Policy SP10 therefore
The size represents the scale of development anticipated and
either in the immediate locality or in the general street
requires that a sequential test of sites is undertaken when consider-
either relates directly to the size of the new residential development
ing locations for new offices. Sites should be considered in the
proposed as part of the scheme (to which the retail store / centre
following order:
would directly serve), or reflects a lack of provision more generally
3. The development would not create a dead window
in the area. Specifically, the Bryncethin Depot allocation reflects
frontage, but rather be of a nature which stimulates
Town Centres
a qualitative need which the Council has identified in the east of
passing trade and maintains the general interest of
Edge-of-town centres
the Valleys Gateway area and the Ogmore and Garw Valleys.
the shopping public;
District and Local Service centres
The scale of this provision should not be so great to significantly
Policy SP9 Strategic Employment Sites which support the
alter shopping patterns across the County Borough, hence the
4. The development would not give rise to new, nor
Plan’s strategy and provide for the priority employment
proposed size of 1,500 sq m (net).
materially exacerbate existing, local problems due to
sectors that require office accommodation
traffic generation, congestion, highway safety, noise,
REG1 employment sites which provide a suitable enviro-
5.2.14 Conversely, the loss of a single retail store to another use
smell, crime, anti-social behaviour or other amenity
ment for office development and that are highly accessible
could lead to a deficit in provision locally. The Council will need to
by a choice of means of transport
be sure, when granting a planning permission in such
Other REG1 employment sites which provide a suitable
circumstances that there will not be an under-provision of such
environment for office development
retailing in the area and that residents can readily access this
5.2.15 Town centres need to maintain their diversity if they are to
type of service. Evidence to this effect will need to be provided
Other, unallocated sites within settlement boundaries.
retain their vitality and viability, but the range and variety of shops
with a planning application. It would need to be demonstrated that
and services has changed over time and will continue to evolve.
the property has been actively marketed for at least 2 years prior
5.2.11 The Council recognises the important role that local
However, there is a need to ensure that commercial centres do
to the submission of an application. The Council will need to be
shopping facilities play in serving their communities and
not lose their ‘critical mass’ of retail units to the extent that they
satisfied that marketing has been undertaken on reasonable terms
appreciates that their provision can mean a vital service is
can no longer function as viable shopping centres. There is a
and, as a minimum, would require sales particulars and
provided to local people.
danger that retail uses could be ‘outbid’ by other uses to the
information from sales / letting agents to be submitted as part of
possible detriment of the commercial centre. Accordingly, there
an application.
is a need to strike a balance between retailing and non-retailing
uses in commercial centres to ensure the optimum mix, and thus
enhance the vitality and viability of those centres.
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
5.2.16 Policy REG6 recognises that the primary shopping
5.2.17 As expressed above, the Council’s aim is to maintain the
5.2.19 The Council consider that there are some circumstances
frontages of the town centres in the County Borough are in need
vitality and viability of the retailing and commercial centres in the
whereby the introduction of a certain use on the ground floor (i.e.
Plan 2006-2021
of particular protection from competing uses and enforces strict
County Borough. However, it is recognised that in some older
within the shopping frontage) within a retailing and commercial
criteria to protect their viability and vitality. Primary shopping
centres the prospects of attracting new commercial development
centre could be harmful either to the environmental amenity or, in
frontages can also, where applicable, complement ongoing public
(A1, A2 and A3 uses) are rather limited. This is particularly so in
design and visual terms, the very character of that centre.
realm pedestrianisation and town centre regeneration objectives
some of the valley settlements. Under these circumstances, there
which seek to increase the retail offer of the centres in a pleasant,
is a need to adopt a more flexible and pragmatic approach. In
5.2.20 In the case of B2 and B8 developments, the Council
attractive environment. Outside of primary shopping frontages a
most of the valley settlements, the commercial centres are
considers developments in these use classes are not compatible
more relaxed approach is adopted.
interspersed with residential development, and indeed, many of
with the retail and commercial environment. However, B2 and or
the shops were once private dwelling houses that have been
B8 uses which are ancillary to the main use of a commercial
converted. The Council would be concerned if, under these
property, for example for the manufacture and / or distribution of
Policy REG7
circumstances, shops remained vacant for a considerable length
goods made on the premises which are also sold from a retail
Non A1, A2 and A3 Uses Outside of Primary Shopping
of time, leading to a deterioration of their condition and to the
outlet located on the retail frontage, may be acceptable (subject
detriment of the local environment. It is therefore considered
to assessment of other amenity issues). B1 office uses are
appropriate to develop criteria by which retail units outside of the
encouraged in town and district centres under other policies in
Changes of use to non A1, A2 or A3 premises on the ground
primary shopping areas can be converted to more viable uses
the plan, although, it is likely, strict conditions will need to be
floor outside of primary shopping frontages but within a
such as residential. In these circumstances, it would need to be
placed upon any consent of this type to ensure that permitted
retailing and commercial centre will only be permitted:
demonstrated that the property has been actively marketed for at
development rights are not used to introduce incongruous light
1. If for residential purposes:
least 2 years prior to the submission of an application. The Council
industrial uses.
will need to be satisfied that marketing has been undertaken on
The premises/floorspace has been vacant for at
reasonable terms and, as a minimum, would require sales
Retail and Commercial Development Sites
least two years and has been actively marketed over
particulars and information from sales / letting agents to be
that time; and
submitted as part of an application.
The premises/floorspace does not form part of a
5.2.18 The conversion of retail units often leads to the
Development Sites in Retailing and Commercial
purpose-built retail environment or a continuous
fragmentation of commercial frontages but this is considered
frontage of three or more existing commercial units.
preferable to long term vacancies and voids. Nonetheless, these
have to be kept in balance so that the very purpose of retailing
2. If for other purposes, the proposal does not involve
The regeneration of retail and commercial centres
and commercial centres is not diluted unduly. Although activities
the loss of existing A1 floorspace.
through the refurbishment or redevelopment of key sites
falling within Class B1 are by definition acceptable in residential
and buildings for retail, office, other commercial, leisure
areas in terms of their environmental standards, the Council will
Wherever possible, proposals for a change of use of
and complementary uses will be favoured. The following
existing floorspace should be designed so as not to
not permit such uses which would result in the loss of existing
sites are identified as key sites:
prejudice a future conversion back to a retail or
retail A1. Such uses may be successfully accommodated above
commercial use.
ground floor level in primary shopping frontages and in non-retail
premises elsewhere in established commercial centres.
REG9(1) 'Southside' - Land at the Brackla Centre,
Cheapside, Police Station and the Surface Car
Park, Bridgend
Policy REG8
REG9(2) 'Riverside' - Land at Rhiw Car Park and
Control and Exclusion of Uses in Retailing and
adjacent land, Bridgend
REG9(3) The Embassy Cinema Site and adjacent land,
Commercial Centres
General industrial and storage/distribution uses (Class
REG9(4) Elder Yard, Bridgend
B2 and B8) will not be permitted on ground floor
REG9(5) Land north of Market Street, Bridgend
frontages anywhere in retailing and commercial centres.
REG9(6) Porthcawl Waterfront Regeneration Area
REG9(7) Former Surgery Site, Coychurch Rd, Pencoed
REG9(8) Outdoor Market, Bus Station and Riverside,
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
5.2.21 The long term success of the retail and commercial centres
in the County Borough is dependent upon investment by private
Plan 2006-2021
Existing Retail Development Outside of Retailing and Commercial Centres
enterprise, in partnership with the Council where possible. Failure
to invest in these centres will lead to a relative decline in their
Retail development outside of Retailing and Commercial Centres will be concentrated at the following existing locations:
popularity when compared to similar centres in the region. It is
therefore essential that the LDP identifies opportunities for
Existing Uses
investment which will contribute to the regeneration of the centres.
Bridgend Retail Park
Bulky Comparison & Convenience
5.2.22 All of the sites identified in Policy REG9 are located within
Waterton Retail Park
Bulky Comparison
a town or district centre, thus according with government advice
Sainsbury, Cefn Hirgoed
in terms of the sequential test. They demonstrate the Council’s
Tesco, Brewery Lane
commitment to direct investment and regeneration efforts to the
Tesco, Llynfi Lane, Maesteg
County Borough’s town centres. The successful redevelopment
Bridgend Designer Outlet Village
Controlled by s106
of these sites will lead to an improved shopping environment and
an extended retail and commercial offer.
5.2.25 Within the County Borough out-of-centre retail activity is
5.2.29 Policy REG10(6) acknowledges the presence of the
5.2.23 A detailed analysis of food shopping patterns in the County
concentrated in the sites listed in Policy REG10. These contain a
Designer Outlet Wales by allocating it for its own specific purpose.
Borough by CACI Ltd in 2007 and updated in 2010 concluded
mixture of: food stores selling convenience goods and retail
However, the Council is aware that unrestricted out-of-centre retail
that, taking into account the allocation within the Porthcawl
warehouse parks which tend to sell bulky durable comparison
development at this location could also undermine the role of
Regeneration Area for a 2,500 sq m net convenience goods
goods such as DIY foods, electrical goods and furniture.
existing town centres. The Council will need to be convinced that
supermarket (see Policy REG9(6)), there was no further need to
any further development at this location will not undermine the
allocate further convenience goods floorspace within the County
5.2.26 Policy REG10 acknowledges the presence of existing retail
vitality and viability of existing town centres, both within the County
Borough up to 2021. Any proposals for further convenience goods
developments outside of town, district and local centres. It should
Borough and beyond, in accordance with national retail planning
retailing developments outside of the retailing and commercial
be stressed that extensions within the boundaries of these sites
centres will need to prove a need for the provision as outlined in
(including the introduction of mezzanine floors within units),
national policy.
increases to the allocated floorspace in new sites or relaxations/
changes to the types of goods sold, will require retail assessments
5.2.24 It is considered that the sites identified within Bridgend
of need, sequential test and impact as stipulated by national policy.
Town Centre can deliver the required level of comparison goods
This will also apply to applications which seek to vary conditions
retail floorspace identified by the CACI Vision report for it to
to change the types of goods sold from these sites or the sub-
undertake a step-change in its retail provision. More detail of the
division of units; both of which could potentially undermine the
level and types of provision on these sites can be found in the
vitality and viability of town and district centres if not properly
Bridgend Town Centre Masterplan which will become
Supplementary Planning Guidance to the LDP.
5.2.27 The development of the Bridgend Designer Outlet at
junction 36 of the M4 has added a new dimension to out-of-centre
retailing in the County Borough. Since its completion in 1998 this
development has attracted over 2 million visitors per annum. The
nature of the retailing permitted is controlled by a Section 106
agreement which makes it a very particular form of out-of- town
retail centre.
5.2.28 The Designer Outlet Village can be considered as a form
of shopping activity that is separate from the normal retail
hierarchy. The potential exists to promote the existing town
centres to visitors to the County Borough through linked shopping
trips between the town centres of the County Borough and the
Outlet Village to reinforce the vitality and viability of those town
Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol
County Borough Council
Bridgend Local
5.2.33 The Porthcawl Regeneration area has the potential to
5.2.30 As established retailing sites, the Council would expect
5.2.36 Notwithstanding the above, the Council is mindful of the
the sites listed in REG10 to be considered as part of the sequen-
accommodate an element (approximately 1,000 sq m net) of bulky
advice in the 2010 retail need report that the County Borough is
Plan 2006-2021
tial test of sites for new retail development proposals on sites not
comparison goods type retailing as an inclusive part of the
already well-provided for in terms of bulky goods retailing with the
listed within the plan. The REG10 sites are well integrated into
development brief for the site. Such development would also
existing provision in Bridgend. It is also mindful that areas outside
the urban fabric and are served by public transport and accessi-
need to comply in design terms to the agreed design code for the
of Bridgend may not be attractive for the larger bulky goods
ble by means other than the car. In the interests of sustainability
area. However it is considered that there are no other alternative
retailers to locate to and the recent performance of the County
and the sustainable use of land therefore, the Council considers
sites in Porthcawl to deliver the remaining quantitative need. Given
Borough’s existing retail parks do not demonstrate a high level of
that the REG10 sites should be examined before new edge and
this constraint it is sensible to direct provision to the south of the
retailer demand in the area.
out-of-centre sites in terms of the appropriate place within the
County Borough within the Bridgend area where there are available
sequential test (i.e. existing edge of centre sites before new edge
sites. These are not only access